Displaying all 397 records in the database

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka at the Customs and Excise Directorate General, Ministry of Finance, in Jakarta, Indonesia, on April 5, 2017. The presentation covers the economic costs of tobacco use, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, myths & facts on the economic “costs” of … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka at the International Symposium on Tobacco Control: An Evaluation and the Way Forward on March 28, 2017, in Seoul, Republic of Korea.  The presentation covers the economic costs of tobacco use, the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use, myths & … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Hana Ross at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 9, 2017.  The presentation reviews the evidence on smoking prevalence, tax and price, and illicit cigarette trade in Europe. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Europe / Excise Taxes / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tax Increase / Tax Policy / Tax Reform / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 10, 2017.  The presentation reviews the evidence on how smoke-free air laws impact casino revenues and concludes with a study of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Cigarette smoking / Economic impact / Economics / government regulation / Illinois / Impact on Business / Smoke-free Air Policies / Smoke-free Policies / State-level policies / Tobacco Control Policies

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting in Florence, Italy, on March 9, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of the main conclusions of the NCI & WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control, of … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Employment / government regulation / Government Revenue / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tax Policy / Tax Reforms / Tax Revenue / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / WHO / World Health Organization

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March 2017

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Congreso de Investigación en Salud Pública in Cuernacava, Mexico, on March 3, 2017.  The presentation describes how fiscal policies can be used to incentivize healthy behaviors, through the examples of tobacco and soda taxes. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Soda Tax / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Oklahoma Hospital Association in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on March 1, 2017. The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Oklahoma / State-level policies / Tax Increase / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the University of Oklahoma’s Stephenson Cancer Center in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on February 28, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Oklahoma / State-level policies / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This report outlines what Oklahoma could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Oklahoma / Tax Increase / Taxation

This presentation was given by Michele Bloch to the World Bank Group on February 27, 2017. It reviews the work of the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Tobacco Control Research Branch up to and including the January 2017 NCI/WHO monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Economic impact / Economics / Globalization / Reduce Smoking / Smoking / tobacco

Dr. Chaloupka was interviewed by Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Jo Birckmayer on February 23, 2017, in New York City.  This was Bloomberg Philanthropies’ first Facebook LIVE episode in a new series called The … Read more »

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the University of Illinois at Chicago’s School of Public Health in Chicago, Illinois, on February 10, 2017.  The presentation covers the health and economic impacts of non-communicable diseases; the impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage taxes on use and consequences … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol Tax / Alcohol taxation / Alcohol use / Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Excise Taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Obesity / Obesity Prevention / Soda Tax / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka as testimony at the Sugary Beverage Tax Public Hearing of the Standing Committee on Finance and Portfolio Committee on Health in Cape Town, South Africa, on January 31, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of Mexico’s experience with their sugary beverage tax, general arguments about … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Employment / Excise Taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Mexico / Obesity Prevention / Soda Tax / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Red Intersectorial LatinoAmericana de Politica Fiscal para Control de Tabaco in San Jose, Costa Rica, on January 25, 2017.  The presentation provides an overview of the benefits of tobacco taxes, the earmarking of tobacco tax revenues for health promotion and prevention, … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Low-Income Smokers / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tax Increase / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Revenue / Tobacco Tax

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Wyoming as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Wisconsin as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Washington as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Utah as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of South Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Oregon as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Oklahoma as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Oklahoma / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of North Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of New York as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of New Mexico as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Nevada as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Nebraska as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Nebraska / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Montana as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Minnesota as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Minnesota / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Michigan as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Iowa as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Idaho as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Florida as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Arizona as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Arizona / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and, where applicable, other tobacco products on tribal reservations in the state of Alaska as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Alaska / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This document explains how to read the state profile pages that complement the chartbook State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015. … Read more »

Keywords: State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Data set

Region: Domestic

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 20 states with laws pertaining to on-reservation tobacco sales examined in the companion chartbook, State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015. The data files are available in two formats, Microsoft Excel and STATA version … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Tribal Lands / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This document explains how to read the local profile pages that complement the chartbook Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This document explains how to read the state profile pages that complement the chartbook Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in Providence, Rhode Island, as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in New York City as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Wisconsin as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents information on the cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of West Virginia as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Washington as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Tennessee as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of South Dakota as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Rhode Island as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Pennsylvania as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Pennsylvania

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Oklahoma as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Oklahoma

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Ohio as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Ohio

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of New York as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of New Jersey as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Nevada as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Nebraska as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Nebraska

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Montana as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Mississippi as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

Some manufacturers of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) voluntarily carried health warnings in their advertisements. This study examined these voluntary warnings in magazine ads and plotted their trends between 2012 and early 2015. ENDS magazine ads were obtained through Kantar media and warnings were collected from the Chicago Public Library … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / FDA / Marketing Practices / Media / Nicotine / Product Regulation / United States / Warning Labels

Tobacconomics team members were the scientific editors and co-authors of this monograph, a collaboration between the National Cancer Institute and the World Health Organization. The report examines the current research and evidence base surrounding the economics of tobacco control—including tobacco use, tobacco growing, manufacturing and trade, tobacco product taxes and … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Imports / Cigarette Packages / Cigarette Price / Cigarette Tax Rate / Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / Excise Taxes / FDI & Privatization / Globalization / government regulation / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Low-income countries / Marketing Practices / middle-income countries / Poverty / Price / Retail Cigarette Marketing / Smoking cessation / smoking/prevention and control / socioeconomic inequities / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies / Tobacco farming / Tobacco Revenue / Tobacco Tax / Trade Agreements / Warning Labels / WHO / World Health Organization

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Please note: the download link will take you to ajpmonline.org, which requires a paid subscription to read the full article

January 2017

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Introduction: This paper estimated the association between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s 2009 ban on flavored cigarettes (which did not apply to menthol cigarettes or tobacco products besides cigarettes) and adolescents’ tobacco use. Methods: Regression modeling was used to evaluate tobacco use before and after the ban. The analyses controlled for … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Cigarette smoking / FDA / Flavored Tobacco Products / Impact on Youth / Product Regulation / Tobacco Control Policies / tobacco use / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Minnesota as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Minnesota

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Massachusetts as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Massachusetts / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Maryland as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Maine as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Louisiana as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Louisiana / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Iowa as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Indiana as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Indiana / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Idaho as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Colorado as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Colorado / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of California as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: California / Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Arkansas as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Arkansas / Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

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January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product minimum pricing policy in the state of Alaska as of 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Alaska / Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws

January 2017

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Data set

Region: Domestic

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 27 states and two localities that have cigarette and, where applicable, other tobacco product minimum pricing policies as of 2015 examined in the companion chartbook, Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015. The data files are available in … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Price / State-level policies / United States

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January 2017

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Objective: To estimate cigarette demand and to simulate a tax policy targeted to reduce tobacco consumption. Materials and Methods: Demand was estimated using a vector error correction model. Simulation exercises present the impact of a tax increase on consumption and revenues. Results: Changes in real income and the real price of cigarettes affect the demand … Read more »

Keywords: Argentina / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Price / Cigarette Tax Rate / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Price / Price Increases / Tax Increase / Taxation / Tobacco Tax

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December 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, Tobacco Product Pricing Laws: A State-by-State Analysis, 2015, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint (.pptx) format. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / government regulation / Minimum Pricing Laws / policy / Price / State-level policies / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, State Regulation of Tribal Tobacco Sales: A Historical State-by-State Analysis, 2005–2015, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / government regulation / Other Tobacco Products / Tobacco Tax / Tobacco Tax Stamps / Tribal Lands / United States

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December 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the markup rates for cigarettes across all distributing parties in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Cost / government regulation / Minimum Pricing Laws / Price / State-level policies / United States

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December 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the policy factors that decrease the base cost of cigarettes in minimum pricing policy states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / government regulation / Minimum Pricing Laws / policy / Price / State-level policies / United States

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December 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the policy factors that increase the base cost of cigarettes in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / government regulation / Minimum Pricing Laws / policy / Price / State-level policies / United States

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December 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the markup rates (or minimum price laws) for cigarettes across all distributing parties in minimum pricing policy states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / Price / State-level policies / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the use of four key strategies used to regulate on-reservation tobacco taxation and sales policies in tribal states as of January 1, 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: government regulation / Other Tobacco Products / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the tobacco tax laws in tribal states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: government regulation / Other Tobacco Products / Tribal Lands / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the tobacco tax stamp laws in tribal states between 2005 and 2015. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / State-level policies / Tobacco Tax Stamps / Tribal Lands / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Tribal

Content type: Monograph/Chartbook

Region: Domestic

This chartbook provides a detailed overview of sales laws pertaining to cigarettes and other tobacco products (“OTP”) on tribal reservations in the 20 states with laws pertaining to on-reservation tobacco sales and taxation (“tribal states”) in effect as of January 1, 2015. It illustrates the state-by-state tribal sales laws for … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / Discount Cigarettes / government regulation / Other Tobacco Products / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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December 2016

Topics: Tax and price / Minimum Pricing Policies

Content type: Monograph/Chartbook

Region: Domestic

This chartbook reviews strategies incorporated into state law to control tobacco product pricing. It includes a national overview, highlights notable trends and opportunities, and provides detailed state profiles and data comparing all 27 states and two localities with such policies. This chartbook demonstrates the wide variation in how states regulate … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / government regulation / Minimum Pricing Laws / Other Tobacco Products / Price / Price variability

This fact sheet outlines what Indiana could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Tax Rate / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Indiana / State-level policies / Tax Increase / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health

This fact sheet was designed to complement a report launched at a meeting at the Parliament Palace in Bucharest, Romania, on November 22, 2016.  The fact sheet provides a brief review of tobacco taxation in Romania. It describes tobacco use and its consequences in Romania, tobacco tax structure and revenues, and cigarette prices. The … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Europe / Impact of tobacco taxes / middle-income countries / Romania / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Tax

This report, launched at a meeting at the Parliament Palace in Bucharest, Romania, on November 22, 2016, provides a comprehensive overview of the economics of tobacco and tobacco taxation in Romania. It reviews tobacco use and its consequences in Romania, the supply of tobacco and tobacco products, tobacco control, tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / Cigarette smoking / Cigarette Tax Rate / Europe / European Regions / Impact of tobacco taxes / middle-income countries / Romania / Smoke-free Air Policies / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, in Johannesburg, South Africa, on November 14, 2016. The presentation covers the following topics: Health & economic impact of non-communicable diseases Rationale for taxation to address NCDs Impact of tobacco, alcohol, and sugary beverage … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol taxation / Cigarette Excise Tax / Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Myths and Facts / Soda Tax / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the National Treasury Consultation on Taxation of Sugary Beverages in Midrand, South Africa, on November 11, 2016.  The presentation opens with general arguments about the employment impact of sin taxes and then reviews the empirical evidence on tobacco, sugary beverages, and alcoholic … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol Tax / Alcohol taxation / Cigarette Excise Tax / Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Soda Tax / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

Introduction: Tobacco use has shifted increasingly from cigarettes to other products. While the focus has been mostly on cigarette-oriented policies, it is important to gauge the effects of policies targeting other products. We review and critique the literature on how policies affect smokeless tobacco (ST). Methods: We conducted a search of … Read more »

Keywords: Control Policies / Other Tobacco Products / Smokless Tobacco / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / United States

