Displaying all 504 records in the database

Fiscal Policy and Health

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at 2019 CCTS Spring Conference in Lexington, Kentucky, entitled “The Science of Health Policy and Systems Change.” During the presentation, the health and economic impact of non-communicable diseases, the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary drink taxes on use and consequences of use, … Read more »

April 2019

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Health Taxes to Save Lives: Employing Effective Excise Taxes on Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverages

For this report, the researchers on the Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health reviewed the evidence on the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage excise tax policy on consumption, health, and revenue outcomes. In addition, the Task Force commissioned an analysis of the potential impact of significant excise … Read more »

April 2019

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Health Taxes to Save Lives– Background Materials: Briefs

This report was prepared for the Bloomberg Philanthropies Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health report, Health Taxes to Save Lives: Employing Effective Excise Taxes on Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverages. There are three background policy briefs supporting the report for the Task Force: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverages in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: … Read more »

April 2019

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Health Taxes to Save Lives– Background Materials: Case Studies

This report was prepared for the Bloomberg Philanthropies Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health, and a supplement to the report, Health Taxes to Save Lives: Employing Effective Excise Taxes on Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverages. The report discusses the following case studies: tobacco taxes in the Philippines, sugary beverage taxes … Read more »

Using Fiscal Policy to Promote Health: Taxing Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverages

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) impose enormous economic costs, in addition to their impact on public health. The World Economic Forum recently called NCDs “a real threat not only to human health but to global prosperity,” with the cumulative direct and indirect economic costs of NCDs, during the period 2016-2030, estimated at … Read more »

April 2019

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Lisa Powell

Project: List of All Research

The Use of Excise Taxes to Reduce Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverage Consumption

Abstract In countries around the world, tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are significant contributors to the global epidemic of noncommunicable diseases. As a consequence, they contribute, as well, to excess health care costs and productivity losses. A large and growing body of research documents that … Read more »

The Effect of Large Cigarette Price Increases on Smoking Behavior In Indonesia: What Smokers Tell Us

This policy brief is based on a larger study, “The Illicit Cigarette Trade in Indonesia”, conducted by Prakarsa. This brief discusses the burden of tobacco use in Indonesia, the results of their research regarding user responsiveness to price increases, and policy recommendations. This brief is also available in Bahasa. … Read more »

Illicit Cigarettes in Indonesia are Not the Problem the Tobacco Industry Claim it to be

This policy brief is based on a larger study, “The Illicit Cigarette Trade in Indonesia”, conducted by Prakarsa. The main findings of the research were discusses, as well as policy recommendations in relation to illicit cigarettes in Indonesia. This brief is also available in Bahasa. … Read more »

Tobacconomics Webinar on the Toolkit on Using HES for Research in the Economics of Tobacco Control

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P0aTgQzHWkI This is a recording of a Tobacconomics webinar, given on March 20th, 2019. Speaker Rijo John, PhD gave an overview of the “Toolkit on Using Household Expenditure Surveys for Research in the Economics of Tobacco Control.” To view the toolkit, click here. To view the presentation, click here. … Read more »

March 2019

Region: Global

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Webinar about the Toolkit on Using Household Expenditure Surveys for Research in Economics of Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Rijo John, PhD, during the Tobacconomics webinar about our new toolkit, “A Toolkit on Using Household Expenditure Surveys for Research in the Economics of Tobacco Control”, on March 20th, 2019.  During the presentation, Rijo discussed the purpose of the toolkit, how to use it for … Read more »

March 2019

Region: Global

Authors: Rijo John

Project: List of All Research

A Toolkit on Using Household Expenditure Surveys for Research in the Economics of Tobacco Control

Tobacconomics hosted a webinar on this toolkit on March 20th, 2019. The primary purpose of this toolkit is to guide researchers interested in carrying out research on the economics of tobacco control, especially in the LMICs where household expenditure surveys (HES) on consumption of different tobacco products exist. This toolkit will review … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This report was produced by the research team at the Institute of Economic Sciences (IES). The purpose of this report is to discuss the research from seven Southeastern European countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia). Consumption of tobacco products imposes a significant economic and health … Read more »

Improving Tobacco Taxation Policies in Southeastern Europe

This policy brief was produced by the research team at the Institute of Economic Sciences (IES). The purpose of this policy brief is to discuss the research from seven Southeastern European countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia), which suggests that there is a significant potential … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Serbia: National Study

This study was published by the Institute of Economic Sciences (IES) in Belgrade, Serbia. The purpose of the study is to analyze the supply and demand of tobacco products in Serbia, examine tobacco taxation and pricing policies, determine the elasticity of tobacco products, and provide recommendations for policy makers. A brief … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Montenegro: National Study

This study was published by the Institute of Socio-Economic Analysis (ISEA) in Podgorica, Montenegro. The main objective of this study was to analyze tobacco taxation policies and their impact on tobacco consumption or demand in Montenegro. A brief about this report was published by ISEA. … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Macedonia: National Study

This study was published by the Analytica think tank in Macedonia. The report reviews laws and policies related to tobacco control and taxation in Macedonia, examines current and potential future impact of tobacco laws and policies on consumption, and estimates the price elasticities of demand for cigarettes. A brief about this … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Kosovo: National Study

This study was published by the Centre for Political Courage (CPC). The purpose of this research is to identify gaps in tobacco-related policy and regulations, and the results from these analyses are aimed at influencing policy makers in setting new tobacco products taxes and other regulations in the future. A brief … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Croatia: National Study

This study was conducted by the University of Split, Faculty of Economics, in Split, Croatia. The report examines the supply and demand of tobacco products, tobacco taxation and pricing policies, and the elasticity of tobacco products followed by policy recommendations. A brief about this report was published by the University of Split. … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina: National Study

This study was conducted by the University of Banja Luka, Entrepreneurship and Technology Transfer Center and Center for Project Management and Entrepreneurship of the Faculty of Economics. The main objective of this study was to determine the relationship between tobacco taxation and tobacco consumption in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A brief about … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Albania: National Study

This study was conducted by Development Solutions Associates (DSA) in Albania, and focuses on analyzing the impact of tobacco taxation on tobacco consumption. More specifically, the objective of this study is to estimate the demand elasticities of tobacco consumption that would then be useful to advocate the enforcement of tobacco … Read more »

The association between cigarette affordability and consumption: An update

Objectives This study calculates cigarette affordability for 78 countries worldwide from 2001 to 2014 using the Relative Income Price (RIP) ratio defined as the percentage of per capita GDP required to purchase 100 packs of cigarettes using the lowest price from Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) database, examine the association between cigarette … Read more »

The association between excise tax structures and the price variability of alcoholic beverages in the United States

Abstract Recent tobacco taxation research suggests that excise tax structure plays an important role in the effectiveness of increasing taxes in reducing consumption. However, evidence on excise tax structures of alcoholic beverages is scarce. We linked price variability measures for beer, wine, and liquor in the US derived using Economist Intelligence … Read more »

An international analysis of the price and affordability of beer

Aims To apply methods for measuring the affordability of beer in a large cross section of countries, and to investigate trends in affordability of beer over time. Methods We use the Relative Income Price (RIP), which uses per capita GDP, to measure the affordability of beer in up to 92 countries from 1990 … Read more »

Own-price, cross-price, and expenditure elasticities on sugar-sweetened beverages in Guatemala

Background The obesity epidemic is spreading rapidly in Guatemala, a low/middle income country still struggling with undernutrition. Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption is strongly associated with overweight, obesity, and non-communicable diseases. In Guatemala, SSBs are readily available and consumption is high, particularly among adolescents. SSB taxes have been proposed as a … Read more »

Assessing Tobacco Use in Indiana: A 2018 Update

This report updates and expands upon a report published by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation on September 16, 2016, entitled Report on the Tobacco Epidemic in Marion County and Indiana. Over the past two years, few major actions have been taken in Indiana to increase efforts to address tobacco. Not … Read more »

January 2019

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Higher Tobacco Taxes in Pakistan Could Increase Revenue and Improve Public Health

This policy brief is based on a report published by the Pakistan Institute of Developmental Economics (PIDE), Economics of Tobacco Taxation and Consumption in Pakistan. The brief discusses the policy recommendations needed in order to change the current tax situation in Pakistan based on their research. … Read more »

Tobacco Use in Pakistan

This policy brief is based on a report by the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE), Economics of Tobacco Taxation and Consumption in Pakistan, and provides some preliminary indicators of household level tobacco prevalence and budgetary allocations across different regions, provinces and income groups in Pakistan. It is based on a descriptive … Read more »

Economics of Tobacco Taxation and Consumption in Pakistan

Tobacco taxation is a major concern of health and tax policies in Pakistan. Although the tobacco industry thrives on 22 million active tobacco consumers and 100,000 premature deaths in Pakistan, it is still attractive because of a tax tag worth USD 1 billion. Nevertheless, tobacco taxation has largely been an … Read more »

Tobacco Control in Pakistan: The Impact of Tax Reduction Policy

This policy brief is based on a research study by the Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Macroeconomic Impacts of Tobacco Use in Pakistan. In order to gauge the revenue loss due to the introduction of the three-tier (versus the prior two-tier) excise duty structure, the study estimated the potential tax … Read more »

Role of Tobacco in Pakistan’s Economy: An Untold Reality

This policy brief is based on a research study by the Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC), Macroeconomic Impacts of Tobacco Use in Pakistan, which discusses Pakistan’s tobacco economy, economic linkages of the cigarette industry, the ripple effect of the industry on output, income, and employment generation, and the short-term losses … Read more »

Macroeconomic Impacts of Tobacco Use in Pakistan

Pakistan is among the high-burden countries with respect to the prevalence of tobacco use and its implications for public health. According to GATS (2014), 19.1% of adults in Pakistan used tobacco in any form. Consequently, the prevalence of tobacco-related diseases is also very high and various estimates indicate that tobacco … Read more »

Improving Tobacco Tax Policies in the Republic of Serbia

Although smoking prevalence in Serbia is still relatively high, increases in the price of tobacco products have led to an increase in excise revenues from tobacco. This policy brief examines the research findings from the Institute of Economic Sciences (IES) relating to tobacco taxes, and the positive effect it will … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Montenegro

The smoking prevalence in Montenegro has increased by 5% overall from 2012-2017, with an additional increase in youth estimated to be 18.7%. This policy brief examines research conducted by the Institute for Socio-Economic Analysis (ISEA), which found that an increase in tobacco excise taxes in Montenegro would cause a significant … Read more »

Improving Tobacco Tax Policy in the Republic of Macedonia

Macedonia ranks among the top ten countries worldwide for the highest smoking prevalence and average number of cigarettes smoked per individual smoker. This policy brief discusses the research conducted by Analytica (one of the first to conduct this type of research in Macedonia), which examined the price elasticity and other … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Kosovo

The implementation of an effective tobacco taxation policy in Kosovo is limited due to a lack of available and reliable empirical evidence on the socio-economic impact of taxation. This policy brief discusses the research conducted by the Centre for Political Courage (CPC), which is the first empirical evidence base on … Read more »

Excises on Tobacco Products- Effective Instrument for Reducing Prevalence of Smoking

Smoking prevalence in Croatia remains among the highest in Europe; however, higher tobacco taxes through higher prices have been shown to reduce tobacco consumption. This policy brief synthesizes the results of a study conducted by the Faculty of Economics Split, which provides opportunities to improve tax policy by further increasing … Read more »

Improving Tobacco Tax Policies in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Based on current data from the World Health Organization, the mortality in Bosnia and Herzegovina attributed to the consumption of tobacco products is projected to be 600,000 people. This policy brief examines the findings from research conducted by the University of Banja Luka (UNIBL), which calls out the fundamental problems … Read more »

Improving Tobacco Tax Policies in the Republic of Albania

Tobacco consumption in Albania remains one of the highest in Western Balkans (WB) based on 2015 data from the World Health Organization. This policy brief discusses a study carried out by Development Solutions Associates (DSA), and recommends procedures the government should follow in order to achieve a strategically prudent and … Read more »

Tobacco Taxation: The Global Evidence

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Workshop on Tobacco Economics in Southeastern Europe in Belgrade, Serbia, on December 11th, 2018. During the presentation, the economic costs of tobacco use (direct and indirect), impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, best practices in tobacco taxation, myths and facts … Read more »

December 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Addiction

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Annual Meetings of the Pakistan Society of Development Economists in Islamabad, Pakistan, on December 13, 2018. During the presentation, the various economic models of demand for addictive products (i.e. Standard Demand and Myopic Addiction Models), global impact of taxes and prices … Read more »

December 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Own-price, cross-price, and expenditure elasticities on sugar-sweetened beverages in Guatemala

Background The obesity epidemic is spreading rapidly in Guatemala, a low/middle income country still struggling with undernutrition. Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption is strongly associated with overweight, obesity, and non-communicable diseases. In Guatemala, SSBs are readily available and consumption is high, particularly among adolescents. SSB taxes have been proposed as a … Read more »

The impact of prices on alcoholic beverage consumption in Chile

Introduction and objective Chile is among the countries with the highest alcohol consumption per capita in Latin America, but little has been done in the way of public policy and policy research to overcome this problem. The objective of the present study is to estimate demand elasticities (own-price, cross-price, expenditure and … Read more »

November 2018

Region: Chile

Authors: Daniel Araya, Guillermo Paraje

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco Control: Increasing Taxes on Tobacco Products

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Asia-Pacific Sub-Regional Tobacco Control Leadership Program on November 6, 2018, in Bali, Indonesia. During the presentation, the economic costs of tobacco use, impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, cost-effectiveness of tobacco control, and the myths and facts on economic “costs” … Read more »

November 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxes & Government Revenues: Increasing Tobacco Taxes Significantly Will Increase Revenues

This policy brief examines the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco consumption and revenues. It shows that concerns about increases in taxes not increasing revenues are misguided; in fact, this policy brief shows that at all current levels, increases in taxes will almost always result in increases in revenues. [SPANISH] … Read more »

Tax Structures are Key in Raising Tobacco Taxes & Revenues

This policy brief examines key considerations policy makers face related to the effects of different tobacco tax structures on prices, tobacco consumption and tobacco tax revenues. It demonstrates that specific excise taxes are the best options for all countries, particularly for low-and middle-income countries where tobacco use tends to be … Read more »

Tobacco Control Policies and Employment

This policy brief discusses the impact of tobacco control policies on employment, based on trends and empirical evidence. The discussion is mainly based on the U.S. NCI and WHO 2016 Monograph, “The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control.”  [SPANISH]   … Read more »

Indiana’s Tobacco Crisis Still Costs Thousands of Lives, Billions of Dollars

This infographic was published by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation, and is based on the Report on the Tobacco Epidemic in Indiana and Marion County and Effective Solutions: 2018 Update.    … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Assessing Tobacco Use in Indiana: A 2018 Update Executive Summary

This is an executive summary of the Report on the Tobacco Epidemic in Indiana and Marion County and Effective Solutions: 2018 Update.  … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Report on the Tobacco Epidemic in Indiana and Marion County and Effective Solutions: 2018 Update

This report updates and expands upon a report published by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation on September 16, 2016, entitled Report on the Tobacco Epidemic in Marion County and Indiana. Over the past two years, few major actions have been taken in Indiana to increase efforts to address tobacco. Not … Read more »

Global evidence on the effect of point-of-sale display bans on smoking prevalence

Background: Since Iceland became the first country to impose a ban on point-of-sale (POS) tobacco product displays in 2001, 20 countries have implemented POS display bans as of 2016. This study examined the effect that POS display bans have on smoking prevalence. Methods: Data were sourced from Euromonitor International and the WHO MPOWER … Read more »

Health Taxes: A Global Overview of the Evidence

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the “Sin Tax Policy Reform” session at the World Bank and International Monetary Fund Annual Meetings on October 12, 2018, in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia. During the presentation, the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugar-sweetened beverage taxes on use, consequences of use, … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Global Overview of the Effectiveness of Health Taxes

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the “Health Taxes to Help Attain the SDGs” session of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund Annual Meetings on October 10th, 2018, in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia. During the presentation, the effect of tobacco, alcohol and sugar-sweetened beverage taxes on consumption, … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Association between Point-of-Sale Advertising Bans and Cigarette Smoking

