Gender, Women, and the Tobacco Epidemic:Taxation and the Economics of Tobacco Control
The first section of this chapter discusses the costs of tobacco consumption. This topic is relevant to millions of women, particularly in developing countries, because tobacco use exacerbates poverty conditions and negatively affects women’s roles as family providers. The costs of treating tobacco- related illnesses and the resulting loss of productivity are leading economic arguments for tobacco control policies. This is especially true for the costs related to illnesses caused by exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS)—costs that are borne by both those exposed to SHS and society in general.
The second section covers various issues concerning taxation and price. Although taxation is a “blunt” instrument that may not have a gender-specific goal, it influences women’s consumer behavior and is an important source of revenue for governments and public health programs.
Topics: Tobacco use / Prevalence and consumption / Tax levels and structure / Tobacco taxes revenues / Health consequences / Impact on demand / Economic impact of tobacco control / Health care costs / Tax and price / Economic consequences
Topics: Cost-effectiveness / Tobacco use / Prevalence and consumption / Health consequences / Tobacco taxes revenues / Impact on demand / Health care costs / Tax avoidance and evasion / Economic impact of tobacco control / Economic consequences / Impact on the poor / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs / Jobs and productivity
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