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October 2016

Topic: Tax avoidance and evasion

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Introduction: A number of recent studies document the proportion of all cigarette packs that are ‘contraband’ using discarded packs to measure tax avoidance and evasion, which we call tax non-compliance. To date, academic studies using discarded packs focused on relatively small geographical areas such as a city or a neighbourhood. Methods: … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Packages / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Littered Pack Inspection / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tobacco Tax Stamps / United States

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October 2016

Topic: Tobacco use

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background: Non-menthol characterising flavours (eg, fruit, candy) are banned in cigarettes, yet are still permitted in non-cigarette tobacco (NCT) products. This study examined associations between first use and current use of flavoured tobacco products, and current flavoured tobacco use and quit behaviours. Methods: A nationally representative, telephone-based survey completed in 2012 … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Flavored Tobacco Products / Other Tobacco Products / Quit Attempts / tobacco / tobacco use / United States

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October 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background: Minimum markup/price laws (MPLs) have been proposed as an alternative non-tax pricing strategy to reduce tobacco use and access. However, the empirical evidence on the effectiveness of MPLs in increasing cigarette prices is very limited. This study aims to fill this critical gap by examining the association between MPLs … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Minimum Pricing Laws / United States

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Summit on Creation of a Tobacco Endgame for Canada in Kingston, Ontario, on September 30, 2016. The presentation covers tax, price, and tobacco use; the economic impact of tobacco use; and the economic impact of tobacco control. It dispels myths related … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Electronic Cigarettes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Business / Myths and Facts / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tobacco Tax

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the NAAG Master Settlement Agreement Triennial Conference in Portland, Maine, on September 20, 2016. The presentation details the impact of tax and price on tobacco use. It also covers optimizing tobacco taxation, including: curbing tax avoidance and evasion; implementing pack markings, licensing, and … Read more »

Keywords: Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Electronic Cigarettes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tax Policy / Tax Structure / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / United States

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September 2016

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Background: China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of cigarettes. The status of tobacco as both a contributor to China’s economy and a liability for the health of its population may complicate the use of taxes for addressing smoking in the country. Understanding how cigarette prices affect transitions in … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / China / Cigarette Price / Cigarette smoking / Price / Price Elasticity / Quit Rates

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September 2016

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Regions: Domestic / Global

This presentation was given by Frank Chaloupka at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco – Europe Annual Meeting in Prague, Czech Republic, on September 8, 2016. The presentation covers demand for e-cigarettes, including the effects of prices on e-cigarette demand and cross-price and other effects. It also covers … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / Excise Taxes / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health

We analyze data about cigarette tax compliance from the first national scale littered cigarette packs collection. We code each pack based on whether an appropriate tax had been paid at the location where it was found. Noncompliance across our 132 sample communities ranges from zero to one hundred percent with an appropriately weighted … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Packages / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cross-Border Purchasing / Littered Pack Inspection / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / United States

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August 2016

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Objectives: To examine disparities in the price of tobacco and nontobacco products in pharmacies compared with other types of stores. Methods: We recorded the prices of Marlboro, Newport, the cheapest cigarettes, and bottled water in a random sample of licensed tobacco retailers (n = 579) in California in 2014. We collected comparable data from retailers … Read more »

Keywords: Bridging the Gap / Cigarette Price / Point of Sale / United States

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June 2016

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background: Native American tribes, as sovereign nations, are exempt from state tobacco excise taxation, and self-govern on-reservation activity in the USA. Under Federal law, state excise taxes are owed by non-members purchasing tobacco on tribal land, but states are limited in how they enforce or collect these taxes. This study … Read more »

Keywords: Price / State-level policies / Tax Structure / Tobacco Tax / Tobacco Tax Stamps / Tribal Lands / United States

Numerous studies have examined the effect of cigarette prices on cigarette consumption. These studies either evaluate the price elasticity of demand for each observation and report the average price elasticity across all observations or report the price elasticity of demand at the mean of the price variable. Policy makers rely on these average … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Price / Price Elasticity / United States

We use data from the 2006–07 and 2010–11 waves of the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey to calculate cigarette price elasticities that compensate for within-state cigarette prices. We use four state-level cigarette price measures and two sub-state-level cigarette price measures. One of the local price measures allows for tax avoidance-related … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Price / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cross-Border Purchasing / Price Elasticity / Price variability / United States

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May 2016

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Introduction: Many European Union (EU) Member States have expressed the need for EU legislation to clarify the issue of e-cigarette taxation, but the economic evidence to inform creation of such policies has been lacking. To date, only one study – on the U.S. only – has examined responsiveness of e-cigarette … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Electronic Cigarettes / Price Elasticity

This study uses nationally representative individual level cohort data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Bangladesh Survey, conducted in four waves in 2009, 2010, 2011‐12 and 2014‐15, to measure the affordability of tobacco products in terms of Relative Income Price (RIP). The study shows that tobacco products are becoming more affordable … Read more »

Keywords: Affordability / Bangladesh / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Tax Policy / Tax Structure

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April 2016

Topic: Tobacco use

Content type: Journal article

Regions: Domestic / Global

Background/aims: A debate is currently underway about the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) methods for evaluating antitobacco regulation. In particular, the US government requires a cost-benefit analysis for significant new regulations, which has led the FDA to consider potential lost subjective well-being (SWB) of ex-smokers as a cost of any … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / government regulation / Psychological Aspect

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the 8th National Summit on Smokeless and Spit Tobacco in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on April 20, 2016.  It reviews state taxation of other tobacco products, the impact of tax structure on price, and the impact of taxes and prices on smokeless … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Other Tobacco Products / Price / Tax Policy / Tax Structure

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Ministerial Leadership in Health Forum at Harvard University on April 19, 2016.  The presentation provides an overview of the health and economic consequences of tobacco use and tobacco taxation. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tax Revenue

Background: Point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising has been linked to youth smoking susceptibility and experimental smoking. However, there is limited evidence of the association between POS advertising bans and youth smoking participation. This study aims to examine how such bans are associated with current smoking, daily smoking, and regular smoking (≥1 … Read more »

Keywords: Global Youth Tobacco Survey / Point of Sale / Retail Cigarette Marketing / Youth Smoking

This presentation, given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Frank J. Chaloupka on March 5, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois, addresses the demand for e-cigarettes, the effects of prices on e-cigarette demand, options for ENDS Taxation, and potential e-cigarette tax revenues. … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Kai-Wen Cheng on March 4, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. This study quantifies the national medical care cost and other cost savings from the reductions in secondhand smoke that will arise if graphic warning labels are … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Graphic Warning Labels / Public Health / second-hand smoke

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Kai-Wen Cheng on March 4, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois.  The study quantifies the national medical care cost and other cost savings from the reductions in prenatal smoking that will arise if graphic warning … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Graphic Warning Labels / Public Health

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Jozsef Bodrogi on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study reviews the implementation and outcomes of a national policy to reduce tobacco retail density in Hungary. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Consumption / Control Policies / government regulation / Hungary

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March 2016

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Global

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Ede Lázár on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. Using data from the 2011 Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in Romania, we found that higher cigarette prices are associated with reduced cigarette consumption among smokers, … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Demand / Price Elasticity / Romania

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March 2016

Topics: Tobacco use / Cessation

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Danielle Smith on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study examined associations between first use and current use of flavored tobacco products as well as associations between current flavored tobacco use and … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Other Tobacco Products / Quit Attempts

This poster was presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Árpád Szabó on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The researchers conducted a qualitative study of current tobacco farming and production policies and practices to evaluate the impact of these policies and practices on tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: Government Intervention / government regulation / Romania / Tobacco farming

This presentation was given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Lisa Henriksen on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. In two large representative samples of tobacco retailers, the researchers compared prices for tobacco and non-tobacco products in pharmacies with other types of tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / Cigarette Price

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March 2016

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

This poster presentation was given by Pratibha Nayak at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois. The study sought to (a) provide insights into barriers to implementation of current and future proposed FDA regulations on ENDS and, (b) how it … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / government regulation

This presentation was given at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) Annual Meeting by Sandy Slater on March 3, 2016, in Chicago, Illinois.  It describes a study that uses data collected from retail store observation audits to determine whether product availability, placement, promotion, and price of all tobacco products has … Read more »

Keywords: Youth Access / Youth Access Laws / Youth Smoking

This report outlines what Louisiana could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Tax Rate / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Louisiana / State-level policies / Tax Revenue / Taxation / Tobacco Tax

Laws that restrict youth access to tobacco products can effectively reduce tobacco use among youth. Unfortunately, some local jurisdictions lack the legal authority to enact “youth access” laws because of preemption. Preemption is the invalidation of one jurisdiction’s law by the law of a higher jurisdiction, and it can prevent local … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Air Law / Smoke-free Air Policies / Youth Access / Youth Access Laws / Youth Smoking

Comprehensive smokefree air laws can effectively reduce the burden of tobacco by prohibiting smoking in places like worksites, bars, restaurants, and playgrounds. Unfortunately, some local jurisdictions lack the legal authority to enact such laws because of preemption. Preemption is the invalidation of one jurisdiction’s law by the law of a higher … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Air Law / Smoke-free Air Policies

This presentation was given by Frank J. Chaloupka at the Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center and the Stephenson Cancer Center on January 28 and 29, 2016. The presentation provides an overview of tobacco taxation, the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, industry price marketing, and counterarguments. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Oklahoma

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January 2016

Topics: Tobacco use / Supply-side issues and interventions / Product regulation / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Aims: To estimate the effect of potential regulations of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among adult smokers, including increasing taxes, reducing flavour availability, and adding warning labels communicating various levels of risk. Design: We performed a discrete choice experiment (DCE) among a national sample of 1,200 adult smokers. We examined heterogeneity … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / government regulation / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Tax / United States / Youth Smoking

Background and Objectives: while existing research has demonstrated a positive association between exposure to point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising and youth smoking, there is limited evidence on the relationship between POS advertising restrictions and experimental smoking among youth. This study aims to fill this research gap by analyzing the association between … Read more »

Keywords: Global Youth Tobacco Survey / marketing bans / MPOWER / Point of Sale / Youth Smoking

This report was created in partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office on Smoking and Health. The purpose of the report is to provide a brief assessment of illicit tobacco trade in the United States and options at different levels of government for preventing and reducing these … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tobacco Tax / United States

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November 2015

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Brief

Region: Domestic

This brief examines how cigarette pricing differs by the racial/ethnic composition of neighborhoods where cigarettes are sold in the United States. The analyses are based on data collected from 2010 to 2012 from 6,998 retail stores in a nationally representative sample of 468 public middle and high school enrollment areas. … Read more »

Keywords: Bridging the Gap / Cigarette Price / Ethnicity / Price variability / Race

This chapter of the book Cancer discusses: the epidemiology of smoking-attributable diseases, smoking and cessation patterns worldwide, interventions to raise cessation rates rapidly (including tobacco taxes), cost effectiveness of tobacco control, implementation of tobacco control interventions. Read the full chapter here. … Read more »

Keywords: Cost / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Smoke-free Policies / Smoking cessation / Tobacco Control / Uruguay

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November 2015

Topics: Tobacco use / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Global

This poster was presented by Ce Shang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 4, 2015. The study analyzes the association between prices of cigarettes, bidis, and chewing tobacco with tobacco use onset with any of these tobacco forms. … Read more »

Keywords: Bidis / Cigarette Price / Cigarette smoking / India / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Other Tobacco Products / Price / tobacco use

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November 2015

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

This poster was presented by Yawen Liu at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 3, 2015. The study describes differences in product availability, promotion, price, and placement of various tobacco products in the point-of-sale environment across time. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Point of Sale / Price marketing / Retail Cigarette Marketing / United States