Objectives: This study provides global evidence on the association between cigarette point-of-sale (POS) advertising bans and adult cigarette smoking during 2007-2014. Methods: Data on POS advertising bans, cigarette prices, tobacco control environment, and countries’ economic conditions came from the WHO MPOWER datasets and the World Bank database. Data on annual smoking … Read more »

Tobacco taxation, illegal cigarette supply and geography

Background In Uruguay, real tobacco taxes increased significantly during 2005–2010 and 2014–2017 and decreased during 2010–2014. The effects of these tax changes on illegal and legal cigarette usage differed significantly when we compared cities in the middle and south of the country with cities on the border. Objective This paper analyses whether supply … Read more »

The Economics of Alcohol and Cancer/Chronic Disease

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the World Cancer Congress on October 2, 2018, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. During the presentation, the economic costs of excessive drinking, alcohol control policies, impact of alcohol taxes and prices, alcohol taxation globally, and economic myths and facts of taxation were discussed. … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Impact of Health Policy on Cancer Prevention

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the HKAS Symposium on Cancer Challenge on October 6, 2018, in Hong Kong, China. During the presentation, the “best buys,” or most impactful methods of prevention for cancer and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), were discussed. The principle methods of NCD prevention included: … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Attracting Funding for Cancer Prevention Using Economic and Fiscal Tools

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the World Cancer Congress on October 3, 2018, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. During this presentation, reasoning for taxing “unhealthy products,” such as sugar-sweetened beverages, alcohol, and tobacco products, were discussed. Chaloupka highlights a few examples of successful programs that do so, such … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Fiscal Policy and Health

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the World Cancer Congress on October 4, 2018, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. During this presentation, the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage taxes on use, the consequences of use, and the myths and facts about the economic impact of such taxes … Read more »

October 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The association between tobacco prices and smoking onset-Evidence from the TCP India Survey

Background: Tobacco use is prevalent among youth and adults in India. However, direct evidence on how increasing taxes or prices affect tobacco use onset is scarce. Objective: To analyze the associations between cigarette and bidi prices and smoking onset in India, and how these associations differ by socioeconomic status. Methodology: The Wave … Read more »

Accelerating Progress on Effective Tobacco Tax Policies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka on September 13th, 2018, at 12th Asia Pacific Conference on Tobacco or Health in Bali, Indonesia. During this presentation, the impact of tobacco tax increases, economic impact of tobacco control, tax avoidance and evasion and how to combat illicit trade were discussed. Lastly, … Read more »

September 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Increasing the Tobacco Tax Rate in Vietnam is Not Enough: Tobacco Tax Structures Need Reforms Too

In Vietnam in particular, conclusions can be drawn from the data that cigarettes and cigars have become increasingly affordable between the 2006-2016 time period. Thus, it has been recommended by international guidelines that tobacco products need to become less affordable to reduce their demand overtime. This policy brief discusses the … Read more »

Tobacco Taxation Can Reduce Tobacco Consumption and Help Achieve Sustainable Development Goals

Tobacconomics published a blog about this brief on 8/10/18. An extensive body of research shows that significantly increasing the taxes and prices of tobacco products is the most effective way to reduce tobacco use and its devastating health consequences. This policy brief examines the impact of tobacco use in low- and … Read more »

Best Practices for Tobacco Tax Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean

This policy brief addresses the challenges and opportunities for effectively implementing tobacco tax policy in Latin America, specifically focusing on best practices in tobacco taxation. It is based on the NCI and WHO Monograph: The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. [SPANISH] [PORTUGUESE] … Read more »

Progress in Tobacco Taxation: The Case of Argentina

Abstract: In May 2016, the executive branch of the Government of Argentina ratified Decree 626, which raised domestic taxes on cigarettes from 60% to 75%, amounting to a 50% increase in their average retail price. This measure was promoted by Argentina’s InterAmerican Heart Foundation (FIC Argentina) through a strategy that … Read more »

July 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Germán Rodriguez-Iglesias

Project: List of All Research

Indiana’s Tobacco Control Efforts Woefully Underfunded- Infographic

This infographic was published in June 2018, and discusses the findings from the report released by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation and written by Frank Chaloupka and John Tauras about Indiana’s spending on tobacco control efforts. … Read more »

The Cost of Indiana’s Smoking Crisis

This brief was published by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation in June 2018. The brief discussed the state of smoking rates and tobacco control in Indiana, and suggestions for improvements concluded by a recent report published by the Foundation based on the CDC’s recommendations. … Read more »

Study: Indiana’s Tobacco Control Efforts Woefully Underfunded

This media release was published on June 5th, 2018, and discusses the findings from the report released by the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation and written by Frank Chaloupka and John Tauras about Indiana’s spending on tobacco control efforts. … Read more »

Tobacco Control Program Funding in Indiana: A Critical Assessment

This report was written by Frank Chaloupka and John Tauras to the Richard M. Fairbanks Foundation, published on May 29, 2018. The report assessed Indiana’s annual spending on tobacco control efforts, and recommends an overall increase in spending based on the CDC’s  Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs.  … Read more »

Building Capacity for Tobacco Research in Romania

Tobacconomics published a report about this monograph on 11/22/2016. The monograph reviews key research findings from the project “Building Capacity for Tobacco Research in Romania: A Partnership among Romanian, American and Hungarian Scientists, “funded by the National Institutes of Science Health, USA, 2012-2017. The project included multiple subprojects addressing issues related to tobacco prevention and cessation, … Read more »

May 2018

Region: Global

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Association between tax structure and cigarette consumption: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project

Background: Recent studies show that greater price variability and more opportunities for tax avoidance are associated with tax structures that depart from a specific uniform one. These findings indicate that tax structures other than a specific uniform one may lead to more cigarette consumption. Objective: This paper aims to examine how cigarette tax … Read more »

Research on Tobacco Taxation

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the South Eastern Europe Tobacco Tax Workshop in Warsaw, Poland, on May 10, 2018. The presentation discusses tobacco taxes, prices, and their effect on tobacco use globally. In addition, the findings from various projects, such as the ITC Project and Tobacconomics, discuss … Read more »

May 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Importance of Economic Data for Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Workshop on Tobacco Economics for Central and Eastern Europe at the Marie Curie Institute in Warsaw, Poland, on May 8, 2018. The economic costs of tobacco use, impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, cost-effectiveness of tobacco control, and the myths … Read more »

May 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Association between Tax Structures and the Price Variability of Alcoholic Beverages in the United States

Background: Recent tobacco taxation research suggests that excise tax structure plays an important role in the effectiveness of increasing taxes in reducing consumption. However, evidence on excise tax structures of alcoholic beverages is scarce. Methods: We linked price variability measures for beer, wine, and liquor derived using Economist Intelligence Unit city … Read more »

Generating Revenue & Cutting Costs- The Health & Economic Benefits of “Sin” Taxes

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Harvard Ministerial Leadership Program on April 24, 2018, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. During this presentation, the health and economic impact of non-communicable diseases, and the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary drink taxes on use and consequences of use were discusses. In … Read more »

May 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Commodity Taxes: Experiences with Tobacco and Alcohol Taxation

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the NAS Tax Policy Webinar on Commodity Taxes on April 30, 2018. The presentation discusses the impact of tobacco and alcohol taxes and prices on use and consequences, as well as compares/contrasts alcohol and tobacco taxes at the state level as a … Read more »

May 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

A comprehensive examination of own- and cross-price elasticities of tobacco and nicotine replacement products in the U.S.

Abstract: While much is known about the demand for cigarettes, research on the demand for non-cigarette tobacco products and the cross-price impacts among those products is limited. This study aims to comprehensively examine the own- and cross-price elasticities of demand for tobacco and nicotine replacement products (NRPs) in the U.S. We analyzed market-level … Read more »

Tobacco Products Are Becoming Increasingly Affordable in Bangladesh

Tobacconomics published a blog about this brief on 4/26/2018. This brief is based on a  recently published research paper examining affordability trends of cigarettes, bidis and smokeless tobacco products in Bangladesh, which is a country that graduated from low-income to lower middle-income status in 2015. This policy brief discusses the importance … Read more »

April 2018

Region: Global

Authors:

Project: International Tobacco Control Policy Survey

State tobacco control expenditures and tax paid cigarette sales

Tobacconomics published a blog about this paper on 4/25/18 Abstract: This research is the first nationally representative study to examine the relationship between actual state-level tobacco control spending in each of the 5 CDC’s Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program categories and cigarette sales. We employed several alternative two-way fixed-effects regression … Read more »

Trend in the affordability of tobacco products in Bangladesh: findings from the ITC Bangladesh Surveys

Tobacconomics published a blog about this paper on 4/26/18. Tobacconomics published a Policy Brief about this paper on 4/26/18. Background: The price of tobacco products in relation to the income of tobacco users—affordability—is recognised as a key determinant of tobacco use behaviour. The effectiveness of a price increase as a deterrent to … Read more »

The Association between Potential Exposure to Magazine Ads with Voluntary Health Warnings and the Perceived Harmfulness of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS)

Tobacconomics published a blog about this paper on 4/30/18. Background: Several brands of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) carry voluntary health warning messages. This study examined how potential exposure to ENDS magazine ads with these voluntary health warnings were associated with the perceived harmfulness of ENDS. Methods: Risk perception measures and self-reported … Read more »

Global Evidence on the Association between Cigarette Graphic Warning Labels and Cigarette Smoking Prevalence and Consumption

Tobacconomics published a blog about this paper on 4/5/18.  Background: In 2011, the courts ruled in favor of tobacco companies in preventing the implementation of graphic warning labels (GWLs) in the US, stating that FDA had not established the effectiveness of GWLs in reducing smoking. Methods: Data came from various sources: the … Read more »

Tobacco Taxation: Global/Regional Evidence and Ongoing Debates

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the seminar about Accelerating Effective Tobacco Taxes in Latin America on March 21, 2018, in Montevideo, Uruguay. During this presentation, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, economic impact of tobacco use, the myths and facts of the economic impact of … Read more »

April 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Raising Revenue & Cutting Costs: Excise Taxes & Health

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean session at the XXX Regional Fiscal Policy Seminar on March 27, 2018, in Santiago, Chile. Throughout the presentation, the health and economic impact of non-communicable diseases, the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary … Read more »

April 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

‘No, the government doesn’t need to, it’s already self-regulated’: a qualitative study among vape shop operators on perceptions of electronic vapor product regulation

Abstract: While the market share of electronic vapor products (EVPs), sold primarily through vape shops and other outlets, has increased rapidly, these products remained largely unregulated until 2016. This study, conducted prior to announcement of the deeming regulations, provides insights into vape shop operator attitudes toward potential government regulations of … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control in Latin America

This policy brief discusses the challenges and opportunities for comprehensive tobacco control policies in Latin America, paying special attention on tobacco taxes. These findings are largely based upon the U.S. National Cancer Institute & World Health Organization’s The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, 2016. [SPANISH] [PORTUGUESE] … Read more »

Monitoring of Illicit Trade

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the World Conference on Tobacco or Health session on “Tobacco Control Monitoring- More than Measuring Tobacco Use” on March 7th, 2018, in Cape Town, South Africa. During this presentation, the misuse and the overstated extent of illicit trade, methods to measure the … Read more »

March 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco Control in Latin America: Highlights and Gaps

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the session “Building the Case for Increasing Taxes in Latin America and the Caribbean” at the World Conference on Tobacco or Health on March 8, 2018, in Cape Town, South Africa. During this session, the economic costs of tobacco use, tobacco taxes … Read more »

March 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Evidence for Tax and Price Measures

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Economics of Tobacco Control Workshop on March 6, 2018, at the World Conference on Tobacco or Health in Cape Town, South Africa. This presentation discusses the impact of tobacco taxes and prices on tobacco use, best practices in tobacco taxation, and … Read more »

March 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco & Poverty

This policy brief investigates how tobacco use makes the poor poorer and how tobacco tax increases can improve the distributional consequences of tobacco use. The findings in this brief are primarily based on the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) & World Health Organization (WHO) Monograph on The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco … Read more »

Alcohol and Sugary Drink Taxation

  This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Latin American Network on Tobacco Tax Policy for Tobacco Control on February 7, 2018, in Washington DC. The focus of this presentation was on alcohol and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes and their effect on prices, consumption, diet and weight. Rationale … Read more »

February 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxes are Good for Health and Good for Public Finance: Global and Regional Evidence

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Latin American Network on Tobacco Tax Policy for Tobacco Control in Washington, DC on February 5, 2018. The economic impact of higher tobacco taxes on tobacco use, cessation for youths and adults, and tax revenues was discussed. In addition, the … Read more »

February 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Global Evidence to Refute Key Arguments Against Tobacco Taxation

This presentation was given by German Rodriguez-Iglesias at the Training on Economics of Tobacco Control for Researchers and Practitioners in Latin America and the Caribbean in Washington, DC on February 5, 2018. This presentation discusses the key arguments against tobacco taxation, including the link between price and consumption of cigarettes, … Read more »

February 2018

Region: Global

Authors: Germán Rodriguez-Iglesias, MSc

Project: List of All Research

Fiscal Policy and Health

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on January 24, 2018, in Baltimore, Maryland. This presentation discusses the health and economic impact of non-communicable diseases, the impact and consequences of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage taxes on use, and the … Read more »

January 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Alcohol Control

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth on January 24, 2018, in Baltimore, Maryland. The presentation reviews the impact and consequences of alcohol and tobacco taxes on use, compares and contrasts alcohol and tobacco taxes, explores … Read more »

January 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Cigarette Smuggling in Response to Large Tax Increase in Indiana is Greatly Exaggerated – Policy Brief

Policy brief for report: “Cigarette Smuggling in Response to Large Tax Increase in Indiana is Greatly Exaggerated” … Read more »

January 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Cigarette Smuggling in Response to Large Tax Increase in Indiana is Greatly Exaggerated

Indiana, like other states, has enjoyed substantial new revenue each time it has raised its cigarette tax rate, followed by years of higher revenue levels. However, concerns about increased tax avoidance and evasion have deterred the state from implementing large increases in its cigarette and other tobacco taxes. In a … Read more »

January 2018

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

State Tobacco Tax Increases: Explanations and Sources for Projections of New Revenues & Benefits

The economic model developed jointly by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network, and Tobacconomics projects the increase in state revenues, public health benefits, and health care cost savings resulting from increases in state cigarette tax rates. The projections are updated annually. Calculations are based on … Read more »

Cigarette Smuggling in Response to Large Tax Increase In Indiana is Greatly Exaggerated

This report refutes the standard tobacco industry argument that increasing tobacco taxes results in increased cigarette smuggling with data from tax increases over the last decade in Indiana, USA. … Read more »

November 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Tax Increases Remain Most Effective Policy for Reducing Tobacco Use

This brief reviews the evidence that confirms that tobacco taxes are still the most effective policy for reducing tobacco use. … Read more »

November 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Impact of Flavor, Device Type and Warning Messages on Youth Preferences for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems: Evidence from an Online Discrete Choice Experiment

Objective: To examine the impact of flavour, device type and health warning messages on youth preference for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and to provide evidence and data to inform the Food and Drug Administration’s potential regulatory actions on ENDS. Design: An online discrete choice experiment was conducted in September 2015. Each participant … Read more »

November 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Ce Shang, Jidong Huang, Frank J. Chaloupka, Sherry L. Emery

Project: List of All Research

Note: tobaccocontrol.bmj.com requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to tobaccocontrol.bmj.com, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

The Association between State Value-added Taxes and Tobacco Use in India: Evidence from GATS and TCP India Survey

Introduction: State value-added taxes (VAT) on tobacco products have been increased significantly in recent years in India. Evidence on how these VATs were associated with smoking is highly needed. Methods: State bidi and cigarette VAT rates were linked to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) India 2009–2010 and Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) India Survey … Read more »

August 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Ce Shang, Frank J. Chaloupka, Geoffrey T. Fong, Prakash C. Gupta, Mangesh S. Pednekar

Project: List of All Research

Note: academic.oup.com requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to academic.oup.com, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

