The Effects of Cigarette Expenditure on Children Growth Outcomes: Evidence from the Indonesian Family Life Survey [Working Paper Series]
This Working Paper was written by Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) in Indonesia. The working paper examines the effect of cigarette expenditure on children's height, weight, and likelihood of stunting in the country. The findings show that a 7% increase in household spending on cigarettes would lower the height of children in the household by 9.65%, reduce weight by 13.65% and increase stunting likelihood by 25.6%. This effect on stunting is larger among low-income households and among rural households. It is significant only among households with boys. Higher cigarette spending is also associated with an increased risk for premature and extremely premature births. The results demonstrate the importance of strengthened tobacco control policies to protect the wellbeing of children and the future of the country's economy.
A Policy Brief based on the working paper can be found here.
A recording of the webinar based on this research can be found here.
Authors(s): Gumilang Aryo Sahadewo, Anggita Utomo, Diah Ayu Puspandari, Firdaus Hafidz