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November 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

This poster was presented by Jidong Huang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 1, 2015. The study assesses the impact of tax structure changes for other tobacco products on retail prices of other tobacco products using the state-level tax structure and prices data … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure

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November 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Global

This poster was presented by Ce Shang at the American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois, on November 1, 2015. The study analyzes the association between tax structures and price variability using data from many countries in order to provide evidence that can be generalized worldwide. … Read more »

Keywords: Price variability / Tax Structure / Taxation

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October 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Report

Region: Global

This Report analyses the facts about the economics of cigarette taxation in Kenya and project the effects of recent proposed cigarette tax policy changes on tax revenue and public health. In June 2015, Kenya attempted to simplify the cigarette excise tax structure by introducing a uniform specific rate of KShs. 2500 … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Kenya / Tax Structure / Taxation

In Perth for the Oceania Tobacco Control Conference 2015, Dr. Chaloupka was interviewed on Periscope by Marie McInerney of Croakey News.  In the interview, they discuss current issues in the economics of tobacco control, including: fallacies of economic arguments made by tobacco companies examples of countries that have excelled at … Read more »

Keywords: Australia / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Electronic Cigarettes / government regulation / Impact on Business / Low-income countries / Low-Income Smokers / Spain / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tobacco Control Strategies

While the U.S. has made much progress in reducing tobacco use, two bills approved by the House Appropriations Committee threaten to reverse advances that have been made in recent years. The Hill published an editorial from Dr. Chaloupka urging Congress to reject the provisions.  Read the full editorial here. … Read more »

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October 2015

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Interview

Region: Global

Amidst calls for the government of New Zealand to consider its next move on smoke-free policies, Dr. Chaloupka met with economics journalist Nadine Chalmers-Ross on New Zealand’s national television broadcaster TVNZ.  They discuss tobacco taxation, its impact on low-income populations, and other potential strategies to reduce smoking and improve health … Read more »

Keywords: Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / New Zealand / Tax Policy / Taxation / Tobacco Tax

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October 2015

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Interview

Region: Global

Dr. Frank Chaloupka is a distinguished professor of economics at the University of Illinois at Chicago and is an internationally respected scientist in the area of tobacco control. He is the director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center on the Economics of Tobacco Control, and also a research associate … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol taxation / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / New Zealand / Tax Policy / Taxation / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Data set

Region: Domestic

These files provide the compiled state law data for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia for the 11 non-cigarette tobacco products examined in the companion chartbook, Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005-2014. The data files are available in two formats, Microsoft Excel … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

This slide deck presents background information on the chartbook, Tobacco Product Taxation: An Analysis of State Tax Schemes Nationwide, Selected Years, 2005-2014, and includes a summary of the key findings including all of the graphics and tables included in the national overview section of the chartbook. The slides are available in PowerPoint (.pptx) … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Wyoming for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Wisconsin for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of West Virginia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Washington for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Virginia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Vermont for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Utah for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Texas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Tennessee for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of South Dakota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of South Carolina for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Rhode Island for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Pennsylvania for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Oregon for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Oklahoma for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Ohio for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of North Dakota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of North Carolina for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New York for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Mexico for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Jersey for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of New Hampshire for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Nevada for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Nebraska for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Montana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Missouri for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Mississippi for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Minnesota for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Michigan for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Massachusetts for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Maryland for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Maine for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Louisiana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Kentucky for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Kansas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Iowa for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Indiana for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Illinois for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Idaho for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Report

Region: Domestic

Taxation has long been accepted as a primary policy tool for reducing tobacco use and smoking rates. The Tax Burden on Tobacco, originally published by the Tobacco Institute and now by Orzechowski & Walker Consulting, is the primary source researchers use for data on tobacco tax rates in the United … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Oklahoma / Taxation / Tribal Lands

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Hawaii for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Monograph/Chartbook

Region: Domestic

This chartbook documents how states have changed their tax rates and structures for tobacco products from 2005 to 2014—a critical decade for emerging tobacco products and tax strategies. It includes a national overview, highlights notable trends and opportunities, and provides detailed state profiles and data comparing all 50 states and the District of … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Georgia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Florida for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Delaware for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the District of Columbia for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Connecticut for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Colorado for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of California for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Arkansas for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Arizona for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Alaska for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet presents data on cigarette and other tobacco product taxation in the state of Alabama for selected years, 2005 through 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in snus taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in smokeless tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in RYOT tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in pipe tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the prevalence of taxes on 11 non-cigarette tobacco products within each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1, 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in moist snuff tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in little cigar taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in dry snuff tobacco taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in dissolvable tobacco product taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in cigar taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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August 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Fact sheet

Region: Domestic

This fact sheet documents the variability in cigarillo taxation across the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as of January 1 for selected years between 2005 and 2014. … Read more »

Keywords: Other Tobacco Products / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

Our Perspective in the New England Journal of Medicine calls for differential taxes on cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other nicotine-yielding products based on their level of risk. Such a move could hasten reductions in cigarette use and, ultimately, the disease and deaths it causes. Read the full Perspective piece via the New England Journal of Medicine … Read more »

Keywords: Excise Taxes / FDA / government regulation / Harm Reduction / Product Regulation / Taxation / Tobacco Tax / United States

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July 2015

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Objectives: We assessed sociodemographic disparities in local 100% smoke-free laws prohibiting smoking in all indoor areas of nonhospitality worksites, restaurants, and bars in 10 states. Methods: We obtained data on local 100% smoke-free laws (US Tobacco Control Laws Database) and subcounty characteristics (2006–2010 American Community Survey) for Alabama, Alaska, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North … Read more »

Keywords: government regulation / Health Disparities / legislation / Public Health / second-hand smoke / Smoke-free Air Policies / Smoke-free Policies / socioeconomic inequities / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / United States

For this analysis, our researchers obtained reports of state tobacco control programs’ expenditures for fiscal year 2011 for all 50 states and DC. In addition to total tobacco control expenditures, expenditure data were collected for the five program components outlined in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Best Practices report (2007): 1) … Read more »

Keywords: Tobacco Control Policies / United States

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June 2015

Topic: Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Report

Region: Domestic

The State Tobacco Control Expenditure Database (STCED), compiled by the Health Policy Center (HPC) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), is the first national surveillance and monitoring system that collects, tracks, and reports all 50 states and the District of Columbia’s actual spending on tobacco control and prevention … Read more »

Keywords: State Funding / State-level policies / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies / United States

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June 2015

Content type: Interview

Region: Global

The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC Project), founded in 2002, systematically evaluates key policies of the WHO FCTC in 22 countries, containing more than 50% of the world’s population, 60% of the world’s smokers and 70% of the world’s tobacco users. In this podcast Corne Van Walbeek, guest editor … Read more »

This report found that although some states have adopted one or two stamping policies, states do not take a comprehensive approach to tobacco tax stamping, which could be an important tool in reducing illicit trade and revenue loss in the U.S. Applying tax stamps to all tobacco products, and for … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cross-Border Purchasing / government regulation / Product Regulation / State-level policies / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / Tobacco Tax Stamps / Tribal Lands / United States

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death and disability around the globe, contributing to six million deaths per year. Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions. This report illustrates the diversity of approaches for limiting illicit tobacco trade in a number of countries … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Criminal Networks / Cross-Border Purchasing / government regulation / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / WHO / World Health Organization

The tobacco market, like many other markets, is subject to illegal activities, primarily related to tax evasion and counterfeiting of legal products. Since a sizable illicit tobacco market can both deprive governments of much needed revenue and undermine the effectiveness of tobacco control efforts, governments dealing with the issue have … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Criminal Networks / Cross-Border Purchasing / government regulation / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / WHO / World Health Organization

This report presents a series of case studies on the efforts of various governments to address illicit trade in tobacco. The countries for the case studies were selected based on meeting the following set of criteria: an explicit, and in many cases a comprehensive, effort to deal with tobacco tax … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Control Policies / Criminal Networks / Cross-Border Purchasing / government regulation / middle-income countries / Product Regulation / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / WHO / World Health Organization

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April 2015

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Background: Few studies have examined the impact of tobacco tax and price policies in China. In addition, very little is known about the differential responses to tax and price increases based on socioeconomic status in China. Objective: To estimate the conditional cigarette consumption price elasticity among adult urban smokers in China … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / China / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Price / Gender / International Tobacco Control China Survey / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Socio-economic status

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April 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Background: Recent studies have shown that more opportunities exist for tax avoidance when cigarette excise tax structure departs from a uniform specific structure. However, the association between tax structure and cigarette price variability has not been thoroughly studied in the existing literature. Objective: To examine how cigarette tax structure is associated with price … Read more »

Keywords: Ad Valorem / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / Excise Taxes / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Price / Price Elasticity / Price variability / Tax Structure / Tax Structures

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March 2015

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Global

This poster, presented in March 2015 at the World Conference on Tobacco OR Health in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, explores how relative prices between three cigarette forms are associated with the choice of one form over another. Download the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / Cigarette Price / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Price / Purchase Behavior / Uruguay

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March 2015

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Global

This poster, presented at the World Conference on Tobacco OR Health in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in March 2015 examines how cigarette tax structure is associated with price variability. Download the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Effects of taxes / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Price / Price variability / Tax Structure

(Also available in French and Spanish) The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control obligates Parties to the Treaty to implement tax and price measures to reduce the demand for tobacco. In addition to reducing demand, effective tobacco tax increases can also increase government revenue. However, because effective tobacco taxes threaten the … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Price Manipulation

This guide, released at the 2015 World Conference on Tobacco OR Health, updates and expands the 13-year old World Bank Toolkit on how to estimate the scope of tobacco smuggling. It draws on the results of numerous empirical studies that tested the applicability of five methods described in the Toolkit … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion

This report outlines what Kansas could expect from a tobacco tax increase, including a large, sustained increase in state tobacco tax revenues as well as declining smoking rates and reductions in public and private health expenditures. Download the full report and briefing slides. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Kansas / State-level policies / Taxation

Background: Little research has been done to examine whether smokers switch to illegal or roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes in response to a change in their relative price. Objective: This paper explores how relative prices between three cigarette forms (manufactured legal, manufactured illegal and RYO cigarettes) are associated with the choice of one … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / Cigarette Price / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Other Tobacco Products / Price / Uruguay

Pricing laws for tobacco, intended to promote fair competition, have an added benefit of standardizing consumer prices. Unfortunately, the power of these pricing laws may be reduced at both the distributor and consumer level. Allowing distributing parties to reduce their costs using trade/cash discounts or competitor price-matching, in conjunction with … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Discount Cigarettes / Discounts / Minimum Pricing Laws / State-level policies

This presentation at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco meeting in February 2015 highlights research on how states have minimized cigarette tax avoidance through encrypted cigarette stamps, distinctive tribal stamps, and border tax rates.  Also covered is research on what tax rates and federal law changes regarding other tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Other Tobacco Products / State-level policies / Tax Avoidance and Evasion

Background: Mauritius has made great strides in adopting evidence-based tobacco control measures, including an increase in its cigarette excise tax and antitobacco mass media (Sponge) campaign. The primary objective of this study is to examine the combined effect of these measures on smoking behaviour. Methods: This study used longitudinal data from the … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Effect of Media / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Mauritius / Media / Smoking Prevalence

Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market: Collection and Analysis of the International Experience; Committee on Law and Justice; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice; Institute of Medicine; National Research Council In response to the documented addictive and harmful health effects of … Read more »