Recommendations for the Implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Article 14 on Tobacco Cessation Support

Article 14 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends provision of evidence-based support for tobacco cessation. However, it is being implemented very slowly inmost countries, so that by 2014 only a small minority of the world’s tobacco users had access to appropriate cessation support, according to the World Health … Read more »

Tobacco Economy, Globalization, and the FCTC Plenary: The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Latin American and Caribbean Conference on Tobacco or Health in a June 14, 2017, plenary session titled Tobacco Economy, Globalization, and the FCTC. The presentation reviews the major conclusions and key findings of each chapter of the NCI/WHO monograph, The … Read more »

June 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

CTCA & NCI Webinar for Monograph 21: The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control

This presentation, given by Frank J. Chaloupka, accompanied a June 14, 2017, webinar hosted by the Center for Tobacco Control in Africa and the US National Cancer Institute (NCI). The presentation reviews the major conclusions of the NCI/World Health Organization’s monograph on the economics of tobacco and tobacco control. … Read more »

June 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Effect of MPOWER Scores on Cigarette Smoking Prevalence and Consumption

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the MPOWER package to support policy implementation under the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This study examined the effect of MPOWER policies on smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption in a global context. Methods: The MPOWER composite score was constructed by adding up the six … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco Control: Increasing Taxes on Tobacco Products

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health South Asian Tobacco Control Leadership Program on 10 May 2017, in Kathmandu, Nepal.  The presentation describes the economic costs of tobacco use, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, myths & facts on the … Read more »

May 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxation in the Era of the Sustainable Development Goals

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the High Level Meeting on Tobacco Tax and Sustainable Development on 10 May 2017, in Kathmandu, Nepal.  It provides an overview of how tobacco taxation can contribute to sustainable development and the intersections of the goals of reducing tobacco use and achieving sustainable … Read more »

May 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation: Global Evidence and Implications for Indonesia

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka at the Customs and Excise Directorate General, Ministry of Finance, in Jakarta, Indonesia, on April 5, 2017. The presentation covers the economic costs of tobacco use, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, myths & facts on the economic “costs” of … Read more »

April 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control: Global Evidence and Implications for the Republic of Korea

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka at the International Symposium on Tobacco Control: An Evaluation and the Way Forward on March 28, 2017, in Seoul, Republic of Korea.  The presentation covers the economic costs of tobacco use, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, myths & … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Making the Case for Higher Tobacco Taxes in Europe

This presentation was given by Hana Ross at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 9, 2017.  The presentation reviews the evidence on smoking prevalence, tax and price, and illicit cigarette trade in Europe. … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross

Project: List of All Research

The Effect of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on Casino Admissions and Revenue

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 10, 2017.  The presentation reviews the evidence on how smoke-free air laws impact casino revenues and concludes with a study of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economic Impact of Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 9, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of the main conclusions of the NCI & WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, of … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

El Uso de Instrumentos Fiscales para Incentivar Comportamientos Saludables: Los Casos de Tobaco y Bebidas

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Congreso de Investigación en Salud Pública in Cuernacava, Mexico, on March 3, 2017.  The presentation describes how fiscal policies can be used to incentivize healthy behaviors, through the examples of tobacco and soda taxes. … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation in Oklahoma

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Oklahoma Hospital Association in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on March 1, 2017. The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

March 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation in Oklahoma

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the University of Oklahoma’s Stephenson Cancer Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on February 28, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Oklahoma Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

This report outlines what Oklahoma could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report. … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

Raising Tobacco Taxes: A Summary of Evidence from the NCI-WHO Monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Jeremias N. Paul Jr., the Coordinator of Tobacco Control Economics at the World Health Organization (WHO), at the World Bank on February 27, 2017.  The presentation provides a summary of evidence from the NCI/WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Jeremias N. Paul Jr.

Project: List of All Research

NCI’s Tobacco Control Monograph Series

This presentation was given by Michele Bloch to the World Bank Group on February 27, 2017. It reviews the work of the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Tobacco Control Research Branch up to and including the January 2017 NCI/WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Michele Bloch

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control Beyond Taxation

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the World Bank on February 27, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of the major conclusions of the NCI/WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Big Idea: Tobacco Taxation 101

Dr. Chaloupka was interviewed by Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Jo Birckmayer on February 23, 2017, in New York City.  This was Bloomberg Philanthropies’ first Facebook LIVE episode in a new series called The … Read more »

February 2017

Region: Global

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Using Fiscal Policy to Prevent Non-Communicable Diseases

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the University of Illinois at Chicago’s School of Public Health in Chicago, Illinois, on February 10, 2017.  The presentation covers the health and economic impacts of non-communicable diseases; the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage taxes on use and consequences … Read more »

February 2017

Regions: Domestic / Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Impact of Sugary Beverage Taxes

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka as testimony at the Sugary Beverage Tax Public Hearing of the Standing Committee on Finance and Portfolio Committee on Health in Cape Town, South Africa, on January 31, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of Mexico’s experience with their sugary beverage tax, general arguments about … Read more »

January 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Evidencia Global Sobre la Fiscalidad del Tabaco

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Red Intersectorial LatinoAmericana de Politica Fiscal para Control de Tabaco in San Jose, Costa Rica, on January 25, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of the benefits of tobacco taxes, the earmarking of tobacco tax revenues for health promotion and prevention, … Read more »

January 2017

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Wyoming Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Wyoming as of 2015. … Read more »

Wisconsin Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Wisconsin as of 2015. … Read more »

Washington Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Washington as of 2015. … Read more »

Utah Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Utah as of 2015. … Read more »

South Dakota Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of South Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

Oregon Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Oregon as of 2015. … Read more »

Oklahoma Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Oklahoma as of 2015. … Read more »

North Dakota Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of North Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

New York Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of New York as of 2015. … Read more »

New Mexico Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of New Mexico as of 2015. … Read more »

Nevada Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Nevada as of 2015. … Read more »

Nebraska Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Nebraska as of 2015. … Read more »

Montana Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Montana as of 2015. … Read more »

Minnesota Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Minnesota as of 2015. … Read more »

Michigan Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Michigan as of 2015. … Read more »

Iowa Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Iowa as of 2015. … Read more »

Idaho Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Idaho as of 2015. … Read more »

Florida Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Florida as of 2015. … Read more »

Arizona Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Arizona as of 2015. … Read more »

Alaska Tobacco Product Tribal Sales State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Alaska as of 2015. … Read more »

How to Read the State Profile Pages – Tribal Tobacco Sales

This document explains how to read the state profile pages that complement the chartbook State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015. … Read more »

State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales Data File and Codebook

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 20 states with laws pertaining to on-reservation tobacco sales examined in the companion chartbook, State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015. The data files are available in two formats, Microsoft Excel and STATA version … Read more »

How to Read the Local Profile Pages – Minimum Pricing Laws

This document explains how to read the local profile pages that complement the chartbook Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. … Read more »

How to Read the State Profile Pages – Minimum Pricing Laws

This document explains how to read the state profile pages that complement the chartbook Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. … Read more »

Providence, Rhode Island, Minimum Pricing Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in Providence, Rhode Island, as of 2015. … Read more »

New York City, New York, Minimum Pricing Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in New York City as of 2015. … Read more »

Wisconsin Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Wisconsin as of 2015. … Read more »

West Virginia Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of West Virginia as of 2015. … Read more »

Washington Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Washington as of 2015. … Read more »

Tennessee Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Tennessee as of 2015. … Read more »

South Dakota Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of South Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

Rhode Island Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Rhode Island as of 2015. … Read more »

Pennsylvania Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Pennsylvania as of 2015. … Read more »

Oklahoma Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Oklahoma as of 2015. … Read more »

Ohio Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Ohio as of 2015. … Read more »

New York Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of New York as of 2015. … Read more »

New Jersey Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of New Jersey as of 2015. … Read more »

Nevada Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Nevada as of 2015. … Read more »

Nebraska Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Nebraska as of 2015. … Read more »

Montana Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Montana as of 2015. … Read more »

Mississippi Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Mississippi as of 2015. … Read more »

The Trend of Voluntary Warnings in Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Magazine Advertisements

Some manufacturers of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) voluntarily carried health warnings in their advertisements. This study examined these voluntary warnings in magazine ads and plotted their trends between 2012 and early 2015. ENDS magazine ads were obtained through Kantar media and warnings were collected from the Chicago Public Library … Read more »

NCI & WHO Monograph: The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control

Tobacconomics team members were the scientific editors and co-authors of this monograph, a collaboration between the National Cancer Institute and the World Health Organization. The report examines the current research and evidence base surrounding the economics of tobacco control—including tobacco use, tobacco growing, manufacturing and trade, tobacco product taxes and … Read more »

NCI & WHO Monograph: The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control – Individual Chapters

Tobacconomics team members were the scientific editors and co-authors of this monograph, a collaboration between the National Cancer Institute and the World Health Organization. The report examines the current research and evidence base surrounding the economics of tobacco control—including tobacco use, tobacco growing, manufacturing and trade, tobacco product taxes and … Read more »

Influence of the Flavored Cigarette Ban on Adolescent Tobacco Use

Introduction: This paper estimated the association between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s 2009 ban on flavored cigarettes (which did not apply to menthol cigarettes or tobacco products besides cigarettes) and adolescents’ tobacco use. Methods: Regression modeling was used to evaluate tobacco use before and after the ban. The analyses controlled for … Read more »

January 2017

Region: Domestic

Authors: Charles J. Courtemanche, Makayla K. Palmer, Michael F. Pesko

Project: List of All Research

Note: ajpmonline.org requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to ajpmonline.org, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

Minnesota Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Minnesota as of 2015. … Read more »

Massachusetts Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Massachusetts as of 2015. … Read more »

Maryland Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Maryland as of 2015. … Read more »

Maine Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Maine as of 2015. … Read more »

Louisiana Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Louisiana as of 2015. … Read more »

Iowa Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Iowa as of 2015. … Read more »

Indiana Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Indiana as of 2015. … Read more »

Idaho Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Idaho as of 2015. … Read more »

Colorado Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Colorado as of 2015. … Read more »

California Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of California as of 2015. … Read more »

Arkansas Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Arkansas as of 2015. … Read more »

Alaska Tobacco Product Minimum Pricing State Fact Sheet, 2015

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Alaska as of 2015. … Read more »

State Tobacco Pricing Laws Data File and Codebook

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 27 states and two localities that have cigarette and, where applicable, other tobacco product minimum pricing policies as of 2015 examined in the companion chartbook, Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. The data files are available in … Read more »

Analysis of Cigarette Demand in Argentina: The Impact of Price Changes on Consumption and Government Revenues

Objective: To estimate cigarette demand and to simulate a tax policy targeted to reduce tobacco consumption. Materials and Methods: Demand was estimated using a vector error correction model. Simulation exercises present the impact of a tax increase on consumption and revenues. Results: Changes in real income and the real price of cigarettes affect the demand … Read more »

Companion Slides for Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint (.pptx) format. … Read more »

Companion Slides for State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint … Read more »

Total Cigarette Markup across Standard Distribution Chain in Pricing States, 2015

This fact sheet documents the markup rates for cigarettes across all distributing parties in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Policy Factors That Decrease the Base Cost of Cigarettes in Pricing States, 2015

This fact sheet documents the policy factors that decrease the base cost of cigarettes in minimum pricing policy states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

Policy Factors That Increase the Base Cost of Cigarettes in Pricing States, 2015

This fact sheet documents the policy factors that increase the base cost of cigarettes in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Minimum Pricing or Markup Rates for Cigarettes across All Possible Parties in Pricing States, 2015

This fact sheet documents the markup rates (or minimum price laws) for cigarettes across all distributing parties in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Common Strategies for Regulating Tobacco Sales on Tribal Lands — National Overview, 2015

This fact sheet documents the use of four key strategies used to regulate on-reservation tobacco taxation and sales policies in tribal states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Tribal State Strategies for Regulating Tobacco Sales on Tribal Lands, 2005 vs. 2015

This fact sheet documents the tobacco tax laws in tribal states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

Use of Tobacco Stamps for On-Reservation Tobacco Sales in Tribal States, 2015

This fact sheet documents the tobacco tax stamp laws in tribal states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015

This chartbook provides a detailed overview of sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and other tobacco products (“OTP”) on tribal reservations in the 20 states with laws pertaining to on-reservation tobacco sales and taxation (“tribal states”) in effect as of January 1, 2015. It illustrates the state-by-state tribal sales laws for … Read more »

Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015

This chartbook reviews strategies incorporated into state law to control tobacco product pricing. It includes a national overview, highlights notable trends and opportunities, and provides detailed state profiles and data comparing all 27 states and two localities with such policies. This chartbook demonstrates the wide variation in how states regulate … Read more »

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Indiana Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

This fact sheet outlines what Indiana could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. … Read more »

December 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxation in Romania

This fact sheet was designed to complement a report launched at a meeting at the Parliament Palace in Bucharest, Romania, on November 22, 2016.  The fact sheet provides a brief review of tobacco taxation in Romania. It describes tobacco use and its consequences in Romania, tobacco tax structure and revenues, and cigarette prices. The … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Romania

This report, launched at a meeting at the Parliament Palace in Bucharest, Romania, on November 22, 2016, provides a comprehensive overview of the economics of tobacco and tobacco taxation in Romania. It reviews tobacco use and its consequences in Romania, the supply of tobacco and tobacco products, tobacco control, tobacco … Read more »

Using Fiscal Policy to Prevent Non-Communicable Diseases

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg, South Africa, on November 14, 2016. The presentation covers the following topics: Health & economic impact of non-communicable diseases Rationale for taxation to address NCDs Impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage … Read more »

November 2016

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Employment Impact of Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugary Beverage Taxes

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the National Treasury Consultation on Taxation of Sugary Beverages in Midrand, South Africa, on November 11, 2016.  The presentation opens with general arguments about the employment impact of sin taxes and then reviews the empirical evidence on tobacco, sugary beverages, and alcoholic … Read more »

November 2016

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Effect of Tobacco Control Policies on US Smokeless Tobacco Use: A Structured Review

Introduction: Tobacco use has shifted increasingly from cigarettes to other products. While the focus has been mostly on cigarette-oriented policies, it is important to gauge the effects of policies targeting other products. We review and critique the literature on how policies affect smokeless tobacco (ST). Methods: We conducted a search of … Read more »

Estimating Cigarette Tax Avoidance and Evasion: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Packs

Introduction: A number of recent studies document the proportion of all cigarette packs that are ‘contraband’ using discarded packs to measure tax avoidance and evasion, which we call tax non-compliance. To date, academic studies using discarded packs focused on relatively small geographical areas such as a city or a neighbourhood. Methods: … Read more »

Association between Use of Flavoured Tobacco Products and Quit Behaviours: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adult Tobacco Users

Background: Non-menthol characterising flavours (eg, fruit, candy) are banned in cigarettes, yet are still permitted in non-cigarette tobacco (NCT) products. This study examined associations between first use and current use of flavoured tobacco products, and current flavoured tobacco use and quit behaviours. Methods: A nationally representative, telephone-based survey completed in 2012 … Read more »

Do State Minimum Markup/Price Laws Work? Evidence from Retail Scanner Data and TUS-CPS

Background: Minimum markup/price laws (MPLs) have been proposed as an alternative non-tax pricing strategy to reduce tobacco use and access. However, the empirical evidence on the effectiveness of MPLs in increasing cigarette prices is very limited. This study aims to fill this critical gap by examining the association between MPLs … Read more »

The Economics of Smoking: Dispelling the Myths

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Summit on Creation of a Tobacco Endgame for Canada in Kingston, Ontario, on September 30, 2016. The presentation covers tax, price, and tobacco use; the economic impact of tobacco use; and the economic impact of tobacco control. It dispels myths related … Read more »

September 2016

Regions: Domestic / Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Optimizing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies for Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the NAAG Master Settlement Agreement Triennial Conference in Portland, Maine, on September 20, 2016. The presentation details the impact of tax and price on tobacco use. It also covers optimizing tobacco taxation, including: curbing tax avoidance and evasion; implementing pack markings, licensing, and … Read more »

September 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Effect of Cigarette Prices on Smoking Initiation and Cessation in China: A Duration Analysis

Background: China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of cigarettes. The status of tobacco as both a contributor to China’s economy and a liability for the health of its population may complicate the use of taxes for addressing smoking in the country. Understanding how cigarette prices affect transitions in … Read more »

September 2016

Region: Global

Authors: Deliana Kostova, Muhammad J. Husain, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Note: tobaccocontrol.bmj.com requires a paid subscription

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Prices, Taxes, and the Demand for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco – Europe Annual Meeting in Prague, Czech Republic, on September 8, 2016. The presentation covers demand for e-cigarettes, including the effects of prices on e-cigarette demand and cross-price and other effects. It also covers … Read more »

September 2016

Regions: Domestic / Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Relative Tax Rates, Proximity and Cigarette Tax Noncompliance: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Cigarette Packs

We analyze data about cigarette tax compliance from the first national scale littered cigarette packs collection. We code each pack based on whether an appropriate tax had been paid at the location where it was found. Noncompliance across our 132 sample communities ranges from zero to one hundred percent with an appropriately weighted … Read more »

Prices for Tobacco and Nontobacco Products in Pharmacies Versus Other Stores: Results From Retail Marketing Surveillance in California and in the United States

Objectives: To examine disparities in the price of tobacco and nontobacco products in pharmacies compared with other types of stores. Methods: We recorded the prices of Marlboro, Newport, the cheapest cigarettes, and bottled water in a random sample of licensed tobacco retailers (n = 579) in California in 2014. We collected comparable data from retailers … Read more »

August 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Lisa Henriksen, Nina C. Schleicher, Dianne C. Barker, Yawen Liu, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Note: ajph.aphapublications.org requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to ajph.aphapublications.org, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

Common State Mechanisms Regulating Tribal Tobacco Taxation and Sales, the USA, 2015

Background: Native American tribes, as sovereign nations, are exempt from state tobacco excise taxation, and self-govern on-reservation activity in the USA. Under Federal law, state excise taxes are owed by non-members purchasing tobacco on tribal land, but states are limited in how they enforce or collect these taxes. This study … Read more »

The Effect of Cigarette Prices on Cigarette Sales: Exploring the Heterogeneity in Price Elasticities at High and Low Prices

Numerous studies have examined the effect of cigarette prices on cigarette consumption. These studies either evaluate the price elasticity of demand for each observation and report the average price elasticity across all observations or report the price elasticity of demand at the mean of the price variable. Policy makers rely on these average … Read more »

The Influence of Geography and Measurement in Estimating Cigarette Price Responsiveness

We use data from the 2006–07 and 2010–11 waves of the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey to calculate cigarette price elasticities that compensate for within-state cigarette prices. We use four state-level cigarette price measures and two sub-state-level cigarette price measures. One of the local price measures allows for tax avoidance-related … Read more »

Prices and E-Cigarette Demand: Evidence from the European Union

Introduction: Many European Union (EU) Member States have expressed the need for EU legislation to clarify the issue of e-cigarette taxation, but the economic evidence to inform creation of such policies has been lacking. To date, only one study – on the U.S. only – has examined responsiveness of e-cigarette … Read more »

May 2016

Region: Global

Authors: Michal Stoklosa, Jeffrey Drope, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Note: ntr.oxfordjournals.org requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to ntr.oxfordjournals.org, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

The Trend in Affordability of Tobacco Products in Bangladesh 2009–2015: Evidence from ITC Bangladesh Surveys

This study uses nationally representative individual level cohort data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh Survey, conducted in four waves in 2009, 2010, 2011‐12 and 2014‐15, to measure the affordability of tobacco products in terms of Relative Income Price (RIP). The study shows that tobacco products are becoming more affordable … Read more »

Smoking Status and Subjective Well-Being

Background/aims: A debate is currently underway about the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) methods for evaluating antitobacco regulation. In particular, the US government requires a cost-benefit analysis for significant new regulations, which has led the FDA to consider potential lost subjective well-being (SWB) of ex-smokers as a cost of any … Read more »

Smokeless Tobacco Pricing Strategies and Policies

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the 8th National Summit on Smokeless and Spit Tobacco in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on April 20, 2016.  It reviews state taxation of other tobacco products, the impact of tax structure on price, and the impact of taxes and prices on smokeless … Read more »

April 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Generating Revenue & Cutting Costs — The Health & Economic Benefits of Tobacco Control

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Ministerial Leadership in Health Forum at Harvard University on April 19, 2016.  The presentation provides an overview of the health and economic consequences of tobacco use and tobacco taxation. … Read more »

April 2016

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Global Evidence on the Association between POS Advertising Bans and Youth Smoking Participation

Background: Point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising has been linked to youth smoking susceptibility and experimental smoking. However, there is limited evidence of the association between POS advertising bans and youth smoking participation. This study aims to examine how such bans are associated with current smoking, daily smoking, and regular smoking (≥1 … Read more »

Optimizing the Public Health Impact of Tobacco Taxes

This keynote presentation was given by Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka at the opening of the annual meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco on March 2, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. … Read more »

March 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

E-Cigarette Taxation: Potential Impact & Options

This presentation, given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Frank J. Chaloupka on March 5, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois, addresses the demand for e-cigarettes, the effects of prices on e-cigarette demand, options for ENDS Taxation, and potential e-cigarette tax revenues. … Read more »

March 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Graphic Warning Labels and the Cost Savings from Reduced Secondhand Smoke Exposure

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Kai-Wen Cheng on March 4, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. This study quantifies the national medical care cost and other cost savings from the reductions in secondhand smoke that will arise if graphic warning labels are … Read more »

Graphic Warning Labels and the Cost Savings from Reduced Smoking Among Pregnant Women

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Kai-Wen Cheng on March 4, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois.  The study quantifies the national medical care cost and other cost savings from the reductions in prenatal smoking that will arise if graphic warning … Read more »

Implementation and Outcomes of a National Policy to Reduce Tobacco Retail Density in Hungary

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Jozsef Bodrogi on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study reviews the implementation and outcomes of a national policy to reduce tobacco retail density in Hungary. … Read more »

Estimation of Different Price Elasticities of Cigarettes in Romania

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Ede Lázár on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. Using data from the 2011 Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in Romania, we found that higher cigarette prices are associated with reduced cigarette consumption among smokers, … Read more »

The Relationship Between Use of Flavored Tobacco Products and Quit Attempts: Findings from a Survey of U.S. Adult Tobacco Users

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Danielle Smith on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study examined associations between first use and current use of flavored tobacco products as well as associations between current flavored tobacco use and … Read more »

The Impact of Governmental Policies and Multinational Tobacco Company Practices on Tobacco Farming in Romania

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Árpád Szabó on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The researchers conducted a qualitative study of current tobacco farming and production policies and practices to evaluate the impact of these policies and practices on tobacco … Read more »

Pharmacies Sell Cigarettes Cheaper: Results from Retail Marketing Surveillance in State and National Samples

This presentation was given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Lisa Henriksen on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. In two large representative samples of tobacco retailers, the researchers compared prices for tobacco and non-tobacco products in pharmacies with other types of tobacco … Read more »

Vape Store Operators’ Take on Vaping Policies ― Qualitative Study

This poster presentation was given by Pratibha Nayak at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study sought to (a) provide insights into barriers to implementation of current and future proposed FDA regulations on ENDS and, (b) how it … Read more »

Evaluating Implementation of Chicago’s City Ordinance Restricting Sales of Flavored Tobacco Products Near Schools

This presentation was given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Sandy Slater on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois.  It describes a study that uses data collected from retail store observation audits to determine whether product availability, placement, promotion, and price of all tobacco products has … Read more »

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Louisiana Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

This report outlines what Louisiana could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report. … Read more »

February 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

How State Laws Preempting Local Authority to Reduce Youth Access to Tobacco Products Adversely Impact Health

Laws that restrict youth access to tobacco products can effectively reduce tobacco use among youth. Unfortunately, some local jurisdictions lack the legal authority to enact “youth access” laws because of preemption. Preemption is the invalidation of one jurisdiction’s law by the law of a higher jurisdiction, and it can prevent local … Read more »

How State Preemption of Local Smokefree Air Laws Adversely Impacts Quitting

Comprehensive smokefree air laws can effectively reduce the burden of tobacco by prohibiting smoking in places like worksites, bars, restaurants, and playgrounds. Unfortunately, some local jurisdictions lack the legal authority to enact such laws because of preemption. Preemption is the invalidation of one jurisdiction’s law by the law of a higher … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation in Oklahoma

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center and the Stephenson Cancer Center on January 28 and 29, 2016. The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

January 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Effect of Potential Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Regulations on Nicotine Product Selection

Aims: To estimate the effect of potential regulations of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among adult smokers, including increasing taxes, reducing flavour availability, and adding warning labels communicating various levels of risk. Design: We performed a discrete choice experiment (DCE) among a national sample of 1,200 adult smokers. We examined heterogeneity … Read more »

January 2016

Region: Domestic

Authors: Michael F. Pesko, Donald S. Kenkel, Hua Wang, Jenna M. Hughes

Project: List of All Research

Note: onlinelibrary.wiley.com requires a paid subscription

Please note: the download link will take you to onlinelibrary.wiley.com, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

The Association between Point-of-Sale Advertising Bans and Youth Experimental Smoking: Findings from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)

Background and Objectives: while existing research has demonstrated a positive association between exposure to point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising and youth smoking, there is limited evidence on the relationship between POS advertising restrictions and experimental smoking among youth. This study aims to fill this research gap by analyzing the association between … Read more »

Preventing and Reducing Illicit Tobacco Trade in the United States

This report was created in partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office on Smoking and Health. The purpose of the report is to provide a brief assessment of illicit tobacco trade in the United States and options at different levels of government for preventing and reducing these … Read more »

Cigarette Pricing Lowest in Black Neighborhoods: 2010–2012

This brief examines how cigarette pricing differs by the racial/ethnic composition of neighborhoods where cigarettes are sold in the United States. The analyses are based on data collected from 2010 to 2012 from 6,998 retail stores in a nationally representative sample of 468 public middle and high school enrollment areas. … Read more »

Global Hazards of Tobacco and the Benefits of Smoking Cessation and Tobacco Taxes

This chapter of the book Cancer discusses: the epidemiology of smoking-attributable diseases, smoking and cessation patterns worldwide, interventions to raise cessation rates rapidly (including tobacco taxes), cost effectiveness of tobacco control, implementation of tobacco control interventions. Read the full chapter here. … Read more »

Association Between Tobacco Prices and Tobacco Use Onset — Evidence from the TCP India Survey

This poster was presented by Ce Shang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 4, 2015. The study analyzes the association between prices of cigarettes, bidis, and chewing tobacco with tobacco use onset with any of these tobacco forms. … Read more »

Trends in the Retail Tobacco Marketplace, 1999–2012

This poster was presented by Yawen Liu at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 3, 2015. The study describes differences in product availability, promotion, price, and placement of various tobacco products in the point-of-sale environment across time. … Read more »

The Impact of Different Tax Structures on Retail Price of Other Tobacco Products

This poster was presented by Jidong Huang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 1, 2015. The study assesses the impact of tax structure changes for other tobacco products on retail prices of other tobacco products using the state-level tax structure and prices data … Read more »

Association between Tax Structures and Price Variability – Evidence from a Large Number of Countries

This poster was presented by Ce Shang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 1, 2015. The study analyzes the association between tax structures and price variability using data from many countries in order to provide evidence that can be generalized worldwide. … Read more »

November 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Ce Shang, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Cigarette Taxation in Kenya at the Crossroads: Evidence and Policy Implications

This Report analyses the facts about the economics of cigarette taxation in Kenya and project the effects of recent proposed cigarette tax policy changes on tax revenue and public health. In June 2015, Kenya attempted to simplify the cigarette excise tax structure by introducing a uniform specific rate of KShs. 2500 … Read more »

Tobacco Control Is Smart Economics (Amongst Other Things)

In Perth for the Oceania Tobacco Control Conference 2015, Dr. Chaloupka was interviewed on Periscope by Marie McInerney of Croakey News.  In the interview, they discuss current issues in the economics of tobacco control, including: fallacies of economic arguments made by tobacco companies examples of countries that have excelled at … Read more »

October 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Editorial: Congress Must Not Weaken Nation’s Fight Against Tobacco

While the U.S. has made much progress in reducing tobacco use, two bills approved by the House Appropriations Committee threaten to reverse advances that have been made in recent years. The Hill published an editorial from Dr. Chaloupka urging Congress to reject the provisions.  Read the full editorial here. … Read more »

October 2015

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Absolutely No Question Raising Tax on Tobacco Reduces Smoking

Amidst calls for the government of New Zealand to consider its next move on smoke-free policies, Dr. Chaloupka met with economics journalist Nadine Chalmers-Ross on New Zealand’s national television broadcaster TVNZ.  They discuss tobacco taxation, its impact on low-income populations, and other potential strategies to reduce smoking and improve health … Read more »

October 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Do Taxes Make You Healthier?

Dr. Frank Chaloupka is a distinguished professor of economics at the University of Illinois at Chicago and is an internationally respected scientist in the area of tobacco control. He is the director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on the Economics of Tobacco Control, and also a research associate … Read more »

October 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

State Non-Cigarette Tobacco Product Taxation Data File and Codebook

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia for the 11 non-cigarette tobacco products examined in the companion chartbook, Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005-2014. The data files are available in two formats, Microsoft Excel … Read more »

Companion Slides for Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005-2014

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005-2014, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint (.pptx) … Read more »

Wyoming Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Wyoming for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Wisconsin Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Wisconsin for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

West Virginia Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of West Virginia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Washington Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Washington for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Virginia Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Virginia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Vermont Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Vermont for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Utah Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Utah for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Texas Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Texas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Tennessee Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Tennessee for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

South Dakota Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of South Dakota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

South Carolina Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of South Carolina for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Rhode Island Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Rhode Island for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Pennsylvania Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Pennsylvania for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Oregon Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Oregon for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Oklahoma Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Oklahoma for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Ohio Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Ohio for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

North Dakota Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of North Dakota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

North Carolina Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of North Carolina for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

New York Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New York for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

New Mexico Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Mexico for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

New Jersey Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Jersey for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

New Hampshire Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Hampshire for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Nevada Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Nevada for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Nebraska Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Nebraska for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Montana Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Montana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Missouri Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Missouri for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Mississippi Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Mississippi for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Minnesota Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Minnesota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Michigan Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Michigan for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Massachusetts Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Massachusetts for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Maryland Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Maryland for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Maine Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Maine for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Louisiana Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Louisiana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Kentucky Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Kentucky for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Kansas Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Kansas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Iowa Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Iowa for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Indiana Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Indiana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Illinois Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Illinois for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Idaho Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005-2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Idaho for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

An Oklahoma History of Cigarette Taxation

Taxation has long been accepted as a primary policy tool for reducing tobacco use and smoking rates. The Tax Burden on Tobacco, originally published by the Tobacco Institute and now by Orzechowski & Walker Consulting, is the primary source researchers use for data on tobacco tax rates in the United … Read more »

Hawaii Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Hawaii for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005–2014

This chartbook documents how states have changed their tax rates and structures for tobacco products from 2005 to 2014—a critical decade for emerging tobacco products and tax strategies. It includes a national overview, highlights notable trends and opportunities, and provides detailed state profiles and data comparing all 50 states and the District of … Read more »

Georgia Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Georgia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Florida Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Florida for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Delaware Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Delaware for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

District of Columbia Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the District of Columbia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Connecticut Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Connecticut for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Colorado Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Colorado for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

California Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of California for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Arkansas Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Arkansas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Arizona Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Arizona for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Alaska Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Alaska for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Alabama Tobacco Product Taxation State Fact Sheet, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Alabama for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

State Snus Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in snus taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Smokeless Tobacco Product Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in smokeless tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Roll-Your-Own Tobacco Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in RYOT tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Pipe Tobacco Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in pipe tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

States with Non-Cigarette Tobacco Product Taxation as of January 1, 2014

This fact sheet documents the prevalence of taxes on 11 non-cigarette tobacco products within each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1, 2014. … Read more »

State Moist Snuff Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in moist snuff tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Little Cigar Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in little cigar taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Dry Snuff Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in dry snuff tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Dissolvable Tobacco Product Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in dissolvable tobacco product taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Cigar Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in cigar taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