Keywords: Cheaper Sources / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Criminal Networks / Cross-Border Purchasing / Effects of taxes / FDA / government regulation / Product Regulation / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / United States

Briefing on illicit trade report by Committee on the Illicit Tobacco Market: Collection and Analysis of the International Experience, presented upon the report’s release date, February 18, 2015.   Official Statement of Task: An ad hoc committee will conduct a study and prepare a report that will assess the scope of the international … Read more »

Keywords: Canada / Cheaper Sources / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cigarette Tax Rate / Cross-Border Purchasing / Spain / State-level policies / Tax Avoidance / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / UK / United States

The tobacco industry has a well-known track record of selling dangerous, addictive products and misleading the public about their health effects. That was true in the past and is still true today. Smoking continues to be a leading cause of preventable death and disease in Minnesota. Each year, 5,100 Minnesotans … Read more »

Keywords: Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Minnesota

We examined the impact of tobacco prices or taxes on tobacco use in Latin America and Caribbean countries. We searched MEDLINE, EconLit, LILACS, unpublished literature, 6 specialty journals, and review references. We calculated pooled price elasticities using random-effects models. The 32 studies we examined found that cigarette prices have a negative … Read more »

Keywords: Caribbean / Central America / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Demand / Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Price / Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Latin America / Low-income countries / middle-income countries / research review

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February 2015

Topics: Tobacco use / Cessation

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Background: Weight concerns are widely documented as one of the major barriers for girls and young adult women to quit smoking. Therefore, it is important to investigate whether smokers who have weight concerns respond to tobacco control policies differently than smokers who do not in terms of quit attempts, and how … Read more »

Keywords: Australia / Canada / Cessation / Cigarette smoking / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Motivation To Quit / Obesity / Quit Attempts / Tobacco Control Policies / UK / United States / Women

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January 2015

Topic: Tobacco use

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Objectives: Little is known about cigarette pricing and brand loyalty in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines these issues in Zambia, analysing data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Zambia Survey. Methods: Data from Wave 1 of the ITC Zambia Survey (2012) were analysed for current smokers of factory-made (FM) cigarettes compared with those … Read more »

Keywords: Brand Loyalty / Cigarette Brands / Cigarette Price / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Zambia

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Ohio / State-level policies / Taxation

Background: Existing evidence has shown that most smoking uptake and escalation occurs while smokers are teenagers or young adults. Effective policies that reduce smoking uptake and escalation will play an important role in curbing cigarette smoking. This study aims to investigate the effect of smoke-free air (SFA) laws in bars … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette smoking / Clean Air Law / Smoke-free Air Policies / United States / Youth Smoking

The Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 gave the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulatory authority over cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products and authorised it to assert jurisdiction over other tobacco products. As with other Federal agencies, FDA is required to assess the costs and benefits of … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Packages / Cost / Economic impact / FDA / government regulation / Graphic Warning Labels / Product Regulation / Regulatory Impact Analysis / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Warning Labels

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November 2014

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use / Product regulation

Content type: Poster

Regions: Domestic / Global

This poster, presented at the TCORS advisory meeting at the National Institutes of Health on November 3, 2014, assesses the impact of potential FDA regulatory actions on smoking prevalence among youth and young adults using international data.  This study aims to inform the FDA of the effectiveness of potential regulations on tobacco products by assessing … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / FDA / government regulation / United States / Youth Smoking

This presentation was given by Dr. Frank Chaloupka at the Building Capacity for Tobacco Research in Romania meeting in Tîrgu-Mureş, Romania, on October 20, 2014. It compares myths versus facts on the economic impact of tobacco tax increases and tobacco control policies. Dr. Chaloupka also reviews the impact of international tobacco control … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Economics / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / government regulation / Government Revenue / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies

This presentation was given at the 6th Session of the Conference of Parties (COP6) to the World Health Organization’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in Moscow, Russia, on October 13, 2014.  Dr. Frank J. Chaloupka, technical adviser to the drafting group, provides an overview of the guidelines of Article 6 … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Cigarette Tax Rate / Economic impact / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / government regulation / Government Revenue / Health Disparities / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / socioeconomic inequities / Tax Policy / Tax Revenue / Tax Structure / Taxation / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Tax / WHO / World Health Organization

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September 2014

Topics: Supply-side issues and interventions / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster describes differences in product availability, promotion, price, and placement of various tobacco products in tobacco retail environments in communities across the U.S. over time from the Bridging the Gap Community Data Collection. Preliminary findings indicating the association of youth smoking behavior … Read more »

Keywords: Bridging the Gap / Cigarette Price / Other Tobacco Products / Point of Sale / Price / Retail Cigarette Marketing / United States

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September 2014

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 A random-digit dial telephone survey was conducted from November 2012 through April 2013 with 1,444 adult (18+) tobacco users in the U.S. residing in zip codes associated with school enrollment zones for traditional public high schools participating in the 2012 Monitoring the … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Electronic Cigarettes / Other Tobacco Products / tobacco use / United States

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September 2014

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster illustrates the taxation relationship between states and Native American tribes as it relates to tobacco sales. Specifically, it looks at the use of compacts, alternative tax payments, and other various mechanisms for taxation of products sold on tribal lands. View the … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Cigarette Tax Rate / State-level policies / Tribal Lands / United States

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September 2014

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster highlights the state-level regulatory landscape and governance of unfair pricing laws and discounting programs as they relate to cigarette and tobacco product sales. Particular attention is paid to the use of coupons, combination sales, trade discounts, and other mechanisms used … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Discount Cigarettes / Discounts / Minimum Pricing Laws / State-level policies / United States

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 The poster examines how the entry of e-cigarettes into the tobacco product market affected the sales of cigarettes. View the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: Electronic Cigarettes / United States

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster explores whether the impact of cigarette price on cigarette sale and consumption changes as the price level increases. We use a variety of models, statistical methods, and data sources to detect the potential nonlinear price impact. View the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Price / Price / Price Elasticity / Price Increases / United States

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September 2014

Topic: Tax levels and structure

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster presents new data on the variable tax structure and rate of cigars, little cigars, roll-your-own tobacco, pipes and e-cigarettes from 2005-2014. Additionally, the cigarette stamp encryption technology and non-stamp record-keeping requirements that a few states are using to enforce their … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Electronic Cigarettes / Other Tobacco Products / State-level policies / Tax Structures / Tobacco Tax / United States

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September 2014

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 This poster examines the demand for a wide range of tobacco products by providing the own- and cross-price elasticities for each tobacco product using commercial store scanner data. View the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Demand / Price Elasticity / United States

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September 2014

Topic: Tax avoidance and evasion

Content type: Poster

Region: Domestic

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Conference, September 2014 We use data from a national sample of littered packs to understand the determinants of tax avoidance. Our results demonstrate that tax avoidance is strongly correlated with economic incentives but avoidance will rarely if ever result in revenue declines following tax rate … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Littered Pack Inspection / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / United States

State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Meeting, September 2014 Surveys consistently reveal a substantially lower rate of cigarette tax avoidance than physical pack collections. We document and compare the avoidance rates from the two methods and explore potential explanations for differences in the findings. View the poster here. … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Littered Pack Inspection / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / United States

This statement reviews the latest science concerning one of the newest classes of products to enter the tobacco product landscape—electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), also called electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)—and provides an overview on design, operations, constituents, toxicology, safety, user profiles, public health, youth access, impact as a cessation aid, and … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / Electronic Cigarettes / Marketing Practices / Nicotine / Policy Advocacy / Product Regulation / Smoke-free Air Policies / Smoking cessation / smoking/prevention and control / State-level policies / Tax Policy / Taxation / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / United States / Youth Smoking

The Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (STARS) survey was designed for practitioners to inform state and local tobacco control policies for the point of sale. The STARS form and training materials resulted from a collaboration of State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) researchers with stakeholders from five state health … Read more »

Keywords: Marketing Practices / Point of Sale / Price marketing / Retail Cigarette Marketing / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / United States

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July 2014

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Tobacco use / Health consequences / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Introduction: Smokers exhibit elevated risk for suicide, but it is unknown whether smoking interventions reduce suicide risk. We examined whether state-level policy interventions—increases in cigarette excise taxes and strengthening of smoke-free air laws—corresponded to reduction in suicide risk during the 1990s and early 2000s. We also examined whether the magnitude … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Excise Tax / Effectiveness of Increased Taxation / Effects of taxes / Excise Taxes / Impact on Health / Mental Health / Mortality / Quasi-Experimental research / Smoke-free Air Policies / Suicide / Tobacco Control Policies

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July 2014

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Economic impact of tobacco control / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background: Many stakeholders were interested in the potential economic impact of Pennsylvania’s 2008 Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA). This study focused on the examination of economic change subsequent to CIAA and, because CIAA allows certain venue exemptions among eating and drinking establishments, if the allowance of exemptions influenced that impact. Policy … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Indoor Air Act / Economic impact / government regulation / Impact on Drinking Establishments / Impact on Restaurants / Pennsylvania / policy / Public Health / Smoke-free Air Policies / State-level policies

Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been available for purchase in the USA since 2007, and have grown rapidly in popularity. Currently, there are no federal restrictions on e-cigarettes; therefore, any regulations are under the purview of state and/or local governments. This study examines state laws governing e-cigarettes through youth access … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Electronic Cigarettes / Excise Taxes / Exposure / government regulation / policy / Product Regulation / Purchase Laws / Smoke-free Air Policies / Smoke-free Policies / smoking/prevention and control / State-level policies / States / Tax Policy / Taxation / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies / United States / Youth Access / Youth Access Laws / Youth Smoking

Background: Since their introduction in 2007, electronic cigarette (‘e-cigarette’) awareness and use has grown rapidly. Little is known about variation in e-cigarette availability across areas with different levels of tobacco taxes and smoke-free air policies. This paper looks at US retail availability of e-cigarettes and factors at the store, neighbourhood and … Read more »

Keywords: Availability / Electronic Cigarettes / tobacco / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Control Strategies / United States

Background: While much is known about the demand for conventional cigarettes, little is known about the determinants of demand for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS or e-cigarettes). The goal of this study is to estimate the own and cross-price elasticity of demand for e-cigarettes and to examine the impact of … Read more »

Keywords: Cost / Electronic Cigarettes / Price / Price Elasticity / Purchase Behavior / Smoke-free Air Policies / Smoke-free Policies / smoking/prevention and control / United States

A uniform specific tax that accounts for 70% of average cigarette price could reduce overall cigarette consumption by 7.5%, increase tax revenues by 27.2 billion Rupees, lead to over half a million users quitting and reduce premature deaths among current adult smokers by over 180,000, while also preventing 725,000 youth from taking up smoking. Download the … Read more »

Keywords: smoking/prevention and control / Tax Policy / Tobacco Tax

The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project) was created in 2002 as an evidence-gathering system for evaluating the effectiveness of tobacco control policies of the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). This report presents research findings and cross-country comparisons on key indicators of effectiveness of … Read more »

Keywords: Price / Tax Policy / Taxation / tobacco / Tobacco Tax

High rates of tobacco use impose a large health and economic burden in Pakistan. One of the most effective ways to reduce tobacco use in Pakistan is to raise the price of tobacco products through excise tax increases. This fact sheet is drawn from our paper “The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Pakistan.” It describes … Read more »