State Cigarillo Taxation Laws, Selected Years 2005–2014

This fact sheet documents the variability in cigarillo taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Differential Taxes for Differential Risks—Toward Reduced Harm from Nicotine-Yielding Products

Our Perspective in the New England Journal of Medicine calls for differential taxes on cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other nicotine-yielding products based on their level of risk. Such a move could hasten reductions in cigarette use and, ultimately, the disease and deaths it causes. Read the full Perspective piece via the New England Journal of Medicine … Read more »

Sociodemographic Disparities in Local Smoke-Free Law Coverage in 10 States

Objectives: We assessed sociodemographic disparities in local 100% smoke-free laws prohibiting smoking in all indoor areas of nonhospitality worksites, restaurants, and bars in 10 states. Methods: We obtained data on local 100% smoke-free laws (US Tobacco Control Laws Database) and subcounty characteristics (2006–2010 American Community Survey) for Alabama, Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North … Read more »

July 2015

Region: Domestic

Authors: Jidong Huang, Brian A. King, Stephen D. Babb, Xin Xu, Cynthia Hallett, Maggie Hopkins

Project: List of All Research

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State Tobacco Control Program Spending — United States, 2011

For this analysis, our researchers obtained reports of state tobacco control programs’ expenditures for fiscal year 2011 for all 50 states and DC. In addition to total tobacco control expenditures, expenditure data were collected for the five program components outlined in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Best Practices report (2007): 1) … Read more »

Methodology Report for State Tobacco Control and Prevention Expenditures: FY 2008–2011

The State Tobacco Control Expenditure Database (STCED), compiled by the Health Policy Center (HPC) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), is the first national surveillance and monitoring system that collects, tracks, and reports all 50 states and the District of Columbia’s actual spending on tobacco control and prevention … Read more »

Podcast: The Economics of Tobacco Control (Part 2)

The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project), founded in 2002, systematically evaluates key policies of the WHO FCTC in 22 countries, containing more than 50% of the world’s population, 60% of the world’s smokers and 70% of the world’s tobacco users. In this podcast Corne Van Walbeek, guest editor … Read more »

Use of Tobacco Tax Stamps to Prevent and Reduce Illicit Tobacco Trade — United States, 2014

This report found that although some states have adopted one or two stamping policies, states do not take a comprehensive approach to tobacco tax stamping, which could be an important tool in reducing illicit trade and revenue loss in the U.S. Applying tax stamps to all tobacco products, and for … Read more »

Approaches for Controlling Illicit Tobacco Trade — Nine Countries and the European Union

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death and disability around the globe, contributing to six million deaths per year. Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions. This report illustrates the diversity of approaches for limiting illicit tobacco trade in a number of countries … Read more »

Measures to Control Illicit Tobacco Trade

The tobacco market, like many other markets, is subject to illegal activities, primarily related to tax evasion and counterfeiting of legal products. Since a sizable illicit tobacco market can both deprive governments of much needed revenue and undermine the effectiveness of tobacco control efforts, governments dealing with the issue have … Read more »

May 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross

Project: List of All Research

Controlling Illicit Tobacco Trade: International Experience

This report presents a series of case studies on the efforts of various governments to address illicit trade in tobacco. The countries for the case studies were selected based on meeting the following set of criteria: an explicit, and in many cases a comprehensive, effort to deal with tobacco tax … Read more »

May 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross

Project: List of All Research

Differential Responsiveness to Cigarette Price by Education and Income among Adult Urban Chinese Smokers

Background: Few studies have examined the impact of tobacco tax and price policies in China. In addition, very little is known about the differential responses to tax and price increases based on socioeconomic status in China. Objective: To estimate the conditional cigarette consumption price elasticity among adult urban smokers in China … Read more »

April 2015

Region: China

Authors: Jidong Huang, Rong Zheng, Frank J. Chaloupka, Geoffrey T. Fong, Yuan Jiang

Project: International Tobacco Control Policy Survey

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The Association between Tax Structure and Cigarette Price Variability: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project

Background: Recent studies have shown that more opportunities exist for tax avoidance when cigarette excise tax structure departs from a uniform specific structure. However, the association between tax structure and cigarette price variability has not been thoroughly studied in the existing literature. Objective: To examine how cigarette tax structure is associated with price … Read more »

April 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Ce Shang, Frank J. Chaloupka, Geoffrey T. Fong, Mary Thompson, Richard J. O'Connor

Project: International Tobacco Control Policy Survey

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The Use of Legal, Illegal, and Roll-Your-Own Cigarettes to Increasing Tobacco Excise Taxes and Comprehensive Tobacco Control Policies: Findings from the ITC Uruguay Survey

This poster, presented in March 2015 at the World Conference on Tobacco OR Health in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, explores how relative prices between three cigarette forms are associated with the choice of one form over another. Download the poster here. … Read more »

The Association between Tax Structure and Cigarette Price Variability: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project

This poster, presented at the World Conference on Tobacco OR Health in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in March 2015 examines how cigarette tax structure is associated with price variability. Download the poster here. … Read more »

Undermining Government Tax Policies: Common Strategies Employed by the Tobacco Industry in Response to Tobacco Tax Increases

(Also available in French and Spanish) The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control obligates Parties to the Treaty to implement tax and price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco. In addition to reducing demand, effective tobacco tax increases can also increase government revenue. However, because effective tobacco taxes threaten the … Read more »

March 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross, Jean Tesche

Project: List of All Research

Understanding and Measuring Cigarette Tax Avoidance and Evasion: A Methodological Guide

This guide, released at the 2015 World Conference on Tobacco OR Health, updates and expands the 13-year old World Bank Toolkit on how to estimate the scope of tobacco smuggling. It draws on the results of numerous empirical studies that tested the applicability of five methods described in the Toolkit … Read more »

March 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross

Project: List of All Research

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Kansas Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

This report outlines what Kansas could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report and briefing slides. … Read more »

The Use of Legal, Illegal, and Roll-Your-Own Cigarettes to Increasing Tobacco Excise Taxes and Comprehensive Tobacco Control Policies: Findings from the ITC Uruguay Survey

Background: Little research has been done to examine whether smokers switch to illegal or roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes in response to a change in their relative price. Objective: This paper explores how relative prices between three cigarette forms (manufactured legal, manufactured illegal and RYO cigarettes) are associated with the choice of one … Read more »

Understanding the Relationship Between State Minimum Pricing Laws and Discount Mechanisms, 2005–2014

Pricing laws for tobacco, intended to promote fair competition, have an added benefit of standardizing consumer prices. Unfortunately, the power of these pricing laws may be reduced at both the distributor and consumer level. Allowing distributing parties to reduce their costs using trade/cash discounts or competitor price-matching, in conjunction with … Read more »

50 State Law Approaches to Reducing Cigarette Tax Avoidance and Taxing OTPs, 2005–2014

This presentation at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco meeting in February 2015 highlights research on how states have minimized cigarette tax avoidance through encrypted cigarette stamps, distinctive tribal stamps, and border tax rates.  Also covered is research on what tax rates and federal law changes regarding other tobacco … Read more »

Effect of Cigarette Tax Increase in Combination with Mass Media Campaign on Smoking Behaviour in Mauritius: Findings from the ITC Survey

Background: Mauritius has made great strides in adopting evidence-based tobacco control measures, including an increase in its cigarette excise tax and antitobacco mass media (Sponge) campaign. The primary objective of this study is to examine the combined effect of these measures on smoking behaviour. Methods: This study used longitudinal data from the … Read more »

Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market: Characteristics, Policy Context, and Lessons from International Experiences

Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market: Collection and Analysis of the International Experience; Committee on Law and Justice; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine; National Research Council In response to the documented addictive and harmful health effects of … Read more »

Briefing slides for Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market: Characteristics, Policy Context, and Lessons from International Experience

Briefing on illicit trade report by Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market: Collection and Analysis of the International Experience, presented upon the report’s release date, February 18, 2015.   Official Statement of Task: An ad hoc committee will conduct a study and prepare a report that will assess the scope of the international … Read more »

Get the Facts: Minnesota’s 2013 Tobacco Tax Increase Is Improving Health

The tobacco industry has a well-known track record of selling dangerous, addictive products and misleading the public about their health effects. That was true in the past and is still true today. Smoking continues to be a leading cause of preventable death and disease in Minnesota. Each year, 5,100 Minnesotans … Read more »

The Impact of Prices and Taxes on the Use of Tobacco Products in Latin America and the Caribbean

We examined the impact of tobacco prices or taxes on tobacco use in Latin America and Caribbean countries. We searched MEDLINE, EconLit, LILACS, unpublished literature, 6 specialty journals, and review references. We calculated pooled price elasticities using random-effects models. The 32 studies we examined found that cigarette prices have a negative … Read more »

Weight Control Belief and Its Impact on the Effectiveness of Tobacco Control Policies on Quit Attempts: Findings from the ITC 4 Country Project

Background: Weight concerns are widely documented as one of the major barriers for girls and young adult women to quit smoking. Therefore, it is important to investigate whether smokers who have weight concerns respond to tobacco control policies differently than smokers who do not in terms of quit attempts, and how … Read more »

February 2015

Region: Global

Authors: Ce Shang, Frank J. Chaloupka, Geoffrey T. Fong, Mary Thompson, Mohammad Siahpush, William Ridgeway

Project: List of All Research

Note: tobaccocontrol.bmj.com requires a paid subscription

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Cigarette Price and Other Factors Associated with Brand Choice and Brand Loyalty in Zambia: Findings from the ITC Zambia Survey

Objectives: Little is known about cigarette pricing and brand loyalty in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines these issues in Zambia, analysing data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Zambia Survey. Methods: Data from Wave 1 of the ITC Zambia Survey (2012) were analysed for current smokers of factory-made (FM) cigarettes compared with those … Read more »

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in Ohio Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions … Read more »

January 2015

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

The Effect of Smoke-Free Air Law in Bars on Smoking Initiation and Relapse among Teenagers and Young Adults

Background: Existing evidence has shown that most smoking uptake and escalation occurs while smokers are teenagers or young adults. Effective policies that reduce smoking uptake and escalation will play an important role in curbing cigarette smoking. This study aims to investigate the effect of smoke-free air (SFA) laws in bars … Read more »

January 2015

Region: Domestic

Authors: Ce Shang

Project: List of All Research

An Evaluation of FDA’s Analysis of the Costs and Benefits of the Graphic Warning Label Regulation

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products and authorised it to assert jurisdiction over other tobacco products. As with other Federal agencies, FDA is required to assess the costs and benefits of … Read more »

The Impact of Potential FDA Regulatory Actions on Smoking Prevalence among Youth and Adults: Findings from Global Adult Tobacco Survey and Global Youth Tobacco Survey

This poster, presented at the TCORS advisory meeting at the National Institutes of Health on November 3, 2014, assesses the impact of potential FDA regulatory actions on smoking prevalence among youth and young adults using international data.  This study aims to inform the FDA of the effectiveness of potential regulations on tobacco products by assessing … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco Control – Lessons Learned from International Experiences

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank Chaloupka at the Building Capacity for Tobacco Research in Romania meeting in Tîrgu-Mureş, Romania, on October 20, 2014. It compares myths versus facts on the economic impact of tobacco tax increases and tobacco control policies. Dr. Chaloupka also reviews the impact of international tobacco control … Read more »

October 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Overview of FCTC Article 6 Guidelines at COP6

This presentation was given at the 6th Session of the Conference of Parties (COP6) to the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Moscow, Russia, on October 13, 2014.  Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka, technical adviser to the drafting group, provides an overview of the guidelines of Article 6 … Read more »

October 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Trends in the Retail Tobacco Marketplace, 1999–2012

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster describes differences in product availability, promotion, price, and placement of various tobacco products in tobacco retail environments in communities across the U.S. over time from the Bridging the Gap Community Data Collection. Preliminary findings indicating the association of youth smoking behavior … Read more »

Adult Tobacco Survey: Dual/poly-use of e-cigarettes with other tobacco products and other focused analyses

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 A random-digit dial telephone survey was conducted from November 2012 through April 2013 with 1,444 adult (18+) tobacco users in the U.S. residing in zip codes associated with school enrollment zones for traditional public high schools participating in the 2012 Monitoring the … Read more »

State Tax Laws Governing Tribal Tobacco Sales

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster illustrates the taxation relationship between states and Native American tribes as it relates to tobacco sales. Specifically, it looks at the use of compacts, alternative tax payments, and other various mechanisms for taxation of products sold on tribal lands. View the … Read more »

Understanding State Minimum Pricing/Markup Tobacco Product Regulatory Schemes, 2005–2014

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster highlights the state-level regulatory landscape and governance of unfair pricing laws and discounting programs as they relate to cigarette and tobacco product sales. Particular attention is paid to the use of coupons, combination sales, trade discounts, and other mechanisms used … Read more »

The Impact of Electronic Cigarette Sales on Cigarette Sales, 2007–2013

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 The poster examines how the entry of e-cigarettes into the tobacco product market affected the sales of cigarettes. View the poster here. … Read more »

Is the Cigarette Price Effect Nonlinear?

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster explores whether the impact of cigarette price on cigarette sale and consumption changes as the price level increases. We use a variety of models, statistical methods, and data sources to detect the potential nonlinear price impact. View the poster here. … Read more »

State Approaches to Addressing Cigarette Tax Avoidance and Other Tobacco Product Taxation, 2005–2014

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster presents new data on the variable tax structure and rate of cigars, little cigars, roll-your-own tobacco, pipes and e-cigarettes from 2005-2014. Additionally, the cigarette stamp encryption technology and non-stamp record-keeping requirements that a few states are using to enforce their … Read more »

A Comprehensive Examination of Price Elasticities of Tobacco Products: Evidence from Commercial Store Scanner Data

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster examines the demand for a wide range of tobacco products by providing the own- and cross-price elasticities for each tobacco product using commercial store scanner data. View the poster here. … Read more »

Relative Tax Rates, Proximity and Cigarette Tax Avoidance: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Cigarette Packs

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 We use data from a national sample of littered packs to understand the determinants of tax avoidance. Our results demonstrate that tax avoidance is strongly correlated with economic incentives but avoidance will rarely if ever result in revenue declines following tax rate … Read more »

How Much Cigarette Tax Avoidance Is There in the US? Different Estimates from Smoker Surveys and Physical Pack Collection Methods

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Meeting, September 2014 Surveys consistently reveal a substantially lower rate of cigarette tax avoidance than physical pack collections. We document and compare the avoidance rates from the two methods and explore potential explanations for differences in the findings. View the poster here. … Read more »

Electronic Cigarettes: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association

This statement reviews the latest science concerning one of the newest classes of products to enter the tobacco product landscape—electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), also called electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)—and provides an overview on design, operations, constituents, toxicology, safety, user profiles, public health, youth access, impact as a cessation aid, and … Read more »

Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (STARS) Survey

The Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (STARS) survey was designed for practitioners to inform state and local tobacco control policies for the point of sale. The STARS form and training materials resulted from a collaboration of State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) researchers with stakeholders from five state health … Read more »

August 2014

Region: Domestic

Authors:

Project: List of All Research

Probing the Smoking–Suicide Association: Do Smoking Policy Interventions Affect Suicide Risk?