Keywords: Pakistan / Tax Increase / Tax Policy / Tax Revenue

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March 2014

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Background: Recent studies have found that Chinese smokers are relatively unresponsive to cigarette prices. As the Chinese government contemplates higher tobacco taxes, it is important to understand the reasons for this low response. One possible explanation is that smokers buffer themselves from rising cigarette prices by switching to cheaper cigarette … Read more »

Keywords: Ad Valorem / China / Cigarette Brands / Cigarette Price / Excise Taxes / Price Influence on Brand Choice / Tax Policy / Tiered Pricing Systems

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to examine trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands and determine correlates of type of brand used and brand switching. Methods: Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) US adult smoker cohort survey were analysed. The total study sample included 6669 … Read more »

Keywords: Brand Switching / Brands / Discount Cigarettes / Minimum Pricing Laws / Premium Cigarettes / Price marketing

Background: In Bangladesh, the average excise tax on cigarettes accounted for just 38% of the average retail price of cigarettes in 2009, and 45% in 2010. Both these rates are well below the WHO recommended share of 70% of the retail price at a minimum. There is thus ample room … Read more »

Keywords: Bangladesh / Consumption / Excise Taxes / International Tobacco Control Policy / Price Elasticity / socioeconomic inequities / Tax Increase / Tax Revenue / Wave 1 Surveys / Wave 2 Surveys / WHO

Background Legal tobacco tax avoidance strategies such as cross-border cigarette purchasing may attenuate the impact of tax increases on tobacco consumption. Little is known about socioeconomic and country variations in cross-border purchasing. Objective To describe socioeconomic and country variations in cross-border cigarette purchasing in six European countries. Methods Cross-sectional data from adult … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Imports / Cross-Border Purchasing / European Regions / Tax Avoidance / Tax Increase

Background: Decades of research have produced overwhelming evidence that tobacco taxes reduce tobacco use and increase government tax revenue. The magnitude and effectiveness of taxes in reducing tobacco use provide an incentive for tobacco users, manufacturers and others, most notably criminal networks, to devise ways to avoid or evade tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: Canada / Criminal Networks / France / International Tobacco Control Policy / Malaysia / Manufacturers / Tax Avoidance and Evasion / UK

Background: The estimated effect of cigarette graphic warning labels (GWL) on smoking rates is a key input to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) regulatory impact analysis (RIA), required by law as part of its rule-making process. However, evidence on the impact of GWLs on smoking prevalence is scarce. Objective: The … Read more »

Keywords: Canada / Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Packages / FDA / Graphic Warning Labels / Regulatory Impact Analysis / Smoking Prevalence

Background: Increasing tobacco taxes to increase price is a proven tobacco control measure. This article investigates how smokers respond to tax and price increases in their choice of discount brand cigarettes versus premium brands. Objective: To estimate how increase in the tax rate can affect smokers’ choice of discount brands versus … Read more »

Keywords: Brand / Canada / Consumption / Discounts / Excise Taxes / Tax Increase

Objective: The availability of cigarettes from cheaper sources constitutes a major challenge to public health throughout the world, including China, because it may counteract price-based tobacco control policies. The goal of this study was to identify factors associated with purchasing cigarettes from cheaper sources among adult smokers in China. Methods:  Data … Read more »

Keywords: Availability / Cheaper Sources / China / Cigarette Price / Consumption / Control Policies / International Tobacco Control China Survey / Low-Income Smokers

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March 2014

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Commentary by Kenneth E. Warner in the March 2014 supplement to the journal Tobacco Control. … Read more »

Over the past few decades, the importance of economic research in advancing tobacco control policies has become increasingly clear. Extensive research has demonstrated that increasing tobacco taxes and prices is the single most cost-effective tobacco control measure. The research contained in this supplement adds to this evidence and provides new … Read more »

Background: While cigarette purchasing behaviour has been shown to be linked with certain tobacco use outcomes such as quit intentions and quit attempts, there have been very few studies examining cigarette purchasing behaviours and their impact on cigarette price and consumption in China, the world’s largest cigarette consumer. Objective: The aim … Read more »

Background: Increases in tobacco taxes are effective in reducing tobacco consumption, but because of the addictive nature of cigarettes, smokers often seek out less expensive sources of cigarettes. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of cigarette packs that are untaxed by the state in which the … Read more »

Objective: The purpose of this paper was to examine trends in the use of premium and discount cigarette brands and determine correlates of type of brand used and brand switching. Methods: Data from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) US adult smoker cohort survey were analysed. The total study sample included 6669 adult … Read more »

Background: The distribution of cigarette prices has rarely been studied and compared under different tax structures. Descriptive evidence on price distributions by countries can shed light on opportunities for tax avoidance and brand switching under different tobacco tax structures, which could impact the effectiveness of increased taxation in reducing smoking. Objective: … Read more »

Keywords: International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Price / Price variability / Tax Avoidance / Tobacco Tax

Background and aim: There is little academic research on tobacco brand loyalty and switching, and even less in restrictive marketing environments such as Australia. This paper examines tobacco brand family loyalty, reasons for choice of brand and the relation between these and sociodemographic variables over a period of 10 years in … Read more »

Keywords: Australia / Brand Loyalty / Control Policies / Restrictive Marketing Environment

Background: Recent tax increases in Mexico differed in structure and provided an opportunity to better understand tobacco industry pricing strategies, as well as smokers’ responses to any resulting price changes. Objectives: To assess if taxes were passed onto consumers of different cigarette brands, the extent of brand switching and predictors of preference for … Read more »

Keywords: Ad Valorem / Brand / Mexico / Price Gap / Tax Increase / Tax Policy

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January 2014

Topics: Tobacco use / Industry pricing / Impact on demand / Tax and price / Youth access

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: We estimated the impact of cigarette prices on youth smoking in 38 countries with the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In the first part, we estimated the impact of prices on the decision to smoke. Conditional on smoking, we then estimated the … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Effects of taxes / Global Youth Tobacco Survey / Impact on Youth / tobacco use / Youth Smoking

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January 2014

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: As stated in Article 6 of Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), increasing tobacco prices through higher taxes is one of the most effective interventions to reduce tobacco use and to encourage smokers to quit. The potential for tax increases on tobacco products in Central America is ample. We … Read more »

Keywords: Central America / Taxation / tobacco

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January 2014

Topic: Tobacco use

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: The isolated island nation of Madagascar has substantial prevalence of both smoking and smokeless tobacco use, although not of dual use. Madagascar’s tobacco market, much like its historical and cultural underpinnings, appears to have both Asian and African influences. Additionally, it has a unique market structure that plays an … Read more »

Keywords: Madagascar / Smokless Tobacco / tobacco / tobacco use

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January 2014

Topics: Tobacco use / Cessation / Impact on the poor

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: Using the Global Adult Tobacco Surveys from 14 primarily low- and middle-income countries, we describe the association between the probability of being a recent quitter and a number of demographic and policy-relevant factors such as exposure to warning labels, work-site smoking bans, antismoking media messaging, tobacco marketing, and current … Read more »

Keywords: Bidis / Global Adult Tobacco Survey / Low-income countries / middle-income countries / policy / Quit / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / Warning Labels

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January 2014

Topics: Industry pricing / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Region: Global

Introduction: We conducted an independent survey of tobacco use in Jordan following the methods and template of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey. Using data collected on cigarette use and cigarette prices, we estimated the price elasticity of cigarette demand in Jordan. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In … Read more »

Keywords: Global Adult Tobacco Survey / Jordan / Price Elasticity / Taxation / tobacco

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January 2014

Topics: Industry pricing / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: The tobacco epidemic has been rapidly spreading in many of the poorer nations of the world, including India. Although studies assessing the impact of prices on youth smoking in countries such as the United States are abundant, comparable research on Indian youth has been largely unavailable due to lack … Read more »

Keywords: India / Price / Tobacco Tax / Youth Access / Youth Smoking

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January 2014

Topics: Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: Evidence on the relationship between cigarette prices and adult smoking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is relatively limited. This study offers new descriptive evidence on this relationship using data from a set of 13 LMICs. Methods: We use Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) cross-country data from approximately 200,000 participants … Read more »

Keywords: Adult Smoking / Low-income countries / middle-income countries / Price

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January 2014

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use / Supply-side issues and interventions / Tax and price / Youth access

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Introduction: We estimated the impact of cigarette prices on youth smoking in 38 countries with the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. Methods: We used a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In the first part, we estimated the impact of prices on the decision to smoke. Conditional on smoking, we then estimated the effect of … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Global Youth Tobacco Survey / Impact on Youth / Price / Price Elasticity / Socio-economic status / Youth Smoking

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August 2013

Topics: Industry pricing / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Introduction: The importance of tobacco tax structure in determining the relative prices of different tobacco products and brands has become increasingly recognized. The structuring of tobacco tax across products and brands within a country can impact the variability of prices within a country, shaping consumption and influencing tobacco users’ incentives … Read more »

Keywords: Brand / Brand Recognition / Price / Price Increases / Taxation

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July 2013

Topics: Tobacco use / Prevalence and consumption / Cessation / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background Cigarette price increases have been associated with increases in smoking cessation, but relatively little is known about this relationship at the level of individual smokers. To address this and to inform tax policy, the goal of this study was to apply a behavioural economic approach to the relationship between … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / Cigarette smoking / Left Digit Price Transitions / Motivation / Motivation To Quit / Price / Price Increases / Price variability

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June 2013

Topics: Tobacco use / Economic impact of tobacco control

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

This presentation at the Fogarty International Center National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD, provides an overview of the tobacco price structure, economic costs of tobacco use, economic impact of tobacco control, the globalization of the tobacco industry, and economically viable alternatives to tobacco. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Globalization / Impact of tobacco taxes / Tobacco Control

This presentation given at the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Leadership Program at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the economic cost of tobacco use, the correlation between tobacco use and poverty, the myths and facts on the economics costs of tobacco control, … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Control

This presentation given at the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Leadership Program at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the rationales of tobacco taxation, the impacts of taxation, and best practices. … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / France / government regulation / Impact of tobacco taxes / Poland / Tobacco Tax / United States

The New Findings from Research on the Economics of Tobacco Use presentation given at the Food & Drug Administration, Center for Tobacco Products reviews the monitoring and assessment of the impact of tax and price policies on US tobacco use. … Read more »

Keywords: Price / Purchase Behaviors

The presentation provides an overview of the tobacco tax and price policies and a review of the littered pack inspection and the local tobacco ordinance data. … Read more »

Keywords: Littered Pack Inspection / policy / Price / Tobacco Tax

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April 2013

Topic: Tax avoidance and evasion

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation at the Symposium on the Economics of Tobacco Control in Ankara, Turkey provides an overview of the measurement and detriments of tax avoidance and tax evasion and the policy responses. … Read more »

Keywords: policy / Tax Avoidance

The Economics of Tobacco Control presentation provides an introductory overview of the public health and economic rationales of tobacco control efforts. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impact on Health / Tobacco Control

The Relevant Trends in Global Tobacco presentation given at the ITC Project Meetings in Boston, MA,  provides an overview for factors contributing to the globalization of the tobacco industry and the implications for tobacco use and tobacco control. … Read more »

Keywords: Globalization / Tobacco Control / tobacco use

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March 2013

Topics: Industry pricing / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Objectives: Greece is in an economic crisis compounded by the costs caused by smoking. The present investigation estimates the economic and public health benefits ensuing from the recent cigarette excise tax increase in 2011 and projects the potential benefits from an additional €2.00 per pack cigarette tax increase. Methods: The effects … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Greece / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health

The presentation given at Harvard University provides an overview of the economic cost of tobacco usage in the 21st century from a global perspective. … Read more »

Keywords: Bangladesh / China / Economic impact / Globalization / India / Poverty / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

The Restrictions on Tobacco Use, Sales, and Marketing presentation given at the Developing Public Health Regulations for Marijuana: Lessons from Alcohol and Tobacco session in Arlington, VA,  reviews smoke-free policy development, impact, prevalence, and future directions of smoke-free laws. The presentation also reviews tobacco marketing, counter marketing, and youth access … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Economic impact / Impact on Health / Impact on Youth / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / policy / Smoke-free Policies

The Tobacco Product Licensing, Production, and Distribution presentation given in Arlington, VA, reviews tobacco’s licensing aims, production regulation, constituent labeling and overviews differences in tobacco packaging. … Read more »

Keywords: Constituent Labeling / Government Intervention / Impact on Youth / Licensing / Product Regulation / Retail Cigarette Marketing / Warning Labels

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February 2013

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax avoidance and evasion

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The Monitoring and Assessing the Impact of Tax and Price Policies on US Tobacco Use presentation for the SCTC Steering Committee provides an overview of policy surveillance, tobacco pricing and promotion, purchase behaviors, tax avoidance and evasion, tobacco use, and communication and dissemination. … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Impact of tobacco taxes / Price / Purchase Behavior / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

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January 2013

Topic: Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given at the Workshop on The Regulation and Strategic Behavior of Tobacco Manufacturers at the University of Bath provides a brief overview of the implications of tobacco control and the globalization of the tobacco industry. … Read more »

Keywords: FDI & Privatization / Tobacco Control / Trade Agreements

Many modalities of tobacco use prevention programming have been implemented including various policy regulations (tax increases, warning labels, limits on access, smoke-free policies, and restrictions on marketing), mass media programming, school-based classroom education, family involvement, and involvement of community agents (i.e., medical, social, political). The present manuscript provides a glance at these modalities … Read more »

Keywords: Prevention / Relative effects / tobacco use

This brief describes and assesses how cigarette pricing varies by neighborhood race and ethnicity. The analyses are based on data collected in 2011 from 2,387 retail stores in a nationally representative sample of 157 communities where public middle and high school students live. The data presented in this brief show that … Read more »

Keywords: Bridging the Gap / Cigarette smoking / Convenience Stores / Ethnicity / Impact on Youth / Neighborhoods / Price / Race / Socio-economic status

Aims: Novel methods in behavioral economics permit the systematic assessment of the relationship between cigarette consumption and price. Toward informing tax policy, the goals of this study were to conduct a high-resolution analysis of cigarette demand in a large sample of adult smokers and to use the data to estimate … Read more »

Keywords: Behavioral Economics / Cigarette Demand / Nicotine Dependence / policy / Tax Policy

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November 2012

Topics: Industry pricing / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Background: Raising cigarette prices through taxation is an important policy approach to reduce smoking. Yet, cigarette price increases may not be equally effective in all subpopulations of smokers. Purpose: To examine differing effects of state cigarette price changes with individual changes in smoking among smokers of different intensity levels. Methods: Data were … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Individual level factos / National Epidemiologic Survey / policy / Price / Price variability / Reduce Smoking / States

Two-thirds of the world’s tobacco users live in just 15 countries, and 5 of these high-burden countries (People’s Republic of China, India, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam) are in Asia. This report aims to assess how changes in cigarette taxes can reduce consumption and save lives in these high-burden countries. In the absence … Read more »

Keywords: Asian Development Bank / National Epidemiologic Survey / Tax Reform / tobacco / Tobacco Control

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October 2012

Topics: Impact on demand / Cessation / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Introduction: We studied the impact of cigarette excise taxes on the rates of smoking cessation with data from 3 neighboring Eastern European countries (Russia, Poland, and Ukraine) during the post-transitional period of the 1990s and 2000s. Methods: Using Global Adult Tobacco Survey data from 11,106 former and current smokers, we estimated … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / Poland / Russia / Taxation / Ukraine

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October 2012

Topics: Industry pricing / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, analyzes the tax burden on tobacco vs. tobacco use supplement to the current population survey. The presentation also reviews the official price series versus international tobacco control policy evaluation surveys. … Read more »

Keywords: Canada / Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / United States

The presentation provides an overview of  the rationales for tobacco taxation, the impact of the taxes and prices on consumption, the types of taxes and prices, and the implications they have for obesity prevention. … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impact on Youth / Obesity / Obesity Prevention / Price / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

The presentation given in San Antonio, Texas provides an overview of the types and levels of tobacco taxation, a rationale for tobacco taxation, counterarguments, and implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

Keywords: Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Obesity / Tobacco Tax

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August 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in the Philippines presentation given at International Experts’ Forum on Sin Tax Reforms in Manila, Philippines, provides an overview of tobacco use and its consequences in the Philippines. The presentation also reviews the taxes, prices, and demand for cigarettes in a country that … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Philippines / Price / tobacco use

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August 2012

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use / Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

Objective: To describe the characteristics of two primary determinants of cigarette consumption: cigarette affordability and the range of prices paid for cigarettes (and bidis, where applicable) in a set of 15 countries. From this cross-country comparison, identify places where opportunities may exist for reducing consumption through tax adjustments. Data: Self-response data … Read more »

Keywords: Affordability / Cigarette Brands / Cigarette smoking / Cross-country study / Global Adult Tobacco Survey / Price / Purchase Behavior

The presentation given in Kansas City, MO provides an overview of the factors contributing to the globalization of the tobacco industry. … Read more »

Keywords: FDI & Privatization / Globalization / Trade Agreements / Turkey

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August 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Industry pricing / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation given in Kansas City, MO, provides an overview of tobacco taxation, industry price-marketing, and the impact of tobacco taxes and prices on usage. … Read more »

Keywords: Earmarking / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Myths and Facts / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Tax

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July 2012

Topics: Cost-effectiveness / Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given at the Regional Seminar on Tobacco Prices, Taxes, and Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Panama City, Panama, provides an overview of the global evidence for tobacco taxes and its correlation with tobacco use. … Read more »

Keywords: Panama / Price / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

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July 2012

Topics: Cost-effectiveness / Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given at the Regional Seminar on Tobacco Prices, Taxes, and Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products in Panama City, Panama, provides an overview of the global evidence for tobacco taxes and its correlation with tobacco use. … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax

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June 2012

Topic: Economic impact of tobacco control

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation given at the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Advocacy Coordinating Committee in Dallas, Texas, provides an overview of the economic impact and cost of tobacco labeling. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / FDA / Product Regulation

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June 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation given in Dallas, TX provides an overview of tobacco tax, the impact of tobacco use and consequences, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

Keywords: Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Obesity / Obesity Prevention / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use / Youth Smoking

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May 2012

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

In this report, we briefly describe the tobacco environment in Bangladesh, beginning with a discussion of tobacco use and its health and economic consequences, followed by a short review of the supply of tobacco and tobacco products. Given available data, most of the discussion focuses on smoked tobacco products, particularly manufactured cigarettes and bidis. We then provide a … Read more »

Keywords: Bangladesh / Cigarette Tax Rate / Tobacco Control

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May 2012

Topics: Tax and price / Youth access

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

This study examined the impact of the 2009 federal tobacco excise tax increase on the use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products among youth using the Monitoring the Future survey, a nationally representative survey of 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students. The results of this analysis showed that this tax increase had a … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Smokless Tobacco / Tobacco Tax / United States / Youth Smoking

The presentation given in Guatemala provides an overview of tobacco and alcohol tax, the impact of taxes and prices on tobacco and alcohol usage, industry price marketing and policy options, counterarguments, myths and facts, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / Government Intervention / government regulation / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / policy / Price / Price marketing

A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago found that in the first 60 days following a 2009 federal tobacco tax, at least 220,000 young people were prevented from using tobacco. The research, which was published by the National Bureau of Economic Research and funded by … Read more »

Keywords: Tobacco Revenue / Tobacco Tax / Youth Smoking

The presentation given at the University of Illinois at Chicago for the U01 Advisory Panel Meeting, provides an overview of the State and Community Tobacco Control Research Initiative.   … Read more »

Keywords: Research Initiative / States / Tobacco Control

The presentation given at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine provides an overview of tobacco tax, the impact of tobacco use and consequences, earmarking revenue and control programs, industry price marketing and policy options, and the implications for obesity prevention. … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Health / Myths and Facts / Obesity / policy / Price marketing / Tobacco Revenue / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

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April 2012

Topics: Prevalence and consumption / Tobacco use

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Objectives: We investigated whether state-sponsored antitobacco advertisements are associated with reduced adult smoking, and interactions between smoking-related advertising types. Methods: We measured mean exposure to smoking-related advertisements with television ratings for the top-75 US media markets from 1999 to 2007. We combined these data with individual-level Current Population Surveys Tobacco Use … Read more »

Keywords: Anti-Tobacco Advertising / Impact on Youth / Reduce Smoking

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March 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation given  was given at the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco control Session in Singapore at the World Conference of Tobacco or Health. The presentation provides an overview of the reasons to increase tobacco taxes in order to decrease the prevalence of tobacco use.   … Read more »

Keywords: Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Tax

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March 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Economic impact of tobacco control

Content type: Report

Region: Global

An update of the 1994 Report, “Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People,” this new report provides more of a global perspective on prevention as well as a more comprehensive look at the literature on the link between tobacco company marketing practices and youth tobacco use. … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Youth / Marketing Practices / Prevention

The presentation given at the 15th World Conference on Tobacco or Health in Singapore provides an overview of the surveys and results found from the ITC Cross Country Report on tobacco pricing and taxation. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Globalization / Impact of tobacco taxes / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / policy / Tobacco Tax

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March 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given in Singapore provides an overview of the economics of tobacco control in Africa, the tobacco tax structure and its correlation with tobacco usage and a review of best practices in tobacco taxation. … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Globalization / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Tax

The  presentation given at the Workshop on International Collaborative Research on Tobacco Control Policies in Taiwan Taipei, Taiwan, provides an overview of evidence for the effectiveness of tax and price polices for tobacco control. … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / policy / Price / Tobacco Control

Over the past few decades, health economists have made substantial contributions to our understanding of how laws, regulations and other policies can address market failures in order to improve public health. This monograph provides an introduction to the concepts used by economists in this research. It begins by providing a … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol use / Economic impact / Law Enforcement / policy / Price / Public Health / Tobacco Tax

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March 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Economic impact of tobacco control / Tax and price / Economic consequences

Content types: Journal article / Publication

Region: Domestic

Background:  Increases in tobacco taxes are widely regarded as a highly effective strategy for reducing tobacco use and its consequences. Methods:  The voluminous literature on tobacco taxes is assessed, drawing heavily from seminal and recent publications reviewing the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and related outcomes, … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / research review / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Strategies / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

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March 2012

Topic: Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Report

Region: Global

This report presents initial findings on cross-country differences on key indicators of the effectiveness of price and tax policies across 19 countries on the ITC Project, including New Zealand. A primary objective of this report is to disseminate findings on the effectiveness of tax measures to policymakers and other public … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / policy / Tobacco Tax

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January 2012

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences / Economic consequences / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Global

The impact of tobacco use on morbidity and mortality worldwide is exceedingly large. Tobacco use is expected to cause 8 million deaths per year by 2030, amounting to 1 billion deaths by the end of the century; the large majority of these deaths is projected to occur in lower and … Read more »