Introduction: Smokers exhibit elevated risk for suicide, but it is unknown whether smoking interventions reduce suicide risk. We examined whether state-level policy interventions—increases in cigarette excise taxes and strengthening of smoke-free air laws—corresponded to reduction in suicide risk during the 1990s and early 2000s. We also examined whether the magnitude … Read more »

July 2014

Region: Domestic

Authors: Richard A. Grucza, Andrew D. Plunk, Melissa J. Krauss, Patricia A. Cavazos-Rehg, Joseph Deak, Kacie Gebhardt, Frank J. Chaloupka, Laura J. Bierut

Project: List of All Research

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Economic Impact of a Noncomprehensive Smoke-Free Air Law

Background: Many stakeholders were interested in the potential economic impact of Pennsylvania’s 2008 Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA). This study focused on the examination of economic change subsequent to CIAA and, because CIAA allows certain venue exemptions among eating and drinking establishments, if the allowance of exemptions influenced that impact. Policy … Read more »

July 2014

Region: Domestic

Authors: John A. Tauras, Frank J. Chaloupka, Jennifer D. Keith, Deborah P. Brown, Joy Blankley Meyer

Project: List of All Research

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A Baseline Understanding of State Laws Governing E-Cigarettes

Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been available for purchase in the USA since 2007, and have grown rapidly in popularity. Currently, there are no federal restrictions on e-cigarettes; therefore, any regulations are under the purview of state and/or local governments. This study examines state laws governing e-cigarettes through youth access … Read more »

The Availability of Electronic Cigarettes in US Retail Outlets, 2012: Results of Two National Studies

Background: Since their introduction in 2007, electronic cigarette (‘e-cigarette’) awareness and use has grown rapidly. Little is known about variation in e-cigarette availability across areas with different levels of tobacco taxes and smoke-free air policies. This paper looks at US retail availability of e-cigarettes and factors at the store, neighbourhood and … Read more »

The Impact of Price and Tobacco Control Policies on the Demand for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

Background: While much is known about the demand for conventional cigarettes, little is known about the determinants of demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS or e-cigarettes). The goal of this study is to estimate the own and cross-price elasticity of demand for e-cigarettes and to examine the impact of … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Pakistan

A uniform specific tax that accounts for 70% of average cigarette price could reduce overall cigarette consumption by 7.5%, increase tax revenues by 27.2 billion Rupees, lead to over half a million users quitting and reduce premature deaths among current adult smokers by over 180,000, while also preventing 725,000 youth from taking up smoking. Download the … Read more »

ITC Cross-Country Comparison Report Tobacco Price and Taxation

The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project) was created in 2002 as an evidence-gathering system for evaluating the effectiveness of tobacco control policies of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This report presents research findings and cross-country comparisons on key indicators of effectiveness of … Read more »

Fact Sheet: Tobacco Taxes in Pakistan

High rates of tobacco use impose a large health and economic burden in Pakistan. One of the most effective ways to reduce tobacco use in Pakistan is to raise the price of tobacco products through excise tax increases. This fact sheet is drawn from our paper “The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Pakistan.” It describes … Read more »

The Effect of Cigarette Prices on Brand-Switching in China: a Longitudinal Analysis of Data from the ITC China Survey

Background: Recent studies have found that Chinese smokers are relatively unresponsive to cigarette prices. As the Chinese government contemplates higher tobacco taxes, it is important to understand the reasons for this low response. One possible explanation is that smokers buffer themselves from rising cigarette prices by switching to cheaper cigarette … Read more »

Trends in the Use of Premium and Discount Cigarette Brands: Findings from the ITC US Surveys

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to examine trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands and determine correlates of type of brand used and brand switching. Methods: Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) US adult smoker cohort survey were analysed. The total study sample included 6669 … Read more »

The Price Sensitivity of Cigarette Consumption in Bangladesh: Evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh Wave 1 (2009) and Wave 2 (2010) Surveys

Background: In Bangladesh, the average excise tax on cigarettes accounted for just 38% of the average retail price of cigarettes in 2009, and 45% in 2010. Both these rates are well below the WHO recommended share of 70% of the retail price at a minimum. There is thus ample room … Read more »

Socioeconomic and Country Variations in Cross-Border Cigarette Purchasing as Tobacco Tax Avoidance Strategy. Findings from the ITC Europe Surveys

Background Legal tobacco tax avoidance strategies such as cross-border cigarette purchasing may attenuate the impact of tax increases on tobacco consumption. Little is known about socioeconomic and country variations in cross-border purchasing. Objective To describe socioeconomic and country variations in cross-border cigarette purchasing in six European countries. Methods Cross-sectional data from adult … Read more »

Cigarette Tax Avoidance and Evasion: Findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project

Background: Decades of research have produced overwhelming evidence that tobacco taxes reduce tobacco use and increase government tax revenue. The magnitude and effectiveness of taxes in reducing tobacco use provide an incentive for tobacco users, manufacturers and others, most notably criminal networks, to devise ways to avoid or evade tobacco … Read more »

Cigarette Graphic Warning Labels and Smoking Prevalence in Canada: a Critical Examination and Reformulation of the FDA Regulatory Impact Analysis

Background: The estimated effect of cigarette graphic warning labels (GWL) on smoking rates is a key input to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) regulatory impact analysis (RIA), required by law as part of its rule-making process. However, evidence on the impact of GWLs on smoking prevalence is scarce. Objective: The … Read more »

The Choice of Discount Brand Cigarettes: A Comparative Analysis of International Tobacco Control Surveys in Canada and the USA (2002–2005)

Background: Increasing tobacco taxes to increase price is a proven tobacco control measure. This article investigates how smokers respond to tax and price increases in their choice of discount brand cigarettes versus premium brands. Objective: To estimate how increase in the tax rate can affect smokers’ choice of discount brands versus … Read more »

Who Purchases Cigarettes from Cheaper Sources in China? Findings from the ITC China Survey

Objective: The availability of cigarettes from cheaper sources constitutes a major challenge to public health throughout the world, including China, because it may counteract price-based tobacco control policies. The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with purchasing cigarettes from cheaper sources among adult smokers in China. Methods:  Data … Read more »

Death and taxes: using the latter to reduce the former

Commentary by Kenneth E. Warner in the March 2014 supplement to the journal Tobacco Control. … Read more »

March 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Kenneth E Warner

Project: List of All Research

The economics of tobacco control: evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project

Over the past few decades, the importance of economic research in advancing tobacco control policies has become increasingly clear. Extensive research has demonstrated that increasing tobacco taxes and prices is the single most cost-effective tobacco control measure. The research contained in this supplement adds to this evidence and provides new … Read more »

Chinese smokers’ cigarette purchase behaviours, cigarette prices and consumption: findings from the ITC China Survey

Background: While cigarette purchasing behaviour has been shown to be linked with certain tobacco use outcomes such as quit intentions and quit attempts, there have been very few studies examining cigarette purchasing behaviours and their impact on cigarette price and consumption in China, the world’s largest cigarette consumer. Objective: The aim … Read more »

A novel approach to estimating the prevalence of untaxed cigarettes in the USA: findings from the 2009 and 2010 international tobacco control surveys

Background: Increases in tobacco taxes are effective in reducing tobacco consumption, but because of the addictive nature of cigarettes, smokers often seek out less expensive sources of cigarettes. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of cigarette packs that are untaxed by the state in which the … Read more »

Trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands: findings from the ITC US Surveys (2002–2011)

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to examine trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands and determine correlates of type of brand used and brand switching. Methods: Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) US adult smoker cohort survey were analysed. The total study sample included 6669 adult … Read more »

The distribution of cigarette prices under different tax structures: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project

Background: The distribution of cigarette prices has rarely been studied and compared under different tax structures. Descriptive evidence on price distributions by countries can shed light on opportunities for tax avoidance and brand switching under different tobacco tax structures, which could impact the effectiveness of increased taxation in reducing smoking. Objective: … Read more »

Cigarette Brand Loyalty in Australia: Findings from the ITC Four Country Survey

Background and aim: There is little academic research on tobacco brand loyalty and switching, and even less in restrictive marketing environments such as Australia. This paper examines tobacco brand family loyalty, reasons for choice of brand and the relation between these and sociodemographic variables over a period of 10 years in … Read more »

Tax, Price and Cigarette Brand Preferences: A Longitudinal Study of Adult Smokers from the ITC Mexico Survey

Background: Recent tax increases in Mexico differed in structure and provided an opportunity to better understand tobacco industry pricing strategies, as well as smokers’ responses to any resulting price changes. Objectives: To assess if taxes were passed onto consumers of different cigarette brands, the extent of brand switching and predictors of preference for … Read more »

The Effect of Prices on Cigarette Use Among Youths in the Global Youth Tobacco Survey

Introduction: We estimated the impact of cigarette prices on youth smoking in 38 countries with the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In the first part, we estimated the impact of prices on the decision to smoke. Conditional on smoking, we then estimated the … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Silda Nikaj, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Conference Report on Tobacco Taxes in Central America: Current Situation and Opportunities to Reduce Prevalence and Increase Fiscal Revenues

Introduction: As stated in Article 6 of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), increasing tobacco prices through higher taxes is one of the most effective interventions to reduce tobacco use and to encourage smokers to quit. The potential for tax increases on tobacco products in Central America is ample. We … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Ana Garcés, Miguel Garcés, Joaquin Barnoya, Maynor Cabrera, Rosa Sandoval, Juan Guillermo Orozco, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Market Structures, Socioeconomics, and Tobacco Usage Patterns in Madagascar

Introduction: The isolated island nation of Madagascar has substantial prevalence of both smoking and smokeless tobacco use, although not of dual use. Madagascar’s tobacco market, much like its historical and cultural underpinnings, appears to have both Asian and African influences. Additionally, it has a unique market structure that plays an … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Evan Blecher, Alex C. Liber, Martine Chaussard, Stacey Fedewa

Project: List of All Research

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Who Quits? An Overview of Quitters in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Introduction: Using the Global Adult Tobacco Surveys from 14 primarily low- and middle-income countries, we describe the association between the probability of being a recent quitter and a number of demographic and policy-relevant factors such as exposure to warning labels, work-site smoking bans, antismoking media messaging, tobacco marketing, and current … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Ce Shang, Frank J. Chaloupka, Deliana Kostova

Project: List of All Research

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The Economics of Tobacco Use in Jordan

Introduction: We conducted an independent survey of tobacco use in Jordan following the methods and template of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Using data collected on cigarette use and cigarette prices, we estimated the price elasticity of cigarette demand in Jordan. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Nadia J. Sweis, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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The Influence of Prices on Youth Tobacco Use in India

Introduction: The tobacco epidemic has been rapidly spreading in many of the poorer nations of the world, including India. Although studies assessing the impact of prices on youth smoking in countries such as the United States are abundant, comparable research on Indian youth has been largely unavailable due to lack … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Renu Ann Joseph, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Exploring the Relationship Between Cigarette Prices and Smoking Among Adults: A Cross-Country Study of Low- and Middle-Income Nations

Introduction: Evidence on the relationship between cigarette prices and adult smoking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is relatively limited. This study offers new descriptive evidence on this relationship using data from a set of 13 LMICs. Methods: We use Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) cross-country data from approximately 200,000 participants … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Deliana Kostova, Jean Tesche, Anne-Marie Perucic, Ayda Yurekli, Samira Asma

Project: List of All Research

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The Effects of Prices on Cigarette Use Among Youths in the Global Youth Tobacco Surveys

Introduction: We estimated the impact of cigarette prices on youth smoking in 38 countries with the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In the first part, we estimated the impact of prices on the decision to smoke. Conditional on smoking, we then estimated the effect of … Read more »

January 2014

Region: Global

Authors: Silda Nikaj, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Cigarette Excise Tax Structure and Cigarette Prices: Evidence From the Global Adult Tobacco Survey and the U.S. National Adult Tobacco Survey

Introduction: The importance of tobacco tax structure in determining the relative prices of different tobacco products and brands has become increasingly recognized. The structuring of tobacco tax across products and brands within a country can impact the variability of prices within a country, shaping consumption and influencing tobacco users’ incentives … Read more »

August 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Deliana Kostova, Ce Shang

Project: List of All Research

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Left-digit price effects on smoking cessation motivation

Background Cigarette price increases have been associated with increases in smoking cessation, but relatively little is known about this relationship at the level of individual smokers. To address this and to inform tax policy, the goal of this study was to apply a behavioural economic approach to the relationship between … Read more »

July 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: James MacKillop, Michael T Amlung, Ashley Blackburn, James G Murphy, Maureen Carrigan, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Emerging Evidence Needs in the Economic Aspects of Tobacco Control

This presentation at the Fogarty International Center National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD, provides an overview of the tobacco price structure, economic costs of tobacco use, economic impact of tobacco control, the globalization of the tobacco industry, and economically viable alternatives to tobacco. … Read more »

June 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Frank Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Introduction to Tobacco Control Economics: Costs of Smoking and Cost Effectiveness of Tobacco Control Interventions

This presentation given at the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Leadership Program at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the economic cost of tobacco use, the correlation between tobacco use and poverty, the myths and facts on the economics costs of tobacco control, … Read more »

June 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Introduction to Tobacco Control Economics: Best Practices in Taxation

This presentation given at the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Leadership Program at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the rationales of tobacco taxation, the impacts of taxation, and best practices. … Read more »

June 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

New Findings from Research on the Economics of Tobacco Use

The New Findings from Research on the Economics of Tobacco Use presentation given at the Food & Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products reviews the monitoring and assessment of the impact of tax and price policies on US tobacco use. … Read more »

May 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tax and Price Policies

The presentation provides an overview of the tobacco tax and price policies and a review of the littered pack inspection and the local tobacco ordinance data. … Read more »

May 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Economic Research on Tobacco-Tax Avoidance & Evasion

The presentation at the Symposium on the Economics of Tobacco Control in Ankara, Turkey provides an overview of the measurement and detriments of tax avoidance and tax evasion and the policy responses. … Read more »

April 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Economics of Tobacco Control -August 2013

The Economics of Tobacco Control presentation provides an introductory overview of the public health and economic rationales of tobacco control efforts. … Read more »

April 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, PhD

Project: List of All Research

Relevant Trends in Global Tobacco

The Relevant Trends in Global Tobacco presentation given at the ITC Project Meetings in Boston, MA,  provides an overview for factors contributing to the globalization of the tobacco industry and the implications for tobacco use and tobacco control. … Read more »

March 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Recent and Projected Public Health and Economic Benefits of Cigarette Taxation in Greece

Objectives: Greece is in an economic crisis compounded by the costs caused by smoking. The present investigation estimates the economic and public health benefits ensuing from the recent cigarette excise tax increase in 2011 and projects the potential benefits from an additional €2.00 per pack cigarette tax increase. Methods: The effects … Read more »

Tobacco, Economics and Development in the 21st Century

The presentation given at Harvard University provides an overview of the economic cost of tobacco usage in the 21st century from a global perspective. … Read more »

February 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Geoffrey T. Fong, Frank J Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Restrictions on Tobacco Use, Sales & Marketing

The Restrictions on Tobacco Use, Sales, and Marketing presentation given at the Developing Public Health Regulations for Marijuana: Lessons from Alcohol and Tobacco session in Arlington, VA,  reviews smoke-free policy development, impact, prevalence, and future directions of smoke-free laws. The presentation also reviews tobacco marketing, counter marketing, and youth access … Read more »

February 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Product Licensing, Production & Distribution

The Tobacco Product Licensing, Production, and Distribution presentation given in Arlington, VA, reviews tobacco’s licensing aims, production regulation, constituent labeling and overviews differences in tobacco packaging. … Read more »

February 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Monitoring and Assessing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies on US Tobacco Use

The Monitoring and Assessing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies on US Tobacco Use presentation for the SCTC Steering Committee provides an overview of policy surveillance, tobacco pricing and promotion, purchase behaviors, tax avoidance and evasion, tobacco use, and communication and dissemination. … Read more »

February 2013

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Globalization of the Tobacco Industry and Implications for Tobacco Control – One Economist’s Perspective

The presentation given at the Workshop on The Regulation and Strategic Behavior of Tobacco Manufacturers at the University of Bath provides a brief overview of the implications of tobacco control and the globalization of the tobacco industry. … Read more »

January 2013

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Comparing Effects of Tobacco Use Prevention Modalities: Need for Complex Systems Models

Many modalities of tobacco use prevention programming have been implemented including various policy regulations (tax increases, warning labels, limits on access, smoke-free policies, and restrictions on marketing), mass media programming, school-based classroom education, family involvement, and involvement of community agents (i.e., medical, social, political). The present manuscript provides a glance at these modalities … Read more »

Cigarette Pricing Differs by U.S. Neighborhoods

This brief describes and assesses how cigarette pricing varies by neighborhood race and ethnicity. The analyses are based on data collected in 2011 from 2,387 retail stores in a nationally representative sample of 157 communities where public middle and high school students live. The data presented in this brief show that … Read more »

High-Resolution Behavioral Economic Analysis of Cigarette Demand to Inform Tax Policy

Aims: Novel methods in behavioral economics permit the systematic assessment of the relationship between cigarette consumption and price. Toward informing tax policy, the goals of this study were to conduct a high-resolution analysis of cigarette demand in a large sample of adult smokers and to use the data to estimate … Read more »

Differential Effects of Price Changes on Adult Smoking Behaviors

Background: Raising cigarette prices through taxation is an important policy approach to reduce smoking. Yet, cigarette price increases may not be equally effective in all subpopulations of smokers. Purpose: To examine differing effects of state cigarette price changes with individual changes in smoking among smokers of different intensity levels. Methods: Data were … Read more »

November 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Edward L Spitznagel, Frank J Chaloupka, Douglas A Luke, Brian Waterman, Richard A Grucza, Laura Jean Bierut

Project: List of All Research

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Tobacco Taxes: A Win-Win Measure for Fiscal Space and Health

Two-thirds of the world’s tobacco users live in just 15 countries, and 5 of these high-burden countries (People’s Republic of China, India, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam) are in Asia. This report aims to assess how changes in cigarette taxes can reduce consumption and save lives in these high-burden countries. In the absence … Read more »

The Impact of Cigarette Excise Taxes on Smoking Cessation Rates From 1994 to 2010 in Poland, Russia, and Ukraine

Introduction: We studied the impact of cigarette excise taxes on the rates of smoking cessation with data from 3 neighboring Eastern European countries (Russia, Poland, and Ukraine) during the post-transitional period of the 1990s and 2000s. Methods: Using Global Adult Tobacco Survey data from 11,106 former and current smokers, we estimated … Read more »

October 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Hana Ross, Deliana Kostova, Michal Stoklosa, Maria Leon

Project: List of All Research

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Comparing Self-Report and Archival Cigarette Prices: Evidence from the United States and Canada

The presentation given at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, analyzes the tax burden on tobacco vs. tobacco use supplement to the current population survey. The presentation also reviews the official price series versus international tobacco control policy evaluation surveys. … Read more »

October 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

Taxation as Obesity Control Policy

The presentation provides an overview of  the rationales for tobacco taxation, the impact of the taxes and prices on consumption, the types of taxes and prices, and the implications they have for obesity prevention. … Read more »

October 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

What Can We Learn From Tobacco?