Keywords: Mortality / MPOWER / Tax Policy / Tobacco Control Strategies / WHO

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December 2011

Topics: Tobacco use / Youth access

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Tobacco youth access laws are designed to prohibit minors from accessing tobacco products, and also to simultaneously reduce both the supply of tobacco and the availability of tobacco products to minors. A variety of multi-level government policies have been enacted to reduce youth access to tobacco, including: sales to minors‟ … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Impact on Youth / Law Enforcement / PUP Laws / Purchase Laws / Tobacco Possession / United States / Youth Smoking

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November 2011

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax levels and structure / Impact on demand / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

The threat posed by smoking to health in India is severe. Already 1 in 5 of all adult male deaths and 1 in 20 of all adult female deaths at ages 30-69 are due to smoking and India will soon have 1 million smoking deaths a year. Increasing tobacco prices … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Effects of taxes / Impact on Health / India / Price Elasticity

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November 2011

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Objectives: To investigate whether increasing state cigarette taxes and/or enacting stronger smoke-free air (SFA) policies have negative impact on convenience store density in a state, a proxy that is determined by store openings and closings, which reflects store profits. Methods: State-level business count estimates for convenience stores for 50 states and … Read more »

Keywords: Convenience Stores / Economic impact / policy / Quasi-Experimental research / Smoke-free Air Policies / States / Tobacco Tax

Tobacco smoking of bidis and cigarettes causes about one million deaths a year in India. India’s relatively high consumption is due in part to a historically low or no tax on bidis and an inefficient, complex system of taxing cigarettes. In the context of planned tax reforms in India, we … Read more »

Keywords: Bidis / Effects of taxes / Impact on Health / India / Smoking Deaths / Tax Reform / Tax Reforms

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October 2011

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

This chapter summarizes the strategies that have been successful in causing the sharp declines in smoking and other tobacco product use observed over the past several decades and describes the potential for similar strategies to be effective in reversing the rise in obesity, using the World Health Organization’s MPOWER package … Read more »

Keywords: MPOWER / Obesity / Prevention / Taxation / World Health Organization

Interventions to reduce childhood obesity entail ethical considerations. Although a rationale exists for government to intervene in a way that limits individual rights while protecting the public’s health, a clear economic rationale also exists. The markets for goods and services that contribute to obesity are characterized by multiple failures that … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Obesity / Public Health

The Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Air Policies’ presentation given at the All In Coalition Meeting in Orlando, Fl,  reviews the evolution and compliance with smoke-free policies, impact on exposure, impact on tobacco use,  and the impact on health and the economy. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Exposure / Impact on Health / Smoke-free Air Policies / tobacco use

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August 2011

Topics: Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Ireland has been among the leaders in implementing tax and price as part of a comprehensive  approach to tobacco control with the aim of reducing tobacco use and its consequences.  Cigarette excise taxes have been increased regularly over time and account for over 61 percent  of the retail price of … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impact of tobacco taxes / Ireland / Tobacco Control

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July 2011

Topic: Tobacco use

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Objectives: We compared quit attempts and quit rates among menthol and nonmenthol cigarette smokers in the United States. Methods: We used data from the 2003 and 2006-2007 waves of the large, nationally representative Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey with control for state-level tobacco control spending, prices, and smoke-free … Read more »

Keywords: Menthol / Quit Attempts / Quit Rates

This new volume of the IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention in Tobacco Control presents a critical review and evaluation of the evidence by 25 international experts from twelve countries on the economics, epidemiology, public policy and tobacco control aspects of tax and price policies. The working group draws conclusions about … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Health / Impact on Youth / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax

This paper examines how price minimizing behaviors impact efforts to stop smoking. Data on 4,988 participants from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Four-Country Survey who were smokers at baseline (wave 5) and interviewed at a 1 year follow-up were used. We examined whether price minimizing behaviors at baseline … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / policy / Price / Socio-economic status / Taxation / tobacco

Best Practices in Tobacco Taxation presentation was given at the Tobacco Free Nebraska State Conference in Lincoln, NE, and it provides an overview of tobacco taxation. The presentation covers the impact of taxes/prices on tobacco use, earmarking revenues for tobacco control, industry price marketing, myths and facts, and a summary … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Nebraska / Tobacco Tax

The State of Tobacco Control in Nebraska: One Economist’s Perspective presentation given at the Tobacco Free Nebraska State Conference in Lincoln, NE, provides an overview of the MPOWER Framework and reviews where we’ve been, where we are now, and where we can go with Tobacco Control in the state of … Read more »

Keywords: Nebraska / tobacco / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Strategies

Does law matter regarding public health outcomes? Regardless of what one may thinkabout the answer to this age-old question, in recent years the public health community has increasingly demonstrated and recognized the roles that public health laws and policies play in effectuating long-lasting and broad-based population-wide changes. Public health laws … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Air Law / government regulation / Health Policy / Impact on Health / legislation / Public Health

This report summarizes the progress made over the past two decades in raising cigarette and other tobacco product excise taxes and in adopting and strengthening policies that limit smoking in public places and private worksites. The evolution of these policies is discussed and the evidence of their effectiveness in reducing … Read more »

Keywords: Prevention / second-hand smoke / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax

Pennsylvania’s Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) took effect in September 2008. Numerous stakeholders – legislators, media and businesses – expressed interest in understanding the economic impact on drinking establishments and restaurants subsequent to the legislation. The Pennsylvania Department of Health (DOH) funded the Pennsylvania Alliance to Control Tobacco (PACT) to … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Indoor Air Act / Economic impact / Impact on Business / Impact on Drinking Establishments / Impact on Restaurants / Pennsylvania

The presentation IMPACT: Smokers and Smoking-Related Deaths analyzes the 17-year impact (1993-2010) that tax and master settlement price increases and smoke free air policies have on reductions in the number of smokers and  smoking-related deaths. The presentation also predicts a 70-year generation analysis (1993-2063) of tax and master settlement price … Read more »

Keywords: cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / Tobacco Revenue / Tobacco Tax

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March 2011

Topic: Tax and price

Region: Domestic

The “Lesson’s Learned from Tobacco and Alcohol Taxation and Implications for Obesity Prevention” presentation given at Northwestern University, Department of Preventative Medicine, provides an overview of tobacco and alcohol taxation and the impacts and consequences of taxes/prices on tobacco and alcohol use, earmarks the revenues for control programs, the industry … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol taxation / Alcohol use / Impact of tobacco taxes / Myths and Facts / Obesity Prevention / Price marketing

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March 2011

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences

Content types: Brief / Publication

For the past three decades, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has issued a national agenda aimed at improving the health of all Americans over each 10-year span. Under each of these Healthy People initiatives, HHS established health benchmarks and monitored how well people were reaching them over … Read more »

Keywords: Health services / Healthy People's Initiative / Public Health

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March 2011

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of state tobacco control program expenditures on individual-level tobacco use behaviors among young adults. Data come from the 1997, 1999 and 2001 waves of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS). Our findings indicate that a higher … Read more »

Keywords: Prevention / State Funding / Tobacco Control / Youth Smoking

This study investigates the economic impact of state cigarette taxes and smoke-free air policies on convenience stores. Specifically, we examine whether increasing cigarette taxes and/or enacting stronger smoke-free air policies will reduce number of convenience stores per capita in a state. Our analyses show that the number of convenience stores … Read more »

Keywords: Convenience Stores / Economic impact / Impact of tobacco taxes / States / United States

This article is a commentary published in the journal Addiction by Frank J. Chaloupka on an article by Ross and colleagues.  Chaloupka states, “The paper by Ross and colleagues provides a useful addition to the evidence on the effectiveness of higher taxes and prices in reducing smoking, using longitudinal data from the International Tobacco … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / policy / Price / Research Priorities

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January 2011

Topics: Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

This paper examines how socio-economic status (SES) modifies how smokers adjust to changes in the price of tobacco products through utilization of multiple price minimizing techniques. Data come from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Four Country Survey, nationally representative samples of adult smokers and includes respondents from Canada, … Read more »

Keywords: policy / Price / Socio-economic status / Taxation / tobacco

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January 2011

Topics: Economic impact of tobacco control / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Illinois

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December 2010

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Objective: To assess the impact of a 2007 cigarette tax increase from 110% to 140% of the price to the retailer on cigarette price and consumption among Mexican smokers, including efforts to offset price increases. Methods: Data were analysed from the 2006 and 2007 administrations of the International Tobacco Control (ITC) … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Mexico / Taxation

On Thursday April 8th, Kansas City Missouri voters approved Question 3, a ballot initiative requiring private workplaces, restaurants, and bars to be smoke-free. The Kansas City, Missouri smoking ordinance took full effect on June 21, 2008. To the best of our knowledge, no peer reviewed studies have examined the economic impact … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Drinking Establishments / Impact on Restaurants / Kansas City / Missouri

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December 2010

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Tax and price / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Journal article

Region: Domestic

Aims: To examine the relationship between menthol and non-menthol prices and smoke-free air laws and the choice between menthol and non-menthol cigarettes among current smokers. Design, setting and participants: Data were extracted from the nationally representative (USA) 2003 and 2006/07 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey. A total of 57 383 adult … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Menthol / Price / Smoke-free Air Policies

Objective: Over 20 experts on economics, epidemiology, public policy and tobacco control were asked by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to evaluate the strength of the available evidence on the effects of tax and price policies to prevent and reduce tobacco use. Methods: Draft papers presenting and assessing … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / government regulation / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (ITC) / smoking/prevention and control / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax

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November 2010

Topics: Tax levels and structure / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The “Economics of Tobacco Control” presentation reviews why tax tobacco is efficient for generating revenue,  the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco product prices, the effects of taxes and prices on cigarette smoking and other tobacco use, the types of tobacco taxes, and myths and facts about economic impact of … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Tax

Governments tax tobacco products for both revenue and public health purposes. How should they structure tobacco taxes? This column uses data from 21 EU countries between 1998 and 2007 to argue that cigarettes should be subject to a high, uniform specific tax in the interest of both objectives. … Read more »

Keywords: Excise Taxes / Tax Structure / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Tax

Objective: Research on the effects of state-level tobacco control policies targeted at youth has been mixed, with little on the effects of these policies and youth smoking cessation. This study explored the association between state-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation behaviors from 1991 to 2006. Methods: The study design … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Cessation / Tobacco Control / tobacco use / Youth Smoking

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October 2010

Topics: Youth access / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

Objective: Research on the effects of state-level tobacco control policies targeted at youth has been mixed, with little on the effects of these policies and youth smoking cessation. This study explored the association between state-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation behaviors from 1991–2006. Methods: The study design was a … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Youth / State-level policies / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Strategies

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September 2010

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable, and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Effects of taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Ohio / Tobacco Revenue

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August 2010

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

The main purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the effects of the cigarette excise tax structure on three outcomes: cigarette prices, government revenues, and cigarette consumption. We composed cross-sectional time-series data for 21 EU countries from year 1998 to 2007 from various data resources. We provide … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Consumption / Cigarette Excise Tax / Government Revenue / Price

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) funded SmokeLess States National Tobacco Control Policy Initiative, which began in 1993, provided funding for state-level coalitions to engage in media and policy advocacy to strengthen tobacco control legislation and regulation.  The initiative’s ultimate goal was to reduce the use of tobacco across states. Tracking … Read more »

Keywords: Effect of Media / legislation / policy / Policy Advocacy

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June 2010

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price / Youth access

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The Taxes as a Tool for Promoting Public Health: Lessons from Tobacco Taxation presentation given to the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity in Minneapolis, MN, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences and the impact of earmarked tobacco taxes … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Health / Impact on Youth / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Tax / Youth Smoking