The presentation given in San Antonio, Texas provides an overview of the types and levels of tobacco taxation, a rationale for tobacco taxation, counterarguments, and implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

September 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in the Philippines

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in the Philippines presentation given at International Experts’ Forum on Sin Tax Reforms in Manila, Philippines, provides an overview of tobacco use and its consequences in the Philippines. The presentation also reviews the taxes, prices, and demand for cigarettes in a country that … Read more »

August 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

A Cross-Country Study of Cigarette Prices and Affordability: Evidence From the Global Adult Tobacco Survey

Objective: To describe the characteristics of two primary determinants of cigarette consumption: cigarette affordability and the range of prices paid for cigarettes (and bidis, where applicable) in a set of 15 countries. From this cross-country comparison, identify places where opportunities may exist for reducing consumption through tax adjustments. Data: Self-response data … Read more »

August 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Deliana Kostova, Frank J Chaloupka, Ayda Yurekli, Hana Ross, Rajeev Cherukupalli, Linda Andes, Samira Asma, on behalf of the GATS Collaborative Group

Project: List of All Research

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Globalization of the Tobacco Industry – One Economist’s Perspective -August 2012

The presentation given in Kansas City, MO provides an overview of the factors contributing to the globalization of the tobacco industry. … Read more »

August 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Science Behind Tobacco Taxation

The presentation given in Kansas City, MO, provides an overview of tobacco taxation, industry price-marketing, and the impact of tobacco taxes and prices on usage. … Read more »

August 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxes and Tobacco Use: Global Evidence (Spanish Version)

The presentation given at the Regional Seminar on Tobacco Prices, Taxes, and Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Panama City, Panama, provides an overview of the global evidence for tobacco taxes and its correlation with tobacco use. … Read more »

July 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxes and Tobacco Use: Global Evidence

The presentation given at the Regional Seminar on Tobacco Prices, Taxes, and Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Panama City, Panama, provides an overview of the global evidence for tobacco taxes and its correlation with tobacco use. … Read more »

July 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Product Regulation: FDA’s Economic Impact Analysis

The presentation given at the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Advocacy Coordinating Committee in Dallas, Texas, provides an overview of the economic impact and cost of tobacco labeling. … Read more »

June 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Taxation as Public Health Policy -June 2012

The presentation given in Dallas, TX provides an overview of tobacco tax, the impact of tobacco use and consequences, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

June 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Bangladesh

In this report, we briefly describe the tobacco environment in Bangladesh, beginning with a discussion of tobacco use and its health and economic consequences, followed by a short review of the supply of tobacco and tobacco products. Given available data, most of the discussion focuses on smoked tobacco products, particularly manufactured cigarettes and bidis. We then provide a … Read more »

The Impact of the 2009 Federal Tobacco Excise Tax Increase on Youth Tobacco Use

This study examined the impact of the 2009 federal tobacco excise tax increase on the use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products among youth using the Monitoring the Future survey, a nationally representative survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students. The results of this analysis showed that this tax increase had a … Read more »

Taxation as Public Health Policy -May 2012

The presentation given in Guatemala provides an overview of tobacco and alcohol tax, the impact of taxes and prices on tobacco and alcohol usage, industry price marketing and policy options, counterarguments, myths and facts, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

May 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Frank Chaloupka Q&A: Study Shows 2009 Federal Tobacco Tax Helped Cut Youth Smoking

A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago found that in the first 60 days following a 2009 federal tobacco tax, at least 220,000 young people were prevented from using tobacco. The research, which was published by the National Bureau of Economic Research and funded by … Read more »

May 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: NewPublic Health Blog

Project: List of All Research

Monitoring and Assessing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies on United States’ Tobacco Use -May 2012

The presentation given at the University of Illinois at Chicago for the U01 Advisory Panel Meeting, provides an overview of the State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative.   … Read more »

May 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Taxation as Public Health Policy – April 2012

The presentation given at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine provides an overview of tobacco tax, the impact of tobacco use and consequences, earmarking revenue and control programs, industry price marketing and policy options, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

April 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Effects of Smoking-Related Television Advertising on Smoking and Intentions to Quit Among Adults in the United States: 1999-2007

Objectives: We investigated whether state-sponsored antitobacco advertisements are associated with reduced adult smoking, and interactions between smoking-related advertising types. Methods: We measured mean exposure to smoking-related advertisements with television ratings for the top-75 US media markets from 1999 to 2007. We combined these data with individual-level Current Population Surveys Tobacco Use … Read more »

Tax, Price and Tobacco Use

The presentation given  was given at the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco control Session in Singapore at the World Conference of Tobacco or Health. The presentation provides an overview of the reasons to increase tobacco taxes in order to decrease the prevalence of tobacco use.   … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General

An update of the 1994 Report, “Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People,” this new report provides more of a global perspective on prevention as well as a more comprehensive look at the literature on the link between tobacco company marketing practices and youth tobacco use. … Read more »

Impact of Tobacco Pricing and Taxation: Economic Analysis Using ITC Project Data

The presentation given at the 15th World Conference on Tobacco or Health in Singapore provides an overview of the surveys and results found from the ITC Cross Country Report on tobacco pricing and taxation. … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Tax Structure and Tobacco Use

The presentation given in Singapore provides an overview of the economics of tobacco control in Africa, the tobacco tax structure and its correlation with tobacco usage and a review of best practices in tobacco taxation. … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tax and Price Policies for Tobacco Control

The  presentation given at the Workshop on International Collaborative Research on Tobacco Control Policies in Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan, provides an overview of evidence for the effectiveness of tax and price polices for tobacco control. … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Mechanisms of Legal Effect: Perspectives from Economics

Over the past few decades, health economists have made substantial contributions to our understanding of how laws, regulations and other policies can address market failures in order to improve public health. This monograph provides an introduction to the concepts used by economists in this research. It begins by providing a … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxes as a Tobacco Control Strategy

Background:  Increases in tobacco taxes are widely regarded as a highly effective strategy for reducing tobacco use and its consequences. Methods:  The voluminous literature on tobacco taxes is assessed, drawing heavily from seminal and recent publications reviewing the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and related outcomes, … Read more »

March 2012

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Ayda Yurekli, Geoffrey T. Fong

Project: List of All Research

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ITC Cross-Country Comparison Report: Tobacco Price and Taxation

This report presents initial findings on cross-country differences on key indicators of the effectiveness of price and tax policies across 19 countries on the ITC Project, including New Zealand. A primary objective of this report is to disseminate findings on the effectiveness of tax measures to policymakers and other public … Read more »

Nicotine and Tobacco Research Special Supplement: Economic Aspects of Tobacco Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

The impact of tobacco use on morbidity and mortality worldwide is exceedingly large. Tobacco use is expected to cause 8 million deaths per year by 2030, amounting to 1 billion deaths by the end of the century; the large majority of these deaths is projected to occur in lower and … Read more »

January 2012

Region: Global

Authors: Deliana Kostova, Frank J. Chaloupka, Ayda Yurekli, Douglas Bettcher, Neena Prasa, Samira Asma

Project: List of All Research

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Youth Access Tobacco Possession, Use, and Purchase Laws: Measures of State and Local Enforcement

Tobacco youth access laws are designed to prohibit minors from accessing tobacco products, and also to simultaneously reduce both the supply of tobacco and the availability of tobacco products to minors. A variety of multi-level government policies have been enacted to reduce youth access to tobacco, including: sales to minors‟ … Read more »

Socioeconomic Differences in the Impact of Smoking Tobacco and Alcohol Prices on Smoking in India

The threat posed by smoking to health in India is severe. Already 1 in 5 of all adult male deaths and 1 in 20 of all adult female deaths at ages 30-69 are due to smoking and India will soon have 1 million smoking deaths a year. Increasing tobacco prices … Read more »

November 2011

Region: Global

Authors: G. Emmanuel Guindon, Arindam Nandi, Frank J. Chaloupka, IV, Prabhat Jha

Project: List of All Research

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The Economic Impact of State Cigarette Taxes and Smoke-Free Air Policies on Convenience Stores – November 2011

Objectives: To investigate whether increasing state cigarette taxes and/or enacting stronger smoke-free air (SFA) policies have negative impact on convenience store density in a state, a proxy that is determined by store openings and closings, which reflects store profits. Methods: State-level business count estimates for convenience stores for 50 states and … Read more »

November 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Jidong Huang, Frank J Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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A Rational Taxation System of Bidis and Cigarettes to Reduce Smoking Deaths in India

Tobacco smoking of bidis and cigarettes causes about one million deaths a year in India. India’s relatively high consumption is due in part to a historically low or no tax on bidis and an inefficient, complex system of taxing cigarettes. In the context of planned tax reforms in India, we … Read more »

The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Obesity: Lessons for Obesity Policy from the Tobacco Wars

This chapter summarizes the strategies that have been successful in causing the sharp declines in smoking and other tobacco product use observed over the past several decades and describes the potential for similar strategies to be effective in reversing the rise in obesity, using the World Health Organization’s MPOWER package … Read more »

October 2011

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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Public Policy Versus Individual Rights and Responsibility: An Economist’s Perspective

Interventions to reduce childhood obesity entail ethical considerations. Although a rationale exists for government to intervene in a way that limits individual rights while protecting the public’s health, a clear economic rationale also exists. The markets for goods and services that contribute to obesity are characterized by multiple failures that … Read more »

August 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Air Policies

The Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Air Policies’ presentation given at the All In Coalition Meeting in Orlando, Fl,  reviews the evolution and compliance with smoke-free policies, impact on exposure, impact on tobacco use,  and the impact on health and the economy. … Read more »

August 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Demand for Cigarettes in Ireland

Ireland has been among the leaders in implementing tax and price as part of a comprehensive  approach to tobacco control with the aim of reducing tobacco use and its consequences.  Cigarette excise taxes have been increased regularly over time and account for over 61 percent  of the retail price of … Read more »

August 2011

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, John A. Tauras

Project: List of All Research

Quit Attempts and Quit Rates Among Menthol and Nonmenthol Smokers in the United States

Objectives: We compared quit attempts and quit rates among menthol and nonmenthol cigarette smokers in the United States. Methods: We used data from the 2003 and 2006-2007 waves of the large, nationally representative Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey with control for state-level tobacco control spending, prices, and smoke-free … Read more »

IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention,Tobacco Control, Vol.14: Effectiveness of Tax and Price Policies for Tobacco Control

This new volume of the IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention in Tobacco Control presents a critical review and evaluation of the evidence by 25 international experts from twelve countries on the economics, epidemiology, public policy and tobacco control aspects of tax and price policies. The working group draws conclusions about … Read more »

How do Price Minimizing Behaviors Impact Smoking Cessation: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey

This paper examines how price minimizing behaviors impact efforts to stop smoking. Data on 4,988 participants from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Four-Country Survey who were smokers at baseline (wave 5) and interviewed at a 1 year follow-up were used. We examined whether price minimizing behaviors at baseline … Read more »

Best Practices in Tobacco Taxation

Best Practices in Tobacco Taxation presentation was given at the Tobacco Free Nebraska State Conference in Lincoln, NE, and it provides an overview of tobacco taxation. The presentation covers the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, earmarking revenues for tobacco control, industry price marketing, myths and facts, and a summary … Read more »

April 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The State of Tobacco Control in Nebraska: One Economist’s Perspective

The State of Tobacco Control in Nebraska: One Economist’s Perspective presentation given at the Tobacco Free Nebraska State Conference in Lincoln, NE, provides an overview of the MPOWER Framework and reviews where we’ve been, where we are now, and where we can go with Tobacco Control in the state of … Read more »

April 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

What Gets Measured, Gets Changed: Evaluating Law and Policy for Maximum Impact -April 2011

Does law matter regarding public health outcomes? Regardless of what one may thinkabout the answer to this age-old question, in recent years the public health community has increasingly demonstrated and recognized the roles that public health laws and policies play in effectuating long-lasting and broad-based population-wide changes. Public health laws … Read more »

The Impact of Tax and Smoke-Free Air Policy Changes

This report summarizes the progress made over the past two decades in raising cigarette and other tobacco product excise taxes and in adopting and strengthening policies that limit smoking in public places and private worksites. The evolution of these policies is discussed and the evidence of their effectiveness in reducing … Read more »

The Economic Impact of the 2008 Pennsylvania Clean Indoor Air Act

Pennsylvania’s Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) took effect in September 2008. Numerous stakeholders – legislators, media and businesses – expressed interest in understanding the economic impact on drinking establishments and restaurants subsequent to the legislation. The Pennsylvania Department of Health (DOH) funded the Pennsylvania Alliance to Control Tobacco (PACT) to … Read more »

IMPACT: Smokers and Smoking-Related Deaths

The presentation IMPACT: Smokers and Smoking-Related Deaths analyzes the 17-year impact (1993-2010) that tax and master settlement price increases and smoke free air policies have on reductions in the number of smokers and  smoking-related deaths. The presentation also predicts a 70-year generation analysis (1993-2063) of tax and master settlement price … Read more »

April 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Lessons Learned from Tobacco and Alcohol Taxation and Implications for Obesity Prevention

The “Lesson’s Learned from Tobacco and Alcohol Taxation and Implications for Obesity Prevention” presentation given at Northwestern University, Department of Preventative Medicine, provides an overview of tobacco and alcohol taxation and the impacts and consequences of taxes/prices on tobacco and alcohol use, earmarks the revenues for control programs, the industry … Read more »

March 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Leading Health Indicators for Healthy People 2020 – Letter Report

For the past three decades, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has issued a national agenda aimed at improving the health of all Americans over each 10-year span. Under each of these Healthy People initiatives, HHS established health benchmarks and monitored how well people were reaching them over … Read more »

Do State Expenditures on Tobacco Control Programs Decrease Use of Tobacco Products Among College Students?