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June 2010

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The Pricing Strategies for Tobacco, Healthy Eating, and Physical Activity presentation given at the Communities Putting Prevention to Work: State and Territory Initiative in Atlanta, GA, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences. It also discusses the potential for using taxes to … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Impact on Health / Impact on Youth / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Obesity / Physical Activity / Taxes to Promote Health

State cigarette and other tobacco tax revenues are among the most predictable, steady, and reliable revenues that states receive. While these revenues do decline gradually over time as smoking and other tobacco use declines, the reductions in revenue are modest, predictable and more than offset by the related reductions in … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Tax Rate / Effects of taxes / Impact on Health / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / North Carolina / Tobacco Revenue

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March 2010

Topics: Industry pricing / Tax and price

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Public health advocates, particularly those focused on chronic disease prevention, are actively exploring whether and how policy interventions tested in tobacco control apply to the obesity epidemic. Section 1 of this synopsis summarizes the salient lessons learned about taxes as a legal intervention to reduce tobacco consumption. Section 2 considers the … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Government Intervention / Impact on Tobacco Price Increase / Obesity / Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

India is unique in the range of tobacco products that are available at different price points, targeted at populations with substantial differences in socioeconomic and demographic profiles. Tobacco is consumed in a variety of forms, from smoking tobacco products like bidis* and cigarettes to several types of chewing tobacco. There are considerable … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Health / India / Price variability / Tobacco Tax

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January 2010

Topic: Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Global

The presentation given in Guatemala provides an overview of the recent work at WHO to identify tobacco control research priorities as part of WHO noncommunicable diseases (NCD) strategy. … Read more »

Keywords: Research Priorities / Tobacco Control / WHO

The first section of this chapter discusses the costs of tobacco consumption. This topic is relevant to millions of women, particularly in developing countries, because tobacco use exacerbates poverty conditions and negatively affects women’s roles as family providers. The costs of treating tobacco- related illnesses and the resulting loss of … Read more »

Keywords: Cost / Gender / policy / Tobacco Control / Tobacco-Related Illnesses / Women

This chapter describes the evolution of key tobacco control policies over the past several decades and reviews the evidence base on the effectiveness of these policies in reducing tobacco use and the public health consequences it causes. Key policies include tobacco taxation, smokefree air policies, policies targeting youth, and limits … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Evidence-based programs / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impact on Youth / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Strategies / United States

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November 2009

Topics: Tobacco use / Tax and price / Youth access

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The RWJF and Tobacco Policy Research: One Researcher’s Perspective presentation given at the American Public Health Association Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA,  reviews the RWJF research on the impact of tobacco taxes, state programs, tobacco marketing, and tobacco counter-marketing and discusses how to communicate those findings. … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / cigarette tax avoidance and evasion / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / policy / States / Taxes to Promote Health / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / Tobacco Tax / Youth Smoking

The Looking Backward and Looking Forward presentation give at the American Pubilc Health Association Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, PA, reviews the evidence on the impact of tobacco taxes on tobacco use and its consequences, the evidence on the impact of alcoholic beverage taxes on drinking and its consequences, and the … Read more »

Keywords: Alcohol Tax / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Soda Tax

This commentary by Frank Chaloupka looks at an article by Siahpush and colleagues in the journal Addiction. The article, entitled “Smokers with financial stress are more likely to want to quit but less likely to try or succeed: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Four Country Survey” looks at … Read more »

Keywords: Cessation / Financial Stress / Taxation

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July 2009

Topic: Health consequences

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

In this chapter we extend the framework of Murphy and Topel (2003a) and Nordhaus (2003) on the benefits of medical research. Their point of departure is the striking increase in life expectancy in the United States over the last 50 years. In 1970, average life expectancy at birth was 70.8 … Read more »

Keywords: Development Studies / Economic impact / Health Policy

This article is concerned with the differential impact of real pecuniary prices and youth access laws on the smoking behavior among depressed and suicidal youth. Previous cross-sectional research on adolescents has a found a strong positive relationship between cigarette-smoking and depression. This article attempts to fill a void in this … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette Demand / Mental Health / policy / Price

The Economics and Tobacco Control: Smoke-Free Air Policies and Tobacco Taxes presentation given at the 2009 Tobacco Summit in Fairbanks, AK, provides a brief overview of smoke-free air policies in the US, the costs of smoking to businesses, the evidence of the economic impact of smoke-free policies, and the myths … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts

The Economics of Smoke-Free Air Policies presentation given at the California Tobacco Control Program, Project Directors’ Meeting in Napa, CA, reviews the costs of smoking to businesses and the economic impact of smoke free policies. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impact on Business / Smoke-free Policies

The report bore a simple, understated title: “Smoking and Health”. But when it was issued in 1964 by the United States Surgeon General, it signaled the beginning of a massive public health campaign to curtail tobacco consumption (Figure 1). Now, more than 40 years later, we recognize that smoking harms … Read more »

Keywords: Evidence-based programs / State Funding / States / Tobacco Control

This volume is a critical review of the published literature on this highly sensitive issue, led by a Working Group of 17 scientists from nine countries, which draws conclusions about the effectiveness of smoke-free policies. The volume covers the evolution of smoke-free policies, the impact of smoke-free policies on businesses … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Business / Impact on Health / Impact on Hospitals / policy / Public Attitude / second-hand smoke / Smoke-free Air Policies

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November 2008

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences / Impact on the poor

Content types: Journal article / Publication

Region: Domestic

Extensive research has documented the harmful impact of smoking on adult and children’s health.Smoking causes numerous diseases and harms nearly every organ in the body, while exposure to secondhand smoke causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmokers. Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases the likelihood of premature birth, still birth, … Read more »

Keywords: Cigarette smoking / Food Insecurity / Impact on Youth / second-hand smoke / Tobacco Control

The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control presentation given at Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, International Tobacco Control Leadership Program in Baltimore, MD, reviews the economic rationale for government intervention and provides myths and facts about the economic costs of tobacco taxation and tobacco control. The presentation also provides … Read more »

Keywords: Effects of taxes / Government Intervention / government regulation / Impact of tobacco taxes / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Tax / tobacco use

The Tobacco Taxation presentation given at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, International Tobacco Control Leadership Program in Baltimore, MD, provides an overview for the need and impact of tobacco taxes, the types of tobacco taxes, and the myths and facts about the economic impact of tobacco tax increases. … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Tobacco Tax

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July 2008

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences / Youth access / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Publication

Region: Global

Second-hand smoke contains carcinogens, such as benzene, 1,3-butadiene, benzo[a]pyrene, and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone. Inhalation of second-hand smoke is now well documented as causing harm to health, including lung cancer and cardiovascular disease in adults, respiratory disease in adults and children, and sudden infant death syndrome. Smoke-free policies include legislative and other measures to protect … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Health / Impact on Tobacco Price Increase / Impact on Youth / Policy Advocacy / Smoke-free Policies / Tobacco Control Policies / Tobacco Tax / WHO

This paper examines enforcement issues for three tobacco control policies: youth access laws, clean air laws, and most extensively, excise taxes. There are efficient methods for improving tax compliance that require little in the way of additional government resources. Interstate smuggling could be greatly reduced if the low-tax states raised … Read more »

Keywords: Clean Air Law / Excise Taxes / Tobacco Tax / Youth Access Laws / Youth Smoking

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May 2008

Topic: Tax and price

Content type: Slidedeck

Region: Domestic

The presentation given at the Summit to Identify Policy Strategies to Address Retail Tobacco Price Manipulation in San Francisco, CA, briefly reviews the recent trends in cigarette company marketing expenditures and impact on price, the impact of cigarette marketing on youth and adult cigarette smoking, and the effects of point-of-sale … Read more »

Keywords: Retail Cigarette Marketing / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / Tobacco Price Manipulation / Youth Smoking

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April 2008

Topics: Smoke-free policies / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content types: Journal article / Publication

Region: Domestic

Objectives: Smoking bans are a central component of comprehensive tobacco control programs, and an increasing number of states and localities have adopted them. Public support is critical as efforts continue to extend protection from secondhand smoke to all. We examine the relationship between state print news coverage of tobacco and public sentiment towards smoking bans. Methods: We … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Health / Public Health / Smoke-free Air Policies / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Strategies

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation presentation given at Harvard University School of Public Health, provides an overview of the history of cigarette and other tobacco taxes in the US, the evidence on the impact of taxes  on prices and tobacco use, the myths and facts about the economic costs of … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Massachusetts / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Tax

This volume concentrates on evaluating the impact of societal level interventions to control tobacco use and it is offered as a guide to evaluators in the field. The Handbook covers how the effects of a policy are determined, the core constructs for understanding how and why a given policy works, … Read more »

Keywords: Anti-Tobacco Advertising / Cessation / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / policy / Smoke-free Air Policies

Clean indoor air laws are easily implemented, are well accepted by the public, reduce nonsmoker exposure to secondhand smoke, and contribute to a reduction in overall cigarette consumption. There are currently thousands of clean indoor air laws throughout the United States, and the majority of Americans live in areas where … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Impact on Business / Impact on Drinking Establishments / Impact on Restaurants / Smoke-free Air Policies / Tobacco Control

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October 2007

Topics: Tobacco use / Health consequences

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

Background: Over the past 25 years, the percent of overweight and obese adults and children in the United States has increased dramatically. The magnitude and scope of the public health threat from obesity have resulted in calls for a national comprehensive obesity prevention strategy, akin to tobacco use prevention strategies undertaken … Read more »

Keywords: Obesity / Obesity Prevention / Paid Media Campaigns / Prevention / Tobacco Marketing Strategies

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July 2007

Topics: Tobacco use / Youth access

Content types: Journal article / Publication

Region: Domestic

Objective: Geographic variation in youth smoking prevalence suggests that community-level factors influence risk of tobacco use. We examine the extent to which newspaper coverage of tobacco issues is related to youth smoking attitudes and behaviours. Design: We conducted a content analysis of 8390 newspaper articles on tobacco issues from 386 daily newspapers circulating … Read more »

Keywords: Adolescent / Impact on Youth / Newspapers / States / Tobacco Marketing Strategies

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May 2007

Topics: Marketing bans / Youth access

Content types: Journal article / Publication

Region: Domestic

Objective:  To examine the differential associations of cigarette retail marketing practices on youth smoking uptake. Design:  Analyses from annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional surveys of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders in the United States. Setting:  The February 1999 through June 2003 Monitoring the Future surveys involved 109 308 students and data on retail cigarette marketing collected from … Read more »

Keywords: Impact on Youth / Retail Cigarette Marketing / Tobacco Marketing Strategies / Youth Smoking

The Economics of Tobacco Taxation presentation given at the National Tobacco Control Program and Evaluation Meeting in Atlanta, GA, provides an overview of the history of cigarette and other tobacco taxes in the US, the evidence on the impact of taxes on prices and tobacco use, the myths and facts … Read more »

Keywords: Economic impact / Effects of taxes / Impact of tobacco taxes / Impacts of tobacco tax increases / Myths and Facts / Tobacco Control / United States

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September 2006

Topics: Cessation / Tobacco control policies and programs

Content type: Publication

Region: Domestic

The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of state tobacco control program expenditures on individual-level tobacco use behaviors among young adults. Data come from the 1993, 1997, 1999 and 2001 waves of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (CAS). Our findings indicate that a … Read more »

Keywords: Price / Tobacco Control / Tobacco Control Policies / Youth Smoking