The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of state tobacco control program expenditures on individual-level tobacco use behaviors among young adults. Data come from the 1997, 1999 and 2001 waves of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS). Our findings indicate that a higher … Read more »

March 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Christina Czart Ciecierski, Pinka Chatterji, Frank J. Chaloupka, Henry Wechsler

Project: List of All Research

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The Economic Impact of State Cigarette Taxes and Smoke-free Air Policies on Convenience Stores

This study investigates the economic impact of state cigarette taxes and smoke-free air policies on convenience stores. Specifically, we examine whether increasing cigarette taxes and/or enacting stronger smoke-free air policies will reduce number of convenience stores per capita in a state. Our analyses show that the number of convenience stores … Read more »

March 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Jidong Huang, Frank Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Commentary on Ross et al. (2011): Beyond Cigarette Taxes – The Need for Research on Other Cigarette Pricing Policies

This article is a commentary published in the journal Addiction by Frank J. Chaloupka on an article by Ross and colleagues.  Chaloupka states, “The paper by Ross and colleagues provides a useful addition to the evidence on the effectiveness of higher taxes and prices in reducing smoking, using longitudinal data from the International Tobacco … Read more »

February 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Socio-Economic Variation in Price Minimizing Behaviors: Findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey

This paper examines how socio-economic status (SES) modifies how smokers adjust to changes in the price of tobacco products through utilization of multiple price minimizing techniques. Data come from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Four Country Survey, nationally representative samples of adult smokers and includes respondents from Canada, … Read more »

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase In Illinois Would Produce A Large, Sustained Increase In State Tobacco Tax Revenues

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

January 2011

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

Self-Reported Price of Cigarettes, Consumption and Compensatory Behaviours in a Cohort of Mexican Smokers Before and After a Cigarette Tax Increase

Objective: To assess the impact of a 2007 cigarette tax increase from 110% to 140% of the price to the retailer on cigarette price and consumption among Mexican smokers, including efforts to offset price increases. Methods: Data were analysed from the 2006 and 2007 administrations of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) … Read more »

December 2010

Region: Global

Authors: Belen Saenz-de-Miera, James F Thrasher, Frank J Chaloupka, Hugh R Waters, Mauricio Hernandez-Avila, Geoffrey T Fong

Project: List of All Research

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The Economic Impact of the 2008 Kansas City Missouri Smoke-Free Air Ordinance

On Thursday April 8th, Kansas City Missouri voters approved Question 3, a ballot initiative requiring private workplaces, restaurants, and bars to be smoke-free. The Kansas City, Missouri smoking ordinance took full effect on June 21, 2008. To the best of our knowledge, no peer reviewed studies have examined the economic impact … Read more »

Menthol and Non-Menthol Smoking: The Impact of Prices and Smoke-Free Air Laws

Aims: To examine the relationship between menthol and non-menthol prices and smoke-free air laws and the choice between menthol and non-menthol cigarettes among current smokers. Design, setting and participants: Data were extracted from the nationally representative (USA) 2003 and 2006/07 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey. A total of 57 383 adult … Read more »

December 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: John A. Tauras, David Levy, Frank J. Chaloupka, Andrea Villanti, Raymond S. Niaura, Donna Vallone, David B. Abrams

Project: List of All Research

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Effectiveness of Tax and Price Policies in Tobacco Control

Objective: Over 20 experts on economics, epidemiology, public policy and tobacco control were asked by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to evaluate the strength of the available evidence on the effects of tax and price policies to prevent and reduce tobacco use. Methods: Draft papers presenting and assessing … Read more »

Economics of Tobacco Control -November 2010

The “Economics of Tobacco Control” presentation reviews why tax tobacco is efficient for generating revenue,  the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco product prices, the effects of taxes and prices on cigarette smoking and other tobacco use, the types of tobacco taxes, and myths and facts about economic impact of … Read more »

November 2010

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Excise Tax Structure: Implications for Public Health

Governments tax tobacco products for both revenue and public health purposes. How should they structure tobacco taxes? This column uses data from 21 EU countries between 1998 and 2007 to argue that cigarettes should be subject to a high, uniform specific tax in the interest of both objectives. … Read more »

State-level Tobacco Control Policies and Youth Smoking Cessation Measures

Objective: Research on the effects of state-level tobacco control policies targeted at youth has been mixed, with little on the effects of these policies and youth smoking cessation. This study explored the association between state-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation behaviors from 1991 to 2006. Methods: The study design … Read more »

Surveillance of Tobacco Industry Retail Marketing Activities of Reduced Harm Products

Objective: Research on the effects of state-level tobacco control policies targeted at youth has been mixed, with little on the effects of these policies and youth smoking cessation. This study explored the association between state-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation behaviors from 1991–2006. Methods: The study design was a … Read more »

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase In Ohio Would Produce A Large, Sustained Increase In State Tobacco Tax Revenues

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

September 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Jidong Huang

Project: List of All Research

Cigarette Excise Taxation: The Impact of Tax Structure on Prices, Revenues, and Cigarette Smoking

The main purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the effects of the cigarette excise tax structure on three outcomes: cigarette prices, government revenues, and cigarette consumption. We composed cross-sectional time-series data for 21 EU countries from year 1998 to 2007 from various data resources. We provide … Read more »

Tracking Tobacco Legislation: SmokeLess States Legislative Coding and Evaluation, Overview, Methods, and Process

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) funded SmokeLess States National Tobacco Control Policy Initiative, which began in 1993, provided funding for state-level coalitions to engage in media and policy advocacy to strengthen tobacco control legislation and regulation.  The initiative’s ultimate goal was to reduce the use of tobacco across states. Tracking … Read more »

Taxes as a Tool for Promoting Public Health: Lessons from Tobacco Taxation

The Taxes as a Tool for Promoting Public Health: Lessons from Tobacco Taxation presentation given to the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity in Minneapolis, MN, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences and the impact of earmarked tobacco taxes … Read more »

June 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Pricing Strategies for Tobacco, Healthy Eating, and Physical Activity

The Pricing Strategies for Tobacco, Healthy Eating, and Physical Activity presentation given at the Communities Putting Prevention to Work: State and Territory Initiative in Atlanta, GA, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences. It also discusses the potential for using taxes to … Read more »

June 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

A Significant Cigarette Tax Rate Increase in North Carolina Would Produce a Large, Sustained Increase in State Tobacco Tax Revenues

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

May 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Applying Tobacco Control Lessons to Obesity: Taxes and Other Pricing Strategies to Reduce Consumption

Public health advocates, particularly those focused on chronic disease prevention, are actively exploring whether and how policy interventions tested in tobacco control apply to the obesity epidemic. Section 1 of this synopsis summarizes the salient lessons learned about taxes as a legal intervention to reduce tobacco consumption. Section 2 considers the … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in India

India is unique in the range of tobacco products that are available at different price points, targeted at populations with substantial differences in socioeconomic and demographic profiles. Tobacco is consumed in a variety of forms, from smoking tobacco products like bidis* and cigarettes to several types of chewing tobacco. There are considerable … Read more »

Tobacco Research: Highest Priorities

The presentation given in Guatemala provides an overview of the recent work at WHO to identify tobacco control research priorities as part of WHO noncommunicable diseases (NCD) strategy. … Read more »

January 2010

Region: Global

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Gender, Women, and the Tobacco Epidemic:Taxation and the Economics of Tobacco Control

The first section of this chapter discusses the costs of tobacco consumption. This topic is relevant to millions of women, particularly in developing countries, because tobacco use exacerbates poverty conditions and negatively affects women’s roles as family providers. The costs of treating tobacco- related illnesses and the resulting loss of … Read more »

Tobacco Control Lessons Learned: The Impact of State and Local Policies

This chapter describes the evolution of key tobacco control policies over the past several decades and reviews the evidence base on the effectiveness of these policies in reducing tobacco use and the public health consequences it causes. Key policies include tobacco taxation, smokefree air policies, policies targeting youth, and limits … Read more »

January 2010

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

RWJF and Tobacco Policy Research: One Researcher’s Perspective

The RWJF and Tobacco Policy Research: One Researcher’s Perspective presentation given at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA,  reviews the RWJF research on the impact of tobacco taxes, state programs, tobacco marketing, and tobacco counter-marketing and discusses how to communicate those findings. … Read more »

November 2009

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Looking Backward and Looking Forward: Lessons Learned from Alcohol and Tobacco Taxes and Implications for Obesity Prevention

The Looking Backward and Looking Forward presentation give at the American Pubilc Health Association Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences, the evidence on the impact of alcoholic beverage taxes on drinking and its consequences, and the … Read more »

[Commentary] Financial Stress and Smoking Cessation – A Silver Lining to the Dark Clouds of the Global Economy?

This commentary by Frank Chaloupka looks at an article by Siahpush and colleagues in the journal Addiction. The article, entitled “Smokers with financial stress are more likely to want to quit but less likely to try or succeed: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey” looks at … Read more »

August 2009

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Handbook of Research on Cost–Benefit Analysis, Ch 19: The Value of the 1964 Surgeon General’s Report

In this chapter we extend the framework of Murphy and Topel (2003a) and Nordhaus (2003) on the benefits of medical research. Their point of departure is the striking increase in life expectancy in the United States over the last 50 years. In 1970, average life expectancy at birth was 70.8 … Read more »

July 2009

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka, Richard M. Peck

Project: List of All Research

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Depression, Suicide, Tobacco Control Policies, and Cigarette Smoking Among High School Students

This article is concerned with the differential impact of real pecuniary prices and youth access laws on the smoking behavior among depressed and suicidal youth. Previous cross-sectional research on adolescents has a found a strong positive relationship between cigarette-smoking and depression. This article attempts to fill a void in this … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco Control: Smoke-Free Air Policies and Tobacco Taxes

The Economics and Tobacco Control: Smoke-Free Air Policies and Tobacco Taxes presentation given at the 2009 Tobacco Summit in Fairbanks, AK, provides a brief overview of smoke-free air policies in the US, the costs of smoking to businesses, the evidence of the economic impact of smoke-free policies, and the myths … Read more »

April 2009

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economics of Smoke-Free Air Policies

The Economics of Smoke-Free Air Policies presentation given at the California Tobacco Control Program, Project Directors’ Meeting in Napa, CA, reviews the costs of smoking to businesses and the economic impact of smoke free policies. … Read more »

February 2009

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Cigarette Smoking Prevalence and Policies in the 50 States: An Era of Change

The report bore a simple, understated title: “Smoking and Health”. But when it was issued in 1964 by the United States Surgeon General, it signaled the beginning of a massive public health campaign to curtail tobacco consumption (Figure 1). Now, more than 40 years later, we recognize that smoking harms … Read more »

IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention, Tobacco Control, Vol. 13: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Smoke-Free Policies

This volume is a critical review of the published literature on this highly sensitive issue, led by a Working Group of 17 scientists from nine countries, which draws conclusions about the effectiveness of smoke-free policies. The volume covers the evolution of smoke-free policies, the impact of smoke-free policies on businesses … Read more »

Smoking, Food Insecurity, and Tobacco Control

Extensive research has documented the harmful impact of smoking on adult and children’s health.Smoking causes numerous diseases and harms nearly every organ in the body, while exposure to secondhand smoke causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmokers. Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the likelihood of premature birth, still birth, … Read more »

November 2008

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

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The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control presentation given at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, International Tobacco Control Leadership Program in Baltimore, MD, reviews the economic rationale for government intervention and provides myths and facts about the economic costs of tobacco taxation and tobacco control. The presentation also provides … Read more »

July 2008

Region: Global

Authors: Frrank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Tobacco Taxation

The Tobacco Taxation presentation given at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, International Tobacco Control Leadership Program in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the need and impact of tobacco taxes, the types of tobacco taxes, and the myths and facts about the economic impact of tobacco tax increases. … Read more »

July 2008

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Effectiveness of Smoke-Free Policies

Second-hand smoke contains carcinogens, such as benzene, 1,3-butadiene, benzo[a]pyrene, and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone. Inhalation of second-hand smoke is now well documented as causing harm to health, including lung cancer and cardiovascular disease in adults, respiratory disease in adults and children, and sudden infant death syndrome. Smoke-free policies include legislative and other measures to protect … Read more »

July 2008

Region: Global

Authors: John P Pierce, María E León

Project: List of All Research

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Enhancing Compliance with Tobacco Control Policies

This paper examines enforcement issues for three tobacco control policies: youth access laws, clean air laws, and most extensively, excise taxes. There are efficient methods for improving tax compliance that require little in the way of additional government resources. Interstate smuggling could be greatly reduced if the low-tax states raised … Read more »

Why is Tobacco Price Manipulation a Problem? Point-of-Sale Marketing and Cigarette Smoking

The presentation given at the Summit to Identify Policy Strategies to Address Retail Tobacco Price Manipulation in San Francisco, CA, briefly reviews the recent trends in cigarette company marketing expenditures and impact on price, the impact of cigarette marketing on youth and adult cigarette smoking, and the effects of point-of-sale … Read more »

May 2008

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

News on Tobacco and Public Attitudes Toward Smokefree Air Policies in the United States.

Objectives: Smoking bans are a central component of comprehensive tobacco control programs, and an increasing number of states and localities have adopted them. Public support is critical as efforts continue to extend protection from secondhand smoke to all. We examine the relationship between state print news coverage of tobacco and public sentiment towards smoking bans. Methods: We … Read more »

April 2008

Region: Domestic

Authors: KC Smith, C Siebel, L Pham, J Cho, RF Singer, FJ Chaloupka, M Griswold, M Wakefield

Project: List of All Research

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The Economics of Tobacco Taxation In Massachusetts

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation presentation given at Harvard University School of Public Health, provides an overview of the history of cigarette and other tobacco taxes in the US, the evidence on the impact of taxes  on prices and tobacco use, the myths and facts about the economic costs of … Read more »

March 2008

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

The Economic Impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws

Clean indoor air laws are easily implemented, are well accepted by the public, reduce nonsmoker exposure to secondhand smoke, and contribute to a reduction in overall cigarette consumption. There are currently thousands of clean indoor air laws throughout the United States, and the majority of Americans live in areas where … Read more »

November 2007

Region: Domestic

Authors: Michael Eriksen, Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Public Health Obesity-Related TV Advertising: Lessons Learned from Tobacco

Background: Over the past 25 years, the percent of overweight and obese adults and children in the United States has increased dramatically. The magnitude and scope of the public health threat from obesity have resulted in calls for a national comprehensive obesity prevention strategy, akin to tobacco use prevention strategies undertaken … Read more »

Relation Between Newspaper Coverage of Tobacco Issues and Smoking Attitudes and Behaviour Among American Teens

Objective: Geographic variation in youth smoking prevalence suggests that community-level factors influence risk of tobacco use. We examine the extent to which newspaper coverage of tobacco issues is related to youth smoking attitudes and behaviours. Design: We conducted a content analysis of 8390 newspaper articles on tobacco issues from 386 daily newspapers circulating … Read more »

July 2007

Region: Domestic

Authors: K Clegg Smith, M A Wakefield, Y Terry-McElrath, F J Chaloupka, B Flay, L Johnston, A Saba, C Siebel

Project: List of All Research

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The Impact of Retail Cigarette Marketing Practices on Youth Smoking Uptake

Objective:  To examine the differential associations of cigarette retail marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. Design:  Analyses from annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional surveys of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in the United States. Setting:  The February 1999 through June 2003 Monitoring the Future surveys involved 109 308 students and data on retail cigarette marketing collected from … Read more »

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation presentation given at the National Tobacco Control Program and Evaluation Meeting in Atlanta, GA, provides an overview of the history of cigarette and other tobacco taxes in the US, the evidence on the impact of taxes on prices and tobacco use, the myths and facts … Read more »

October 2006

Region: Domestic

Authors: Frank J. Chaloupka

Project: List of All Research

Do State Expenditures on Tobacco Control Programs Decrease Use of Tobacco Products Among College Students? (Working Paper)

The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of state tobacco control program expenditures on individual-level tobacco use behaviors among young adults. Data come from the 1993, 1997, 1999 and 2001 waves of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS). Our findings indicate that a … Read more »